Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Zimbabwe

January 27, 2017

Food Security Situation                             

Map of Zimbabwe
CIA World Factbook
  • Based on the July 2016 Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee findings, an estimated 4.1 million people will be food insecure during the peak of the next lean season in January to March 2017. Global acute malnutrition is at 4.4 percent, and 1.9 percent of the population is suffering from severe acute malnutrition.

  • Poor seasonal rains, reduced agricultural production and labor remittances, lack of purchasing power and high food prices are adversely impacting household food security in Zimbabwe. These factors are compounded by ongoing political instability.
  • According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), many areas in the south of the country were already facing significant survival food deficits in June and July that are not usually typical until September or October. Much of the south is experiencing Crisis Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) 3 food insecurity due to lack of production, livelihood options, and access to food. Poor households in northern Zimbabwe have been experiencing Crisis IPC 3 since October as they finish their food stocks and continue to face limited livelihood options for income. The food security situation is expected to worsen during the peak lean season period (Jan-Mar 2017) and the worst affected areas will experience Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes. Traditional cereal-surplus producing areas in the Mashonaland Provinces will continue to be Stressed (IPC Phase 2).

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) is partnering with the UN World Food Program (WFP), World Vision, Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture (CNFA) and UNICEF to provide lean season food assistance to address immediate food needs in Zimbabwe. FFP is also supporting food for asset activities to increase households resilience to shocks and gradually offset their need for seasonal food assistance. In FY 2016, USAID has contributed over $80 million in emergency food assistance supporting drought-affected populations.
  • FFP supports two five-year development programs through World Vision and CNFA in four provinces of Southern Zimbabwe. These programs seek to improve the nutritional status of children under five, expand and diversify agricultural production, increase household income, and help communities prepare for disasters through disaster risk reduction activities. In response to the drought from El Niño, FFP has supported these development partners to expand food rations and to support the creation of dams and irrigation schemes through food for assets activities.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2017 $12.8 million 15,137 MT
Fiscal Year 2016 $88.2 million 55,150 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $44.5 million 24,130 MT

Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development $2.8 million 3,080 MT
Title II Emergency    
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $10.0 million 12,057 MT

Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET as of December 2016.

Country Resources

Last updated: January 27, 2017

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