USAID/OFDA Annual Reports

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Fiscal Year 2018: Year in Review

In fiscal year (FY) 2018, USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/USAID/OFDA) responded to 53 humanitarian emergencies, assisting tens of millions of disaster-affected individuals around the world.

In Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia, USAID/USAID/OFDA provided nearly $504 million to assist conflict-affected populations in Iraq and Syria, where protracted crises have triggered widespread population displacement and produced acute humanitarian needs. USAID/OFDA also responded to a water, sanitation, and hygiene emergency in Iraq during FY 2018. In addition, USAID/OFDA contributed more than $179 million to respond to the humanitarian impacts of ongoing conflict, eroding government services, and worsening economic conditions in Yemen. Elsewhere in the region, USAID/OFDA assisted populations affected by conflict in Libya and Ukraine and supported communities impacted by wildfires in Portugal.

In Africa, an Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) prompted USAID/OFDA to engage with USAID’s Bureau of Global Health and colleagues from the Centers for Disease Control to support emergency response activities, including contact tracing, health services, and humanitarian coordination and information management. USAID/OFDA also responded to conflict and displacement in seven countries in East and Central Africa and assisted populations impacted by foods in Burundi, Kenya, and Rwanda, as well as drought and food insecurity in Kenya. In West Africa, USAID/OFDA provided more than $135 million in support to communities affected by insecurity related to the armed groups Boko Haram and ISIS–West Africa. USAID/OFDA also facilitated humanitarian interventions in response to complex emergencies in Cameroon and Mali, foods in Niger, and drought in five countries across West and Southern Africa.

In Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), USAID/OFDA responded swiftly to urgent humanitarian needs arising from natural disasters— including earthquakes, foods, landslides, storms, and volcanoes—while simultaneously investing in local capacity and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) to prepare for and mitigate the impacts of future disasters. USAID/OFDA additionally responded to multiple complex emergencies, assisting vulnerable and conflict-affected populations in Afghanistan, Burma, Pakistan, and the Philippines and providing more than $29.5 million for humanitarian response activities related to the Venezuela regional crisis—a deterioration of economic and political conditions within the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela that has caused an influx of people in need in Brazil, Colombia, Peru, and other countries in LAC.

During the year, USAID/OFDA activated Disaster Assistance Response Teams (DARTs) and Washington, D.C.-based Response Management Teams (RMTs) for the DRC EVD outbreak and Venezuela regional crisis, deactivated a DART for the Caribbean hurricanes, and maintained DARTs and RMTs for complex crises in Iraq, Nigeria, South Sudan, and Syria. Overall, USAID/OFDA provided more than $1.8 billion, including approximately $1.5 billion for disaster response activities, in FY 2018. These interventions saved lives while also promoting early recovery and resilience to future stresses. USAID/OFDA also contributed nearly $154 million in DRR funding in FY 2018 to help communities across the world prepare for and mitigate the effects of disasters, as well as approximately $23.7 million for disaster response programs that incorporated DRR activities.

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Last updated: December 12, 2019

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