Endnotes

Speeches Shim

Transforming Development Through Science, Technology & Innovation

i Hopkins, Jack W. (1989). The Eradication of Smallpox: Organizational Learning and Innovation in International Health. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

ii Barquet, N, Domingo P. (1997). Smallpox: The triumph over the most terrible of the ministers of death. Annals of Internal Medicine. 127(8): 635-642.

iii WHO. (n.d.). Smallpox: Historical Significance. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/smallpox/en/

iv Foege, William, Millar, J.D., and D.A. Henderson. Smallpox Eradication in West and Central Africa. Bull. World Health Organ., Vol. 52, 1975, pp.209-222. (page 210) Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2366358/pdf/bullwho00464-008...

v Buck, Alfred; Dyar, Robert; Paffenbarger, Ralph; and Jerome Peterson. (1971). Evaluation of Smallpox Eradication and Measles Control Program, Central and West Africa. APHA and USAID. (page 1). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDAAA548A1.pdf

viThe World Bank. (2000). Applying the Comprehensive Development Framework to USAID Experiences. OED Working Paper Series No. 15. Washington, DC: Fox, James. (page 7). Retrieved from http://lnweb90.worldbank.org/oed/oeddoclib.nsf/DocUNIDViewForJavaSearch/...$file/OEDWP15.pdf

vii Ibid.

viii Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations United States Senate. (1999). Testimony of Dr. David Satcher, Department of Health and Human Services, Global Eradication of Polio and Measles: Hearing before a subcommittee of the committee on appropriations, held on September 23, 1998. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://bulk.resource.org/gpo.gov/hearings/105s/54698.pdf

ix CDC. (n.d.) Smallpox: 30th Anniversary of Global Eradication. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/features/smallpoxeradication

x Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations United States Senate. (1999). Testimony of Dr. David Satcher, Department of Health and Human Services, Global Eradication of Polio and Measles: Hearing before a subcommittee of the committee on appropriations, held on September 23, 1998. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://bulk.resource.org/gpo.gov/hearings/105s/54698.pdf

xi CDC. (n.d.) Smallpox: 30th Anniversary of Global Eradication. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/features/smallpoxeradication

xii WHO. (2008, January). Poliomyelitis: Fact Sheet No. 114. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs114/en/index.html xiii Ibid.

xiv USAID. (n.d.). Polio Eradication Initiative: Program Overview. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/mch/ch/techareas/polio.html#

xv Ibid.

xvi USAID. (n.d.). Frontlines: Vaccines Saved Millions after they were offered to Poor Countries. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/home/News/vaccine_poor.html#

xvii WHO Western Pacific Region. (n.d.). Polio Success Story: The Process of Certification. Retrieved from http://www.wpro.who.int/sites/epi/polio_success/PolioSuccess02XX.htm

xviii WHO Regional Office for Africa. (n.d.). Polio Eradication. Retrieved from http://www.afro.who.int/en/clusters-a-programmes/ard/immunization-and-va...

xix Ibid.

xx WHO. (2006, October). Injection Safety: Misuse and Overuse of Injections Worldwide. Fact Sheet No. 231. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs231/en/

xxi PATH. (2009, May). Technology Solutions for Global Health: SoloShot. Washington, DC: PATH. Retrieved from http://www.path.org/files/TS_update_soloshot.pdf

xxii USAID. (2005, June). Report to Congress: Health-Related Research and Development Activities at USAID. Washington, DC: USAID, Bureau for Global Health. (page 22). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDACF051.pdf

xxiii PATH. (2009, May). Technology Solutions for Global Health: SoloShot. Washington, DC: PATH. Retrieved from http://www.path.org/files/TS_update_soloshot.pdf

xxiv PATH. (2001, December). HealthTech: Techonologies for Health. Washington, DC: PATH and USAID. (page 15). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDABU505.pdf

xxv http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDABU505.pdf

xxvi USAID. (2005, June). Report to Congress: Health-Related Research and Development Activities at USAID. Washington, DC: USAID, Bureau for Global Health. (page 22). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDACF051.pdf

xxvii WHO. (n.d.). VVM History and Milestones. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/immunization_standards/vaccine_quality/VVM_history_mi...

