• National Action Plan for Combating Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis

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  • Through technical assistance led by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and our innovative partnership with Johnson & Johnson, we are scaling up multidrug-resistant TB treatment programs in over 25 countries.

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  • As the lead U.S. Government agency for global TB care, USAID works with partners to reach every person with TB, cure those in need of treatment and prevent new TB infections.

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  • TB and poverty are inextricably linked. Poor individuals are threefold more likely to develop TB, and TB plunges households further into poverty.

Despite being preventable and curable, tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the world’s deadliest diseases. Every year, there are:

9.6 million new cases of TB
1.5 million deaths form TB annually
3.6 million TB cases are missing out on proper care
0.5 million new drug-resistant TB cases

The Global Challenge of TB

  • Two billion people, nearly one-third of the world's population, carry the TB bacterium.
  • Of the 9 million people who get TB each year, almost 4 million are missing out on proper diagnosis and treatment.
  • TB kills nearly 2 million people every year, mostly in the developing world.
  • Drug-resistant TB, a form of TB resistant to treatment with anti-TB drugs, is a growing global health threat.
  • Worldwide, less than half of all individuals diagnosed with drug-resistant TB are being successfully cured.
  • TB is the leading killer of people with HIV, accounting for one in four HIV-related deaths.
USAID’s Key Principles
for Global TB Care
  • Know your epidemic – tailor programs to local settings
  • Target high-risk groups
  • Engage all care providers and facilities
  • Strengthen the capacity of local partners
  • Maximize domestic and private sector resources
  • Support Global Fund grant implementation
  • Support strong monitoring and evaluation
  • Match evidence-based science with innovative approaches

What We Do

At USAID, we focus our investments on strengthening national TB strategies and programs in 23 priority countries with high rates of TB, drug-resistant TB and HIV-associated TB.


USAID works with partner governments to:

  • Prevent TB transmission and renew efforts to find the missing TB cases
  • Strengthen the capacity of national TB programs
  • Build country capacity to use existing resources and to turn evidence into policy
  • Expand the development of new TB diagnostics, drugs and vaccines

Last updated: October 17, 2016

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