Fighting Corruption

A poster from a USAID - supported anti-corruption public service campaign by Transparency International – Ukraine to highlight that nobody should use corruption to their advantage.
A poster from a USAID - supported anti-corruption public service campaign by Transparency International – Ukraine to highlight that nobody should use corruption to their advantage.

THE CHALLENGE:

Since Euromaidan, continued political, economic, and social reform is at risk because the Government of Ukraine (GoU) has a weak capacity to fight corruption in an environment of limited citizen oversight and high tolerance for corruption in daily life.

In the past three years a vibrant Ukrainian civil society and key GoU reformers have passed foundational legislation, established structures for combating corruption, implemented a transparent, publicly-available asset declaration system for government officials and applicants, installed open data and open governance systems, and implemented e-procurement for greater transparency.

Despite this tangible progress, gains are fragile.  In its November 2016 Barometer of World Corruption document, Transparency International reported that 70% of Ukrainians think corruption in Ukraine has not decreased, while 86% of Ukrainians have a negative view of the GoU’s efforts to fight corruption.

ACHIEVEMENTS:

  • Strengthened the organizational capacity of over 200 Ukrainian civil society organizations to expose and fight corruption.
  • Supported legislation to create the National Anti-Corruption Bureau, the Specialized Anti-corruption Prosecutor Office, and the National Agency for the Prevention of Corruption.
  • Supported improvements to ProZorro, helping to create greater transparency and efficiency in public procurement.

OVERVIEW:

USAID seeks to reduce opportunities for corruption in Ukraine to improve the country’s economic growth, democratic governance, and national security.

Three years since the Revolution of Dignity, systemic corruption impacts all aspects of Ukrainian life.  It continues to compromise the judiciary and police force, hampers economic growth and investment, leads to low public confidence in the government and its institutions, and increases vulnerability to outside influence and aggression.  

USAID programs work across the spectrum of Ukrainian society, including with the media, civil society, and Government of Ukraine (GoU) institutions at both the national and local levels.  USAID has stand-alone, anti-corruption programs as well as anti-corruption efforts built into our programs across our democracy, health and economic growth portfolios.

TARGETED ANTI-CORRUPTION PROJECTS:

The Support to Anti-Corruption Champion Institutions (SACCI) program will assist the GoU in fighting corruption through support to institutional champions of reform.  The program seeks to empower key government institutions to fight corruption, increase public support for and engagement in anti-corruption efforts, and reduce public tolerance of corrupt practices.

The Transparency and Accountability in Public Adminstration and Services program provides e-governance tools to GoU that reduce opportunities for corruption at all levels.  Efforts are focused on improving e-procurement, supporting Open Data, and implementing citizen-based e-Services. USAID’s Enhance Non-Governmental Actors and Grassroots Engagement (ENGAGE) program is increasing citizen awareness of, and engagement in, civic actions at the national, regional and local levels, with a focus on improving civil society’s ability to advocate for anti-corruption reform.  The ENGAGE program’s objectives are to enhance civic education, support civic coalitions and initiatives at the national, regional and local levels, improve the organizational capacity of partner civil society organizations, and ensure long-term civic engagement in democratic reforms.   

CROSS-CUTTING ANTI-CORRUPTION EFFORTS:

In the justice sector, the USAID New Justice Program supports efforts that promote judicial independence, accountability and integrity in line with international and European standards. This includes assistance in establishing an anti-corruption court to handle high profile corruption cases complementing existing institutions combating corruption. USAID provides technical support to the Government, Judiciary and civil society, including providing comparative materials on anti-corruption courts worldwide and conducting public discussions to raise awareness and support for establishing an anti-corruption court in Ukraine.

In the education sector, USAID supports greater transparency at the Ministry of Education through the Ukrainian Transparent Education and Management Alliance (UTEMA) project.  As a result of this project’s work, decisions made by the ministry will be more accessible to the public for open discussion.  

In the health sector, USAID fights corruption in pharmaceutical procurement leading to significant cost savings, increased transparency, and greater availability of life-saving treatments for Ukrainian citizens.  As a result of legislation supported by USAID funded partners, pharmaceutical products must now be procured through ProZorro, a government-run e-procurement system.  This reform resulted in over $34 million in savings to the GoU in 2016 pharmaceutical procurements.

In the financial sector, USAID’s Financial Sector Transformation (FST) program will improve confidence in the banking sector and transform the financial regulatory environment.  Corruption through insider abuse of the financial system can be countered by implementing legal and regulatory checks and balances.

In the agricultural sector, USAID will work to ensure that agriculture policies are more objective and favorable for the whole market, and increase transparency in land market transactions through USAID’s Agriculture and Rural Development Support (ARDS) program

In the energy sector, USAID’s Municipal Energy Reform Project (MERP) focuses on enhancing Ukraine's energy security, including improving the energy regulatory and legislative enabling environment, resulting in reduced opportunity for corruption in the sector.  Through MERP, which will be completed by September 2017, the USAID will support efforts to change rules and procedures in the municipal utility tariff setting.   USAID plans to launch a $90 million, five-year Energy Security Program through Competitive Energy Markets in 2017.  Through the program, USAID will help reduce corruption in the energy sector by establishing transparent regulatory accounting, increasing transparency in pricing, and ensuring open competition for energy generation and supply.

Last updated: December 15, 2017

Share This Page