Extractive Industry Engagement

Photo of logging with inset photo of a bat, chimpanzee and mouse

The Extractive Industry (mining, petroleum, logging, and agri-business) is closely associated with dynamics and practices that contribute to habitat change, changes in population settlements, and increased population mobility three factors critical to triggering the “spill-over” of a new infectious disease in remote “hot spot” areas and its “amplification and spread” into highly connected population settlements.

USAID’s Emerging Pandemic Threats 2 program continues to engage the extractive industry and associated stakeholders to develop industry-accepted mitigation and preparedness approaches to lower the risk of emerging infectious diseases.

Private Sector Audit and Planning Tools

EPT partners drafted two documents to help private sector companies detect whether work site conditions favor emergence and spread of zoonotic diseases such as Lassa, Marburg, and Ebola fevers.

Audit: Work Site Assessment Tool for Operating Facilities

The Audit Checklist to Reduce Potential Exposure to Emerging Infectious Diseases [PDF, 1.2MB] is a series of checklists designed for Environment, Health, and Safety Officers to evaluate potential exposure pathways to zoonotic disease exposure, specifically associated with pest animals, on-site infrastructure, worker and community health, hunting and bushmeat, and habitat management. Each checklist has corresponding mitigation measures to be considered to address any identified vulnerabilities. Although the checklists are focused on zoonotic diseases, the identified vulnerabilities and mitigation measures may also apply to broader health issues, both at the worker and community levels.

Planning: Guidelines for Adding Zoonotic Diseases to Health Impact Assessments

The Guidance for Inclusion of Emerging Infectious Disease in Health and Environmental Impact Assessments [PDF, 1.8MB] provides a step-by-step guide to incorporate an evaluation of emerging infectious diseases of zoonotic origin into a health or environmental impact assessment. This document is designed to be used by those who are designing large scale projects in areas where zoonotic diseases are known to be present. It includes a screening questionnaire for the user to determine whether they need the assessment and assists in the development of a mitigation strategy.

Photo of cultivated farm land right up against tropical forest

Additional Resources

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: May 07, 2018

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