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Fact Sheets

This is a listing of our current activities in Tanzania. You can navigate to the fact sheet section below using the following links:


USAID/Tanzania Overview

Tanzania has one of Africa’s fastest growing economies with nearly 7 percent annual GDP growth since 2000. While the Tanzanian economy has grown by leaps and bounds, widespread poverty persists with over 46 percent of the population living on less than $1.90 per day. USAID programs in Tanzania are consistent with U.S. foreign policy and the Government of Tanzania’s national development goals. By empowering Tanzanian women and youth, achieving inclusive, broad-based, and sustainable economic growth, and improving effective democratic governance, these programs aim to advance Tanzania’s socioeconomic transformation toward middle-income status by 2025.

USAID/Tanzania Activity Briefer

Please click on the above link for summaries of USAID/Tanzania's implementing mechanisms.


Agriculture & Food Security


Overview: Agriculture and Food Security

The agriculture sector—which contributes nearly one-third of Tanzania's GDP and employs 75 percent of country's population—has the potential to increase incomes and improve livelihoods. With these goals in mind, Feed the Future – the United States Government’s global hunger and food security initiative – aims to reduce poverty and improve nutrition by supporting Tanzanian-led plans. This includes investing 80 percent of Feed the Future resources in the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT), a region the Government of Tanzania has identified as having the potential to make a significant contribution to the economic growth of the country. The remaining 20 percent focuses on development activities on the Zanzibar islands as well as in Manyara and Dodoma. 

Overview: Nutrition

As part of a comprehensive approach to nutrition, USAID focuses on reducing the prevalence of chronic undernutrition and maternal anemia in Tanzania through integrated health and agriculture programs and services at the district and community levels. Key nutrition investments include: 1) Strengthening of Government of Tanzania institutions and civil society organizations (CSOs) responsible for nutrition; 2) Scaling up social and behavior change efforts to improve infant and young child feeding practices; and 3) Increasing access to a healthy, diverse diet for mothers and children. USAID’s nutrition programming is fully aligned with the Government of Tanzania’s National Multi-sectoral Nutrition Action Plan (2016-2021).

Feed the Future Tanzania Advancing Youth

Tanzanian youth have the potential to play a key role in the economic development of their country, but for the 800,000 young people who enter the Tanzanian workforce each year, employment remains a challenge. The Feed the Future Tanzania Advancing Youth activity connects youth to entrepreneurship training, technical skills building, leadership development, healthy lifestyle cultivation, and employment opportunities.

Africa Rising - Phase II

The activity collaborates with the Feed the Future Tanzania Nafaka ("Grains") activity to address persistent constraints to smallholder agricultural productivity and rural well-being in three focus regions (Morogoro, Iringa and Mbeya). This includes introducing resilient crop varieties, diversifying and increasing food supply and income sources, improving nutrition, and addressing soil and land degradation.

Feed the Future Tanzania ASPIRES

The Agriculture Sector Policy and Institutional Reforms Strengthening (ASPIRES) project works to accelerate Tanzania’s adoption of more effective policies and programs in order to drive growth of the agricultural sector, improve household food security and nutrition, and reduce poverty.

Capacity Building in Agriculture

The Capacity Building in Agriculture activity supports the government of Tanzania to improve data collection and information dissemination, and connect key actors in the agricultural sector to develop income-generating activities for smallholder farmers.

Feed the Future Tanzania Enabling Growth through Investment and Enterprise

The public and private sectors play a significant role in driving Tanzania’s economic development and growth. The Enabling Growth through Investment and Enterprise (ENGINE) Program facilitates the review and reform of regulatory, informational, and financial channels that support business growth and investment in the southern agricultural regions of Mbeya, Morogoro, and Iringa, as well as Zanzibar.

Feed the Future Tanzania Land Tenure Assistance

The activity clarifies and documents land ownership, increases local understanding of land use and land rights, and supports land use planning. As a result of the activity's interventions, district and village land institutions will be empowered in target areas to carry forward the capacity-building and land administration process independently, with little or no outside financial support.

Feed the Future Tanzania Mboga na Matunda

The Mboga na Matunda activity works toward making the horticulture subsector more competitive and inclusive while improving the nutritional status of Tanzanians by scaling improved technologies and practices that lead to increased productivity of smallholders, including women and youth, in targeted commodities; scaling market system models able to reach large numbers of direct and indirect beneficiaries, including vulnerable populations, while increasing trade for targeted commodities; and strengthening the overall capacity of the horticulture industry.

