- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
July 12, 2016
Food Security Situation
CIA World Factbook
- Based on the recent 2016 Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee (ZimVAC) findings, an estimated 4 million people will be food insecure during the peak of the next lean season in January to March 2017. Global acute malnutrition is at 5.7 percent, the highest in 15 years, and 2.1 percent of the population is suffering from severe acute malnutrition.
- Poor seasonal rains, reduced agricultural production, lack of purchasing power and high food prices are adversely impacting household food security in Zimbabwe. The lean season is projected to start earlier than usual in September and end later than usual in April due to the El Niño-related impacts.
- According to the Famine Early Waring Systems Network, much of the south of the country is expected to be in Crisis Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) 3 level through September 2016 due to lack of production, livelihood options, and access to food as a result of high prices. Poor households in northern Zimbabwe are predicted to continue at a Stressed IPC 2 level during this time owing to limited production and food access.
Food Assistance Programs
- The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) is providing both lean season food assistance as well as working with WFP on Food for Assets and Cash for Assets interventions, aimed at empowering rural communities to increase their resilience to shocks. These interventions support households to create productive assets that will gradually offset their need for seasonal food assistance. In FY 2016, USAID has contributed $29 million in emergency food assistance supporting 600,000 people impacted by the drought.
- FFP’s two five-year development programs with partners, World Vision and CNFA, are operating in four provinces of Southern Zimbabwe. These programs seek to improve the nutritional status of children under five, expand and diversify agricultural production, increase household income, and help communities prepare for disasters through disaster risk reduction activities. In response to the drought from El Niño, FFP has contributed approximately $5.6 million to these development partners to expand food rations and to support the creation of dams and irrigation schemes through Food for Assets activities.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$34.7 million||28,760 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$42.6 million||20,900 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$34.8 million||12,813 MT|
Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$5.6 million||6,270 MT|
|Title II Emergency||$29.1 million*||22,490 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||---||---|
Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET as of March 2016.
*Includes $3.1 million in Section 202(e) resources for cash transfers and regional purchase of specialized nutrition products.
Last updated: July 12, 2016