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Malaria is the leading cause of death for Tanzanian children and is a major cause of maternal deaths. Under the President’s Malaria Initiative, USAID strives to reduce malaria by employing an integrated approach. USAID supports the national malaria prevention and case management strategies through education, bed net distribution, indoor spraying, and strengthening of the health care system, especially for children and pregnant mothers.

With USAID support, Zanzibar has essentially halted malaria transmission, with prevalence at less than 1 percent, and shifted its focus to sustainability. On the mainland, the 2011/2012 Tanzania HIV/AIDS and Malaria Indicator Survey showed that the number of households with at least one insecticide-treated net increased from 38 percent in 2007-08 to 91 percent in 2011-12. USAID continues a mass media campaign to create awareness and encourage healthy behavior, and has protected over 6.4 million people in high-risk Lake Zone districts through indoor spraying.

In addition to training health workers to include malaria prevention during prenatal care, USAID has also focused on improving their diagnostic and treatment skills. Between 2006 to date USAID has helped to procure and distribute nearly 14 million courses of artemisinin combination therapies, a highly effective treatment that allows for shorter treatment courses and better protection against drug resistance. Malaria treatments are distributed throughout Tanzanian public and private health centers as well as refugee camps in Western Tanzania.

Last updated: April 12, 2016

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