xxviii PATH. (2001, December). HealthTech: Techonologies for Health. Washington, DC: PATH and USAID. (page 15). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDABU505.pdf

xxix USAID. (2005, June). Report to Congress: Health-Related Research and Development Activities at USAID. Washington, DC: USAID, Bureau for Global Health. (page 22). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDACF051.pdf

xxx Kinder, Molly (drafted). (2007). Case 8: Preventing Diarrheal Deaths in Egypt. In Case Studies in Global Health: Millions Saved. (pages 1-2) Boston, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Retrieved from http://www.cgdev.org/doc/millions/MS_case_8.pdf

xxxi USAID. (2009). Two Decades of Progress: USAID’s Child Survival and Maternal Health Program. Washington, DC: USAID. (pages 3-4). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDACN044.pdf

xxxii Kinder, Molly (drafted). (2007). Case 8: Preventing Diarrheal Deaths in Egypt. In Case Studies in Global Health: Millions Saved. (page 4) Boston, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Retrieved from http://www.cgdev.org/doc/millions/MS_case_8.pdf

xxxiii USAID. (n.d.). Control of Diarrheal Diseases. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/mch/ch/techareas/ddcontrol_b...

xxxiv Rehydration Project. (n.d.). Oral Rehydration Therapy: 25 Years of Saving Lives. Retrieved from http://rehydrate.org/ors/25years-saving-lives.htm

xxxv Kinder, Molly (drafted). (2007). Case 8: Preventing Diarrheal Deaths in Egypt. In Case Studies in Global Health: Millions Saved. (page 4) Boston, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Retrieved from http://www.cgdev.org/doc/millions/MS_case_8.pdf

xxxvi USAID. (n.d.). Control of Diarrheal Diseases. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/mch/ch/techareas/ddcontrol_b...

xxxvii WHO. (2006). Improved Formula for Oral Rehydration Salts to Save Children’s Lives. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2006/pr14/en/index.html

xxxviii John Borrazzo, personal communication, August 12, 2010

xxxix Rehydration Project. (n.d.). Zinc and Other Micronutrients. Retrieved from http://rehydrate.org/zinc/index.html

xl USAID. (2009). Two Decades of Progress: USAID’s Child Survival and Maternal Health Program. Washington, DC: USAID. (pages 3-4). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDACN044.pdf

xli John Borrazzo, personal communication, August 12, 2010

xlii USAID. (n.d.). A Record of Accomplishment. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/about_usaid/accompli.html

xliii USAID. (n.d.). A Record of Accomplishment. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/about_usaid/accompli.html

xliv Personal Communication with Jacob Adetunji, September 10, 2010

xlv Cornelius, Richard. (1985). The World Fertility Survey and Its Implications for Future Surveys. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol.1, No.4, 1985, pp.427-433. (page 428) Retrieved from http://www.jos.nu/Articles/abstract.asp?article=14427

xlvi USAID. (2010, July). World Population Day: Why Population Data Matters - Ensuring Families Around the World Have Access to Family Planning. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/pop/news/wpd10.html

xlvii Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. (1996). Data Priorities for Population and Health in Developing Countries: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: Committee on Population, National Research Council. Retrieved from http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=5442&page=3

xlviii Cornelius, Richard. (1985). The World Fertility Survey and Its Implications for Future Surveys. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol.1, No.4, 1985, pp.427-433. (page 428) Retrieved from http://www.jos.nu/Articles/abstract.asp?article=14427

xlix USAID. (2004, March). Demographic and Health Surveys Still Track Fertility and Health Trends After 30 Years. Frontlines, March 2004, page 4. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/press/frontlines/Mar04_FrontLines.pdf

l USAID. (2010, July). World Population Day: Why Population Data Matters - Ensuring Families Around the World Have Access to Family Planning. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/pop/news/wpd10.html li Ibid

lii ICF Macro. (n.d.). MEASURE DHS Demographic and Health Surveys: Quality information to plan, monitor, and improve population, health, and nutrition programs. Calverton, MD: ICF Macro. Retrieved from http://www.measuredhs.com/aboutdhs/document/about_dhs_booklet.pdf

liii USAID. (2009, December 18). USAID Celebrates 25 Years of Demographic and Health Surveys. USAID Press Release. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/press/releases/2009/pr091218.html

liv Brady, James; Becker, Stan; Haaga, John; and Sally Stansfield. (1996, May). Midterm Evaluation of the Demographic and Health Surveys Project (DHS-III). Arlington, VA: Population Technical Assistance Project and USAID. (pages 46-48). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDABM789.pdf

