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February 19, 2014
Food Security Situation
Despite a fast-growing economy, Ethiopia remains one of the poorest countries in the world. It experiences high levels of both chronic and acute food insecurity, particularly among rural populations and smallholder farmers.
More than 20 percent of children under 5 years of age in Ethiopia are severely chronically malnourished, or stunted. This lack of nutrients results in irreversible cognitive and physical impairments. The long-term effects of chronic malnutrition are estimated to cost the Government of Ethiopia approximately 16.5 percent of its GDP every year according to the UN World Food Program (WFP).
- Climatic shocks and crises are common in Ethiopia and often result in crop failure, leading to high levels of acute food insecurity and exacerbating the chronic malnutrition crisis. As of August 2013, the Government of Ethiopia reported that 2.7 million people in Ethiopia faced acute food insecurity.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food insecure Ethiopians with long-term development interventions to reduce chronic food insecurity coupled with short-term emergency interventions to save lives and reduce suffering.
FFP partners with Catholic Relief Services (CRS), Food for the Hungry (FH), Relief Society of Tigray (REST), and Save the Children (SC) on development food assistance programs to address chronic food insecurity as well as WFP and CRS on emergency food assistance to address drought/flood relief and refugee needs.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$86.9 million||92,330 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$235.5 million||274,770 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$306.6 million||365,400 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$313.3 million||371,599 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$451.7million||704,200 MT|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$86.9 million||92,330 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Food Security Situation Information provided by:
Central Statistical Agency [Ethiopia] and ICF International. 2012. Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Central Statistical Agency and ICF International.
Last updated: February 19, 2014