Office of Water

Indonesian children wash their hands to stay healthy.
Indonesian children wash their hands to stay healthy.
USAID/Indonesia

Globally, 663 million people lack access to improved sources of drinking water and 2.4 billion do not have access to adequate sanitation. Lack of access to safe water and sanitation services directly impacts human health, educational opportunities and economic growth. As the number of people in the world increases, water scarcity is forecast to worsen. If current consumption patterns hold, two-thirds of the world’s population will live in water-stressed conditions by 2025.

Achieving water security for regions, nations and individuals is one of the greatest development challenges confronting the world today. Water is a foundational element of development. By its nature, as a basic and essential resource, water considerations cut across nearly every aspect of USAID programming. To address global water­related challenges, USAID seeks to save lives and advance development through improvements in water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programs, and through sound management and use of water for food security.

Our Work

In 2012, USAID established—within the Bureau for Economic Growth, Education and Environment—the Office of Water and a Global Water Coordinator, to collectively lead water programming across the Agency. The Water Office coordinates implementation of the Agency’s Water and Development Strategy and supports the Agency’s alignment with the Water for the World Act of 2014. The Water for the World Act authorizes continued foreign assistance on WASH and seeks to direct resources to countries where access to services are needed most. The Water Office also promotes integration with the Presidential Initiatives of Global Health and Feed the Future and with other development objectives

Strategy and Program Focus

In 2013, USAID launched its Water and Development Strategy, the first in the Agency's history. The goal of the Strategy is to save lives and advance development through improvements in water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), and sound water management for food security. The strategy designates priority countries (mainly in Africa and Asia) for water assistance based on greatest needs and opportunities.

By 2018 the Strategy will improve health outcomes through sustainable WASH by providing 10 million people with sustainable access to an improved drinking water source and 6 million people with sustainable access to an improved sanitation facility. In addition USAID will manage water for agriculture sustainably and productively to enhance food security benefiting 2 million people.

In 2005, Congress passed the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act in support of WASH as a foreign affairs priority. Since then, the Agency’s WASH portfolio has undergone a period of rapid growth, with an annual directive requirement (focused on drinking water and sanitation service delivery within the context of sound water resources management) growing from $295M in 2008 to $400M in 2016. In 2014, this commitment was renewed through bipartisan Congressional and Presidential support to pass the Senator Paul Simon Water for the World Act of 2014. The Act calls for more targeted, effective and sustainable investments for WASH programs to countries where access to services are needed most. Lead sponsors of the Act included Congressmen Blumenauer and Poe, and Senators Durbin and Corker.

The Water for the World Act of 2014 incorporates key portions of the Water Strategy, such as designation of priority countries pursuant to needs based criteria. The Act also established a single point of leadership within USAID for the implementation of the statute, the Global Water Coordinator (currently held by James Peters, Deputy Assistant Administrator for Water in E3).

Results

The Agency is currently on track to meet or exceed the Water and Development Strategy's targets. Since the release of the Strategy, the Agency has reached more than 7.6 million people with improved water access; 4.2 million people with improved sanitation; and 3.1 million people have benefited from improved water management for agriculture.

E3’S Partners

The Water Office closely collaborates with priority country Missions and other relevant Washington bureaus and offices, including the Bureau for Global Health, the Bureau for Food Security, the Global Development Lab, priority country Missions, and other E3 offices to work towards integrated programming to achieve optimal impact for our beneficiaries.

Furthermore, we closely collaborate with a variety of private sector, international donor agencies, and NGO stakeholders including but not limited to the World Bank, UNICEF, Sanitation and Water for All, the Coca-Cola Company, Gap Inc., the International Water Management Institute and InterAction.

Contacts

Chris Kosnik, Water Office Director
Website: www.globalwaters.org
Email waterteam@usaid.gov
Follow us on Twitter: @USAIDWater

Last updated: July 17, 2017

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