West African Seed Program (WASP)


Life of Project:Expand the production and supply of quality certified seeds by increasing the capacity of the private sector and existing seed alliances and institutions in West Africa.


Total USAID Funding:

9,000,000 USD

Geographic Scope:

Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal (main activities). Seed policy and regulations also cover Mauritania, Chad, Cape Verte, Cote d’Ivoire, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Togo.

Program Description:

One of the largest constraints to productivity in West African agriculture is the inefficiency of the regional seed system. In response, the USAID/West African Seed Program (WASP) was initiated in 2012 through USAID’s regional partner, the West and Central African Council for Agricultural Research and Development (CORAF/WECARD).  WASP’s goal is to increase the production of quality-improved certified seeds in West Africa’s seed supply from 12% to 25%.  The West African seed value chain lacked strong linkages between seed producers, certifiers and farmers. Thus WASP works to facilitate such links by recognizing the relationship between public and private sector entities, and the central role of the private sector in the development of more standard quality seeds. WASP also increases the coordination capacity of regional seed networks including national seed associations, which is critical to the long-term success of a robust and quality regional seed supply.

The WASP program helps farmers to access higher quality seeds that improve yields and are resistant to pests and drought.  Through its close partnership with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), WASP also encourages intra-regional trade by harmonizing regional seed standards and policies.

Program Components:

• Establishment and support of networks of plant breeders, quality controllers, certification personnel and West African members of the African Seed Trade Association (AFSTA).
• Effective implementation of a regional seed policy, facilitating seed trade between ECOWAS Member States.
• Production of sufficient quantities of improved-quality seed to meet breeders’ demand to expand certified seed production.
• Development of a strong West African private sector, able to ensure the supply of certified seeds of standard quality.
• Capacity building of the National Seed Trade Association (ANCS), allowing it to fully play its role as a seed industry leader.

Expected Outcomes:

• An increase in the supply of certified seeds from 10-12 percent of total supply to 25 percent of total supply by 2017.
• The establishment of an inclusive and operational Alliance for Seed Industry in West Africa (ASIWA).
• The development of a National Quarantine Pest List for Togo, Benin and Ghana.


Last updated: August 06, 2014

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