USAID/OFDA Annual Reports

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Fiscal Year 2017: Year in Review

In fiscal year (FY) 2017, USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) responded to 53 humanitarian emergencies, assisting tens of millions of disaster-affected individuals around the world.

The fiscal year was bookended by two major hurricane responses: the Hurricane Matthew response in Haiti, Jamaica, and The Bahamas beginning in October 2016, and the hurricanes Irma and Maria response in several Caribbean countries beginning in September 2017. USAID/OFDA also assisted earthquake-affected populations in Mexico and responded to emergency needs resulting from floods, fires, and hurricanes throughout the Latin America and the Caribbean region. In Asia, USAID/OFDA supported populations affected by ongoing complex emergencies in Afghanistan, Burma, Pakistan, and the Philippines and responded to humanitarian needs arising from natural disasters, including floods and severe winter conditions. USAID/OFDA also continued to prioritize DRR programs in Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean, investing in local capacity to prepare for and mitigate the potential impacts of future disasters.

USAID/OFDA provided $294 million—the greatest amount of funding to a single country response in FY 2017—to support response activities in Iraq, where an estimated 11 million people required assistance. Additionally, USAID/OFDA provided more than $290 million to support crisis-affected people in Syria, as the crisis entered its seventh year. USAID/OFDA also provided nearly $230 million to respond to humanitarian needs in Yemen resulting from protracted conflict, the erosion of government services, and worsening economic conditions. Elsewhere in the Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia region, USAID/OFDA assisted conflict-affected populations in Iraq, Libya, and Ukraine and responded to the needs of flood-affected populations in Canada and Egypt.

Severe drought in the Horn of Africa required increased response activities in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia during FY 2017. Through an expanded field- and Washington, D.C.-based team, USAID/OFDA provided more than $235 million towards the regional response during the fiscal year. In East and Central Africa, USAID/OFDA continued to provide life-saving assistance in response to ongoing conflict and displacement in South Sudan and Sudan’s Darfur Region and the Two Areas. USAID/OFDA also met conflict-related needs in the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo and assisted populations impacted by floods in Rwanda.

Insecurity related to the armed group Boko Haram generated population displacement and humanitarian need in West Africa’s Lake Chad Basin, prompting USAID/OFDA to provide more than $178 million to assist affected populations in Nigeria and neighboring countries. USAID/OFDA also facilitated humanitarian interventions in response to the complex emergency in Mali, floods in Sierra Leone and The Gambia, and drought and tropical cyclones in six Southern Africa countries.

In FY 2017, USAID/OFDA maintained Disaster Assistance Responce Teams (DARTs) for the complex crises in Iraq, South Sudan, and Syria and activated a DART to respond to the humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Basin. USAID/OFDA also deployed DARTs to several Caribbean countries following destructive hurricanes, as well as to Mexico in response to an earthquake. USAID/OFDA maintained or stood up corresponding Washington, D.C.-based Response Management Teams (RMTs) to facilitate coordination efforts. The Ethiopia DART and RMT—activated in FY 2016 to respond to drought—demobilized during the fiscal year. Overall, USAID/OFDA provided more than $2 billion in FY 2017, including more than $1.6 billion for disaster response activities. These interventions saved lives while also promoting early recovery and building resilience to future stresses. In FY 2017, USAID/OFDA also contributed nearly $80 million in disaster risk reduction (DRR) funding to help communities across the world prepare for and mitigate the effects of disasters, as well as nearly $113 million for disaster response programs that incorporated DRR activities.

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Last updated: October 12, 2018

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