Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Ethiopia

August 15, 2014

Food Security Situation 

Map of Ethiopia
CIA World Factbook
  • Despite a fast-growing economy, Ethiopia remains one of the poorest countries in the world.  It experiences high levels of both chronic and acute food insecurity, particularly among rural populations and smallholder farmers.

  • Approximately 44% percent of children under 5 years of age in Ethiopia are severely chronically malnourished, or stunted.  This lack of nutrients results in irreversible cognitive and physical impairments.  The long-term effects of chronic malnutrition are estimated to cost the Government of Ethiopia approximately 16.5 percent of its GDP every year according to the UN World Food Program (WFP).

  • Climatic shocks are common in Ethiopia and often lead to poor or failed harvests which result in high levels of acute food insecurity.  As of January 2014, the Government of Ethiopia reported that up to 2.7 million people in Ethiopia are acutely food insecure and require food or cash transfers in order to meet their basic food needs.
  • The conflict in South Sudan is exacerbating the food insecurity situation in Ethiopia.  Since the outbreak of violence in mid-December, more than 187,000 South Sudanese refugees have entered the country, bringing the total number of refugees in Ethiopia to more than half a million.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with WFP and Catholic Relief Services (CRS) to provide emergency food assistance that saves lives and reduces human suffering of those affected by climatic and other shocks and meets the basic nutrition requirements of refugees from Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, and Eritrea. 

  • In partnership with CRS, Food for the Hungry (FH), Relief Society of Tigray (REST), and Save the Children (SC), FFP targets food insecure Ethiopians throughout the country with long-term development interventions through the government of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) to reduce chronic food insecurity.

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2014 $237.5 million 274,750 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $235.7 million 274,770 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $306.6 million 365,400 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $313.3 million 371,599 MT
Fiscal Year 2010 $451.7million 704,200 MT

Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development $99.1 million 97,170  MT
Title II Emergency $138.4 million 177,580 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----

Food Security Situation Information provided by WFP, UNHCR and UNICEF as of July 2014.

Related Resources

Feed the Future Ethiopia Fact Sheet

(Re)assessing the Relationship Between Food Aid and Armed Conflict [PDF, 171 KB]

Last updated: November 03, 2014

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