Feed the Future Tanzania Nafaka

Rice and maize are important staple crops in Tanzania, produced primarily by small-scale farmers. Feed the Future Tanzania Nafaka (“grain” in Kiswahili) encourages the successful adoption of improved technologies and agricultural practices that improve productivity, competitiveness, and nutrition for targeted smallholders.

Lishe Endelevu (Sustainable Nutrition)

Despite progress and government support, undernutrition remains a significant problem in Tanzania. USAID will continue to the national goal of reducing stunting in children by reducing stunting in children under age 5 in four target regions; increasing the proportion of women of reproductive age consuming a diet with a minimum acceptable diversity of foods, and increasing the proportion of children age 6-23 months receiving a diet with a minimum acceptable frequency of feeding and diversity of foods.


Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance


Overview: Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance

USAID's programs build on previous work to counter closing civic and political space, bolster freedom of expression, improve the advocacy and communication capabilities of local organizations, promote transparent and accountable systems free from corruption, and strengthen human rights among vulnerable populations. These activities aim to achieve four sub-purposes: 1) improving the ability of targeted media and civil society organizations (CSOs) to provide more accurate and impartial information; 2) strengthening partner CSO capacities in targeted issue areas; 3) enriching platforms for dialogue that promote inclusive civic participation; and 4) improving citizen participation and oversight of elections and political processes. Additionally, USAID activities promote awareness of ethics regulations and target greater participation of women and youth in political processes. 

Boresha Habari - Media and Civil Society Strengthening 

The USAID Boresha Habari (“Better News”) activity supports an open, inclusive environment in which media and civil society provide accurate and impartial information that promotes participation, inclusion, and accountability. A core focus of this activity is to engage and empower women and youth. The goal is to elevate their voices, influence, and issues in the public sphere as both producers and consumers of information.

Economic Growth and Trade


Overview: Economic Growth

USAID works closely with the Government of Tanzania to implement activities that promote increased trade. USAID's trade and investment hubs are designed to reinforce regional and bilateral efforts to strengthen Africa's economic competitiveness and assist countries to take greater advantage of the trade opportunities provided by the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and other global trade initiatives. The trade and investment hub programs include trade capacity building, improvements to the private sector and enabling environment, better market access and opportunities, trade facilitation, food security programs, and export promotion support for African products. Through Feed the Future, USAID promotes policies that provide an enabling environment for private sector investment in agriculture, create more consistent makret plicies, promote gender equity within the sector, improve total productivity, and enable the implementation of key nutritional interventions. 

East Africa Trade and Investment Hub (The Hub)

The USAID Hub partners with East African and U.S. businesses to attract investment that transforms the East African Private sector into vibrant global trading partners. To ensure that Tanzania continues to attract and maintain investment, the Hub provides customized technical assistance and training to the Tanzania Investment Commission, building the agency's ability to profile investment opportunities and facilitate deals.

Investment Support Program

The activity provides strategic planning and technical support to ministries, departments, agencies, and other institutions directly engaged in enabling agribusiness investment. Examples of support provided include analysis of issues regarding agribusiness investment opportunities, preparing briefs that recommend policy reforms encouraging investment, and work planning for assisted institutions.


Education


Overview: Education

USAID’s education portfolio supports improving student outcomes in reading in Kiswahili, the local language, for grades one through four. To achieve this objective, USAID is working at the national, district, and ward levels—and to some degree the regional level—to build the capacity of Tanzanian government institutions such as the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology and the President’s Office for Regional Administration and Local Government on several policy and institutional issues. This means (1) working with key stakeholders on teacher guides, student materials, and the training to use them; (2) building coaching and mentoring support for teachers; and (3) collecting data that will enable decision-making based on sound evidence and research. USAID also supports increasing adolescent girls’ enrollment and retention in secondary school in Tanzania.

Tusome Pamoja (Read Together)

The USAID Tusome Pamoja activity aims to improve the quality of early grade basic skills instruction, strengthen skills delivery systems, and increase engagement of parents and communities in education. The activity operates in five focus regions to target more than 1.4 million students in grades one through four, as well as 26,000 teachers.

Waache Wasome (Let Them Learn)

Waache Wasome (“Let Them Learn”) is a five-year activity which aims to increase adolescent girls’ participation and retention in secondary school. Waache Wasome’s efforts are rooted in the principle of empowering girls to create and achieve goals for their future, while addressing the social/gender norms, economic barriers, and violence that constrain their ability to remain and excel in school.


