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Working in Crises and Conflict

Uganda crisis
Cash-for-work programs help create stability in recovering communities
Kaarli Sundsmo/USAID


Until recently, internal conflict and regional turmoil undermined Uganda's prospects for development, stability and prosperity. USAID’s conflict mitigation and reconciliation program has made significant contributions to the return of peace recovery and development to Northern Uganda affected by the 23-year Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) insurgency, and addresses conflict in the northeast region of Karamoja. While peace has begun to solidify in LRA-affected areas, and violent conflicts in other regions have decreased, Uganda still has underlying conditions that could result in conflict such as grievances over land, oil and ethnic divisions.

Conflict Mitigation and Prevention

Uganda continues to recover from the protracted conflict instigated by the Lord’s Resistance Army that distorted social and economic development, especially in the north. In addition, the Karamoja region is slowly recovering from decades of recurrent conflict between ethnic groups characterized by violent livestock raids. Although relative peace has emerged in the two regions, underlying grievances over land rights, discovery of oil, political processes and ethnic divisions provide fertile ground for potential new conflicts.

USAID is working to mitigate this possibility by facilitating the resolution of land conflicts, promoting reconciliation, addressing the root causes of emerging conflicts, and supporting dialogues and capacity building among local government institutions and civil society. 

In 2010, USAID helped over 17,000 Ugandans in the LRA-affected areas of northern Uganda mitigate the causes and consequences of conflict through 30 small grants to promote peace building, reconciliation and access to justice.

In Karamoja, USAID has supported peace committees as key mechanisms for promoting community mobilization, sensitization and dialogue. USAID also supports targeted local government structures, community-based organizations, and traditional institutions to promote reconciliation and prevent and manage conflict over land, water and cattle raids.   

Last updated: November 20, 2015

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