Vietnam Country Profile

Despite Vietnam’s dramatic economic transformation into a lower middle-income country in 2010, a variety of development challenges threaten continued inclusive economic growth and hamper Vietnam’s further integration into the global economy. USAID aims to overcome these barriers and develop a prosperous, self-reliant, and independent Vietnam that contributes to international security; engages in free, fair and reciprocal trade; and respects human rights and the rule of law.


Vietnam’s commitment to fostering inclusive growth and prosperity has underpinned strong economic growth rates over the past two decades, drastically reducing poverty rates from nearly 60 percent of the population in the 1990s to under five percent in 2018. Nevertheless, key challenges to sustainable growth remain. USAID programs in Vietnam bolster continued development by strategically focusing resources where they are needed most – to strengthen economic governance; expand access to quality higher education; control transmission of HIV/AIDS and address threats to global health security; improve the welfare of persons with disabilities; and address environmental challenges, including biodiversity conservation and dioxin contamination.

Issuing Country 
Wednesday, August 15, 2018 - 6:15am

Last updated: October 26, 2018