lv Brady, James; Becker, Stan; Haaga, John; and Sally Stansfield. (1996, May). Midterm Evaluation of the Demographic and Health Surveys Project (DHS-III). Arlington, VA: Population Technical Assistance Project and USAID. (pages 46-48). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDABM789.pdf

lvi Brady, James; Becker, Stan; Haaga, John; and Sally Stansfield. (1996, May). Midterm Evaluation of the Demographic and Health Surveys Project (DHS-III). Arlington, VA: Population Technical Assistance Project and USAID. (page 48). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDABM789.pdf

lvii Ayad, Mohamed and Farzaneh Roudi. (2006, May). Fertility Decline and Reproductive Health in Morocco: New DHS Figures. Retrieved from http://www.prb.org/Articles/2006/FertilityDeclineandReproductiveHealthin...

lviii Levine, Ruth. (2007, January). USAID’s Track Record in Family Planning. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development. (page 2). Retrieved from http://www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/11864

lix United States Agency for International Development . (2004, July). USAID Agricultural Strategy: Linking Producers to Markets. (Page 19) Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/ag_strategy_9_04_508.pdf

lx Ibid, 20

lxi Ibid, 20

lxii Ibid.

lxiii United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Pest Resistant Eggplant: India, Bangladesh, Phillipines.Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/BT_eggplant_FS_w...

lxiv United States Agency for International Development. (n.d). Fact Sheet: Insect Resistant Potatoes: South Africa.Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/tuber_moth_potat...

lxvUnited States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Fact Sheet: Pest Resistant Bt cowpea: West Africa. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/BT_Cowpea_FS_web...

lxvi National Pesticide Telecommunications Network. (2000). Bacillus thuringiensis General Fact Sheet. Retrieved from http://npic.orst.edu/factsheets/BTgen.pdf Cranshaw, W.S. (2010). Bacillus thuringiensis. Retrieved from http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/insect/05556.html

lxvii United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Fact Sheet: Pest Resistant Eggplant: India, Bangladesh, Phillipines. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/BT_eggplant_FS_w...

lxviii United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Fact Sheet: Insect Resistant Potatoes: South Africa. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/tuber_moth_potat...

lxix United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Fact Sheet: Pest Resistant Bt cowpea: West Africa.Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/BT_Cowpea_FS_web...

lxx United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Fact Sheet, Disease Resistant Potatoes: South and Southeast Asia. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/LBR_potato_FS_we...

lxxi United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Fact Sheet: Virus Resistant Papaya: the Philippines. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/PRSV_papaya_FS_w...

lxxii United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Fact Sheet: Disease Resistant Banana: E. Africa. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/black_sigatoka_F...

lxxiii United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Virus Resistant Cassava: East Africa. http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/cassava_mosaic_v...

lxxiv United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Fact Sheet, Disease Resistant Potatoes: South and Southeast Asia. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/LBR_potato_FS_we...

lxxv Cornell University. (2010). Agricultural Biotechnology Support Project II: Supporting Agricultural Development through biotechnology. Project Profile: Late Blight Resistant (LBR) Potato. Retrieved from http://www.absp2.cornell.edu/projects/project.cfm?productid=4

lxxvi United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Fact Sheet: Virus Resistant Papaya: the Philippines. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/PRSV_papaya_FS_w...

lxxvii United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Fact Sheet: Disease Resistant Banana: E. Africa. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/black_sigatoka_F...

lxxviii United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Fact Sheet: Disease Resistant Banana: E. Africa. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/black_sigatoka_F...

lxxix United States Agency for International Development. (n.d.). Virus Resistant Cassava: East Africa. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/cassava_mosaic_v...

lxxx United States Agency for International Development. (2009). Agricultural Biotechnology for Development.(Page 2) Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/pdfs/2009/usaid_biotech_broc_eng_090407.pdf

lxxxi United States Agency for International Development. (2004).USAID Fact Sheet on Benefits of Biotech Crops: Include stress resistances, better nutrition, and yields. Retrieved from http://www.america.gov/st/washfile-english/2004/June/20040617104702AKlle...

