- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
- Food Assistance
- Food Aid Reform
- Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Agricultural Capacity Development
- Global Nutrition
- Sustainable Agriculture
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
August 15, 2014
Food Security Situation
Despite a fast-growing economy, Ethiopia remains one of the poorest countries in the world. It experiences high levels of both chronic and acute food insecurity, particularly among rural populations and smallholder farmers.
Approximately 44% percent of children under 5 years of age in Ethiopia are severely chronically malnourished, or stunted. This lack of nutrients results in irreversible cognitive and physical impairments. The long-term effects of chronic malnutrition are estimated to cost the Government of Ethiopia approximately 16.5 percent of its GDP every year according to the UN World Food Program (WFP).
- Climatic shocks are common in Ethiopia and often lead to poor or failed harvests which result in high levels of acute food insecurity. As of January 2014, the Government of Ethiopia reported that up to 2.7 million people in Ethiopia are acutely food insecure and require food or cash transfers in order to meet their basic food needs.
- The conflict in South Sudan is exacerbating the food insecurity situation in Ethiopia. Since the outbreak of violence in mid-December, more than 187,000 South Sudanese refugees have entered the country, bringing the total number of refugees in Ethiopia to more than half a million.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with WFP and Catholic Relief Services (CRS) to provide emergency food assistance that saves lives and reduces human suffering of those affected by climatic and other shocks and meets the basic nutrition requirements of refugees from Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, and Eritrea.
In partnership with CRS, Food for the Hungry (FH), Relief Society of Tigray (REST), and Save the Children (SC), FFP targets food insecure Ethiopians throughout the country with long-term development interventions through the government of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) to reduce chronic food insecurity.
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$237.5 million||274,750 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$235.7 million||274,770 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$306.6 million||365,400 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$313.3 million||371,599 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$451.7million||704,200 MT|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$99.1 million||97,170 MT|
|Title II Emergency||$138.4 million||177,580 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Food Security Situation Information provided by WFP, UNHCR and UNICEF as of July 2014.
Last updated: November 03, 2014