USAID/OFDA Annual Reports

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Fiscal Year 2016: Year in Review

In fiscal year (FY) 2016, USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) responded to 52 humanitarian emergencies, assisting tens of millions of disaster-affected individuals around the world.

As the crisis in Syria extended into its sixth year, an estimated 13.5 million people in the country required urgent humanitarian assistance. USAID/OFDA provided more than $285 million—the largest funding total to a single country response in FY 2016—to support crisis-affected individuals in Syria. Through local partners, international NGOs, and UN agencies, USAID/OFDA prioritized the delivery of relief commodities and support for emergency medical care, in addition to protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions. Elsewhere in the Middle East, USAID/OFDA assisted conflict-affected populations in Iraq, Libya, and Yemen; while in Europe and Central Asia, USAID/OFDA responded to the needs of earthquake-affected households in Tajikistan, communities impacted by fires in Portugal, and flood-affected populations in Macedonia. USAID/OFDA also assisted fire-affected communities in Canada.

As the Ebola outbreak in West Africa ended, USAID/OFDA provided more than $50 million in FY 2016 to support health interventions and strengthen capacity to respond to future disease outbreaks in the affected countries of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. In West Africa’s Lake Chad Basin, insecurity related to the armed group Boko Haram generated population displacement and humanitarian need, prompting USAID/OFDA to aid affected populations in Nigeria and neighboring countries. USAID/OFDA also facilitated humanitarian interventions in response to complex emergencies in Mali and Mauritania and provided health assistance following an explosion in Benin.

The El Niño climatic event exacerbated drought conditions in parts of Africa in FY 2016. USAID/OFDA responded to drought-related needs in Ethiopia, as well as in six Southern Africa countries. USAID/OFDA continued to provide critical, life-saving assistance in response to ongoing conflict and displacement in South Sudan and Sudan’s Darfur Region and the Two Areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. In East and Central Africa, USAID/OFDA also met conflict-related needs in the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Somalia and assisted populations impacted by floods and landslides in Rwanda.

In Asia, USAID/OFDA supported populations affected by complex emergencies in Afghanistan, Burma, and Pakistan. In addition, USAID/OFDA responded to humanitarian needs arising from natural disasters, including drought and floods, as well as severe winter conditions in Mongolia. USAID/OFDA also supported disaster risk reduction (DRR) programs in Asia, helping communities prepare for and mitigate the potential impacts of future disasters. In Latin America and the Caribbean, USAID/OFDA assisted earthquake-affected populations in Ecuador and responded to emergency needs resulting from fires, floods, and hurricanes throughout the region. USAID/OFDA also implemented numerous DRR programs to strengthen local response capacity and promote techniques to mitigate the effects of disasters.

Throughout FY 2016, USAID/OFDA maintained Disaster Assistance Response Teams (DARTs) for the complex crises in Iraq, South Sudan, and Syria, and deployed a DART to Ethiopia to assess drought conditions and scale up humanitarian response efforts. USAID/OFDA also maintained or stood up corresponding Washington, D.C.-based Response Management Teams (RMTs) to facilitate coordination efforts. The West Africa Ebola DART and RMT demobilized during the FY. Overall, USAID/OFDA provided more than $1.4 billion in FY 2016, including approximately $1.1 billion for disaster response activities. These interventions saved lives, while also promoting early recovery and building resilience to future stresses, as the situation allowed. In FY 2016, USAID/OFDA also contributed approximately $96 million in DRR funding to help communities across the world prepare for and mitigate the effects of disasters, as well as approximately $83 million for disaster response programs that incorporated DRR activities.

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Last updated: February 12, 2018

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