lxxxii Personal Communication with John McMurdy, September 10, 2010

lxxxiii United States Agency for International Development. (2010). Biotechnology. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/index.html

lxxxiv (J. McMurdy, personal communication, August 2010)

lxxxv United States Agency for International Development. (2010). Biotechnology. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/agriculture/biotechnology/index.html

lxxxvi UNAIDS and WHO. (2009). AIDS Epidemic Update: November 2009. Geneva: UNAIDS. (page 1). Retrieved from http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2009/JC1700_Epi_Update_2009_en.pdf

lxxxvii UNAIDS and WHO. (2009). AIDS Epidemic Update: November 2009. Geneva: UNAIDS. (page 22). Retrieved from http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2009/JC1700_Epi_Update_2009_en.pdf

lxxxviii (J. Spieler, personal communication, August 13, 2010).

lxxxix USAID. (n.d.). HIV/AIDS: Microbicides. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/aids/TechAreas/research/micr...

xc FHI. (2010, July 20). Study of Microbicide Gel Shows Reduced Risk of HIV and Herpes Infections in Women. Retrieved from http://www.fhi.org/en/AboutFHI/Media/Releases/res_CAPRISA.htm

xci USAID. (n.d.). HIV/AIDS: Microbicides. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/aids/TechAreas/research/micr...

xcii Kaiser Family Foundation. (2010, July 20). Safety and Effectiveness of 1% Tenofovir Vaginal Microbicide Gel in South African Women: Results of the CAPRISA 004 Trial (transcript). Presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference, Vienna, Austria. (page 5). Retrieved from http://globalhealth.kff.org/~/media/Images/AIDS2010/Support%20Files/July...

xciii Kaiser Family Foundation. (2010, July 20). Safety and Effectiveness of 1% Tenofovir Vaginal Microbicide Gel in South African Women: Results of the CAPRISA 004 Trial (transcript). Presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference, Vienna, Austria. (page 8). Retrieved from http://globalhealth.kff.org/~/media/Images/AIDS2010/Support%20Files/July...

xciv Kaiser Family Foundation. (2010, July 20). Safety and Effectiveness of 1% Tenofovir Vaginal Microbicide Gel in South African Women: Results of the CAPRISA 004 Trial (transcript). Presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference, Vienna, Austria. (page 10). Retrieved from http://globalhealth.kff.org/~/media/Images/AIDS2010/Support%20Files/July...

xcv Kaiser Family Foundation. (2010, July 20). Safety and Effectiveness of 1% Tenofovir Vaginal Microbicide Gel in South African Women: Results of the CAPRISA 004 Trial (transcript). Presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference, Vienna, Austria. (page 17). Retrieved from http://globalhealth.kff.org/~/media/Images/AIDS2010/Support%20Files/July...

xcvi Jeff Spieler, personal communication, August 13, 2010.

xcvii USAID. (2010, July 20). Microbicide Gel Shows Reduced Risk of HIV Infection in Women. Agency Notice, Executive Message. Retrieved from http://iapp1.usaid.gov/notices/notDetail.cfm?msgid=18904&currmo=7&curryr...

xcviii FHI. (2010, July 20), Study of Microbicide Gel Shows Reduced Risk of HIV and Herpes Infections in Women. Retrieved from http://www.fhi.org/en/AboutFHI/Media/Releases/res_CAPRISA.htm

xcix Kaiser Family Foundation. (2010, July 20). Safety and Effectiveness of 1% Tenofovir Vaginal Microbicide Gel in South African Women: Results of the CAPRISA 004 Trial (transcript). Presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference, Vienna, Austria. (page 17). Retrieved from http://globalhealth.kff.org/~/media/Images/AIDS2010/Support%20Files/July...

c Kaiser Family Foundation. (2010, July 20). Safety and Effectiveness of 1% Tenofovir Vaginal Microbicide Gel in South African Women: Results of the CAPRISA 004 Trial (transcript). Presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference, Vienna, Austria. (pages 17-18). Retrieved from http://globalhealth.kff.org/~/media/Images/AIDS2010/Support%20Files/July...

ci USAID. (n.d.). HIV/AIDS: Microbicides. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/aids/TechAreas/research/micr...

cii USAID. (2010, July 20). Microbicide Gel Shows Reduced Risk of HIV Infection in Women. Agency Notice, Executive Message. Retrieved from http://iapp1.usaid.gov/notices/notDetail.cfm?msgid=18904&currmo=7&curryr...

ciii USAID. (2010, July 20). Microbicide Gel Shows Reduced Risk of HIV Infection in Women. Agency Notice, Executive Message. Retrieved from http://iapp1.usaid.gov/notices/notDetail.cfm?msgid=18904&currmo=7&curryr...

Last updated: January 14, 2014

Share This Page