Environment


Overview: Environment

Tanzania is endowed with abundant natural resources and has prioritized protecting its rich biodiversity by placing more than 32 percent of its land area under protection. However, Tanzania remains one of the world’s poorest countries, with the majority of the poor living in rural areas. It is estimated that up to 80 percent of Tanzania’s rural population relies on use of natural resources to sustain a livelihood, which makes stewardship of these resources a fundamental priority for Tanzania’s continued stability and growth. Recognizing that the drivers of poverty and biodiversity loss are linked, USAID partners with the government and people of Tanzania to improve environmental governance and management at a landscape scale, including building the nation’s capacity to reduce wildlife trafficking. This strategy involves developing and implementing key national environmental policies while supporting community-based conservation initiatives.  

Endangered Ecosystems of Northern Tanzania

The Endangered Ecosystems of Northern Tanzania activity contributes to securing the health and connectivity of the Tarangire/Maasai Steppe ecosystem—which is critical to pastoralist communities, large migratory wildlife populations, and Tanzania’s economic future—and supports improved coordination, communication, and collaboration between organizations, government, and communities working within this ecosystem. 

International Technical Assistance Program

The International Technical Assistance Program, led by the U.S. Department of the Interior with assistance from USAID, addresses wildlife trafficking in Tanzania that threatens the country’s rich biodiversity. 

Landscape Conservation in Western Tanzania

Partnering with the Jane Goodall Institute, the Landscape Conservation in Western Tanzania activity works to protect endangered chimpanzee populations, safeguard their habitat through effective land use planning, and empower local communities by supporting more productive livelihoods in the Gombe-Masito-Ugalla ecosystem. This ecosystem contains over 90% of Tanzania’s estimated 2,200 chimpanzees.

Promoting Tanzania's Environment, Conservation, and Tourism (PROTECT)

The USAID PROTECT project addresses the dynamics that threaten biodiversity conservation and inhibit private sector-led tourism growth by strengthening Tanzanian organizations that are, or should be, at the forefront of wildlife and conservation policy reform and implementation. The activities center on integrated and overlapping interventions that support and strengthen capacity for biodiversity conservation. 


Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment


Overview: Gender and Youth

USAID/Tanzania’s gender equality and youth inclusion project, or Tumaini (“Hope”), serves the critical unifying role of integrating gender equality, women’s empowerment, and youth inclusion across a broad range of USAID activities. Such efforts focus on strengthening the national-level enabling environment for women and youth, increasing the promotion of women’s equality and youth inclusion at the local government and community levels, and ensuring that Tanzanian women and youth are healthier, better educated, and more productive. Tumaini encompasses activities focused on youth empowerment in agriculture, providing friendly and accessible health services, ensuring girls enroll in and complete secondary school, and integrating human rights and social inclusion programming.


Global Health


Overview: Global Health

The United States and Tanzania have collaborated for decades to address critical health needs, with a focus on quality integrated services, health systems strengthening, and healthy behaviors. These efforts support Tanzania’s commitment to improve health outcomes and health care services, focusing on efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability. USAID’s work with the Government of Tanzania includes programs to address HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, family planning, reproductive health, nutrition, global health security, and maternal, newborn, and child health.

Family Planning

Family planning is key to Tanzania’s broad-based development, saves lives by helping reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, and increases newborn and child survival rates. USAID began supporting family planning in Tanzania in the late 1980s with a focus on increasing the prevalence rate of modern contraceptives, proving instrumental in building Tanzania’s national program. USAID’s family planning programs are integrated with other health services and non-health programs which contribute to the U.S. Government and Tanzania Government goals of reducing maternal mortality and improving child survival.

HIV/AIDS

According to UNAIDS, adult HIV prevalence in Tanzania is estimated at 4.7 percent, with regional HIV prevalence ranging from 0.2 percent (Zanzibar) to 15.4 percent (Njombe). Tanzania’s goal is to reach HIV epidemic control by 2020, with 90 percent of people living with the disease aware of their HIV status, 90 percent of those testing positive placed on continuous HIV treatment, and 90 percent of those on treatment reaching viral suppression. In support of these objectives, USAID works to mitigate the impact and spread of Tanzania’s generalized HIV epidemic in partnership with the Government of Tanzania, other U.S. Government agencies, and a wide range of implementing partners through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

Immunizations

Vaccines are one of the most cost-effective and lasting health investments, playing a vital role in reducing child mortality. The United States is one of the largest donors to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI), committing more than $1.2 billion over the last 12 years to expand access to vaccines in the world’s poorest countries. Of this, over $250 million has gone to Tanzania since 2000. USAID has continued its commitment to reducing vaccine preventable deaths through support to the Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP) since 2014, which is providing technical assistance to improve Tanzania’s routine immunization coverage for each annual birth cohort of over 1.8 million children.

