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As part of a comprehensive approach to nutrition through both Feed the Future and the Global Health Initiative, USAID reduces rates of chronic under-nutrition and maternal anemia through stronger integrated health and agriculture programs and services at the district and community levels. 

USAID focuses its efforts in areas with high rates of chronic malnutrition. In these areas, half of all children are undernourished. In Tanzania as a whole, more than 58 percent of pregnant women are affected by maternal iron deficiency, which increases their risk of death during childbirth. Key factors driving under-nutrition in these regions include: the lack of diverse and quality diets at the household level, inadequate access to health services (including water, sanitation, and hygiene), and poor caring and feeding practices. 

USAID helps to improve household nutrition by supporting the government in the development of a national education platform that will promote dietary diversity. USAID is scaling up social and behavior change efforts to improve infant and young child feeding practices, including exclusive breastfeeding, complementary feeding, hand washing and micronutrient supplementation to prevent iron and vitamin A deficiencies. USAID also works with the private sector to fortify staple foods, such as wheat, maize, flour and edible oil.

USAID’s nutrition programming is fully aligned with the Government of Tanzania’s National Nutrition Strategy, and supports the government in meaningfully integrating nutrition in to agricultural interventions. 

Last updated: April 12, 2016

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