Global Health

  • Learn more about USAID's work on positive youth development and strategic youth programs to achieve an AIDS-free generation.

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  • Learn more about the significant presence USAID and our partners have at AIDS 2016, the 21st International AIDS Conference, happening in Durban, South Africa July 18-22, 2016.

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  • World Population Day 2016: Family Planning for the World’s Youth Promotes Peace, Health and Prosperity

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  • The 2016 Acting on the Call Report examines how an equity-based approach can save the lives of 8 million women and children from the poorest 40 percent of the population by 2020.

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  • Just Released: The U.S. Government Global Nutrition Coordination Plan 2016-2021

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ASPIRES program counsellor, Rebecca Ledwaba, explains the importance of Vhutshilo and Financial Literacy.
Increasing Financial Security for Vulnerable South Africans
Panel: Transforming Global Health through Evidence and Partnerships
Panel: Transforming Global Health through Evidence and Partnerships
A nurse gives a child an immunization shot while his mother holds him.
Tanzania Reduces Infant Mortality With Lifesaving Vaccines

According to the most recent estimates from UNICEF, 5.9 million children died in 2015.

The year before, 289,000 women died during pregnancy or childbirth and there were 390,000 new HIV infections in children, with the odds in life already stacked against them. Infectious, life-threatening diseases like pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria are further exacerbated by endemic rates of malnutrition and poor access to health services.

While the death of a mother is a tragedy in itself, it has devastating effects for the survival of her children, the economic stability of the family, and the productivity of the community. Children who are healthy avoid permanent disability and spend more time in school. Healthy children grow into healthy adults, who miss fewer days of work, earn more wages, and contribute to strong economies.

We’ve seen extraordinary progress over the last 50 years, as child mortality rates around the world have declined by 70 percent. In just the last two decades, 50 million children were saved, and people are living 21 years longer on average.

USAID is a vital part of that progress.

Our long-term investments in maternal and neonatal health and voluntary family planning have been paying dividends, among them:

  • In 24 countries where we've been heavily involved, maternal mortality declined by 40 to 65 percent.
  • Eleven of the President’s Malaria Initiative focus countries have had reductions in childhood mortality rates, which ranged from 16 to 50 percent. 
  • In one year, USAID-supported programs provided 29 million infants and children with vitamin A supplementation in six countries.

Today, the global community has the knowledge and the tools to do much more.

  • New vaccines against diarrhea and pneumonia, bed nets to protect against malaria, nutrition supplements for pregnant women and young children and a host of similar low-cost, life-saving technologies could save nearly 6 million children a year.
  • At the same time, our family planning programs enable women to have children at their healthiest times, so that both the mother and infant are more likely to survive.

If we can reach children and their mothers with these simple interventions, then we can help achieve the incredible goal of ending preventable child and maternal deaths.

To help realize this vision, we’re making strategic investments that contribute to:

  • Reducing maternal mortality by 30 percent
  • Reducing under-five child mortality by 35 percent
  • Preventing 54 million unintended pregnancies
  • Halving the burden of malaria for 450 million people, representing 70 percent of the at-risk population in Africa

Learn more about A Promise Renewed, the 5th Birthday CampaignGlobal Health Initiative and our work with a wide array of partners to end preventable child deaths.

Related Resources


Last updated: August 22, 2016

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