Maternal and Child Health

USAID’s maternal and child health programs in Tanzania support activities in line with the Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Mortality Initiative, which prioritizes improved health for the most vulnerable women, girls, newborns, and children under five. At the national level, USAID provides technical assistance to the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children on the mainland and Zanzibar to enable the delivery of life-saving interventions for mothers, newborns, and children. Examples include developing clinical guidelines for preterm labor, treating newborn sepsis, introducing new vaccines, and deploying community health workers. Recent efforts with the Ministry of Health have focused on creating a framework for respectful maternity care.

President's Malaria Initiative in Tanzania

The U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) strives to reduce malaria deaths and substantially decrease malaria prevalence with the long-term goal of elimination. With support from PMI and its partners, malaria control interventions are being scaled up and critical commodities are being distributed to vulnerable populations. PMI employs an integrated approach emphasizing prevention through insecticide-treated bed nets, indoor residual spraying, and prevention of malaria in pregnancy. Disease control is also emphasized through prompt diagnosis and correct treatment, strengthened malaria surveillance, developing human resources capacity, and promoting positive behaviors for malaria prevention and case management.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) closely follows HIV and malaria as a major cause of illness and mortality in Tanzania, which is among the 30 highest-burden countries for TB and TB/HIV coinfection. USAID’s tuberculosis strategy in Tanzania supports the National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Program (NTLP) to address systemic and operational challenges to preventing, detecting, and treating the disease. This includes improving access to quality, patient-centered care for TB, TB/HIV, and multidrug-resistant TB; preventing transmission and disease progression; and strengthening Tanzania’s TB platforms to reduce reliance on external financial and technical support.

Advancing Partners and Communities

The USAID Advancing Partners and Communities (APC) project provides family planning technical and financial assistance to the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly, and Children and the President’s Office – Regional Administration and Local Government.

AIDS-Free Generataion - Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Program

The Strengthening High Impact Interventions for an AIDS-Free Generation (AIDSFree) Program will ensure sustainable Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) and early infant male circumcision (EIMC) services that are embedded in the public health system and maintain 80 percent coverage after the project ends.

AIDSFree Strengthening Police and Prison Comprehensive HIV Services Project 

The AIDSFreeTanzania Strengthening Police and Prison Comprehensive HIV Services Project (SPPCHS) works to improve HIV and TB prevention, treatment, care, and support services within 55 high-volume police and prison healthcare facilities.

Boresha Afya: Lake/Western Zone

The USAID Boresha Afya("Improve Health") Lake/Western Zone project partners with the Government of Tanzania to increase access to high-quality, comprehensive, and integrated health services through a package encompassing reproductive, malaria, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health services.

Boresha Afya: North & Central Zone

The USAID Boresha Afya ("Improve Health") – North & Central Zone project mitigates a number of challenges facing the six focus regions, which have the highest tuberculosis (TB) prevalence in the country, and greater unmet need for family planning than the national average in all but one of the six regions.

Boresha Afya: Southern Zone

Boresha Afya - Southern Zone utilizes a client-centered approach to deliver services in geographic areas with high prevalence of HIV, TB, Malaria, and unmet needs for family planning and maternal/child health services.

Community Health and Social Welfare Systems Strengthening Program

The Community Health and Social Welfare Systems Strengthening Program (CHSSP) implements its activities in line with the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) goals to assist the Government of Tanzania (GoT) in controlling the HIV epidemic through a systems strengthening approach. 

Evidence to Action

In partnership with the Government of Tanzania, The Nature Conservancy, and other partners, the Evidence to Action program integrates population, health, and environmental interventions to address challenges facing communities in the Greater Mahale Ecosystem and the Northern Rangelands of Tanzania.

Kizazi Kipya

Kizazi Kipya maximizes opportunities to generate demand for HIV services, reduces barriers to access and uptake of HIV services, ensures tracking to address missed HIV appointments, and facilitates effective bi-directional HIV and OVC referrals to ensure completion.

Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP)

By introducing and expanding high-impact and sustainable interventions, MCSP is increasing access to and utilization of services across the continuum of care, from the hospital to the community and from pre-pregnancy through postnatal care.

Mobilizing Maternal Health

The activity is a public private partnership that reduces maternal mortality and morbidity by addressing three key delays to providing quality maternal health care in Tanzania. These include: (a) the ability of women and health care workers to recognize danger signs and seek timely prenatal/postnatal health services, (b) availability of transportation, especially for those requiring emergency obstetric care, and (c) lack of adequately staffed and equipped facilities able to promptly respond to the needs of pregnant women, particularly those at risk.

Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) for Vulnerable Families

The activity is Tanzania-led and supported by numerous development partners. By supporting PSSN, USAID is working to increase the Tanzania Social Action Fund's (TASAF) effectiveness in delivering well-targeted and integrated social safety net services to Tanzania's poorest and most vulnerable citizens, including orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) and people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV). The target is to reach 1.2 million households (totaling 5.7 milion people). The activity complements USAID activities implemented under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in support of OVC and PLHIV.

Results-Based Financing 

The activity is a Government of Tanzania program that incentivizes improved quality of services at participating health facilities and encourages enhanced support from regional and council health management teams.

Sauti Project

Sauti ("Voices") Project is a five-year, USAID-funded effort to help Tanzania’s Ministry of Health and the Tanzania Commission for AIDS operationalize the new National Guidelines for Comprehensive Package of HIV Interventions for Key Populations, which will direct the provision of health and HIV services among vulnerable demographics.

Sauti Yetu

The Sauti Yetu ‘Our Voice’ program seeks to engage people living with HIV in the response to HIV in Tanzania through the National Council of People Living with HIV in Tanzania (NACOPHA). The program focuses on increasing HIV testing services through referrals and linkages to health services, as well as retention and adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART). Sauti Yetu engages HIV-positive individuals and groups in service delivery.

Sustaining Health Outcomes through the Private Sector (SHOPS Plus)

SHOPS Plus is a USAID leading initiative in private sector health. The project mobilizes international and local private sector expertise and resources to develop sustainable solutions to public healthcare needs in Tanzania. The activity works to increase the provision of priority health products and services in Tanzania through strategic expansion of private sector approaches.

Tulonge Afya

The USAID Tulonge Afya ("Let's Talk about Health") activity works to improve health status, especially of women and youth, through the promotion of positive health practices in households and communities. Tulonge Afya catalyzes opportunities for Tanzanians to improve their health status by addressing sociocultural norms and supporting the adoption of healthier behaviors.

USAID Social Enterprise Activity (USESA)

The USAID Social Enterprise Activity (USESA) works to improve the health status and sustain economic growth in Tanzania by preventing the spread of disease (particularly HIV/AIDS) and unwanted pregnancies.

VectorLink

The President's Malaria Initiative VectorLink project sprays in seven districts within Kagera: Ngara, Missenyi, Chato, Bukoba Rural, Buchosa, Kakonko, and Nyang'hwale. The districts to be sprayed in Zanzibar are jointly determined with the Zanzibar Malaria Elimination Program (ZAMEP) and PMI Tanzania.


Water and Sanitation


Water and Development Alliance (WADA): Entrepreneurship for Resilient Village Water Systems

This project – a collaboration among USAID, Coca Cola, and a consortium of partners led by The Ohio State University – will provide safe water access to 70,000 rural Tanzanians through the installation of community managed solar-powered water systems.

Water Resources Integration Development Initiative

Working closely with local governments and communities, the USAID Tanzania Water Resources Integration Development Initiative (WARIDI) is helping Tanzania improve the management of its water resources, improve sanitation, create livelihoods in water and sanitation services, and promote resilient communities in the face of a changing climate.


Related Topics


USAID Activities in Zanzibar

Despite strong economic growth and recent improvements to public services, Zanzibar faces a number of obstacles to eradicating poverty and improving quality of life for its citizens. In order to improve livelihoods and create opportunities for inclusive economic growth, USAID works with its partners in Zanzibar to strengthen health and education outcomes, expand economic opportunities in agriculture, reduce malnutrition, and promote democratic governance. In doing so, these efforts stem the tide of poverty, hunger, poor governance, and lack of opportunity, helping advance peace and security in the region. 

Last updated: June 19, 2019

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