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USAID works to mitigate the impact and spread of Tanzania’s HIV/AIDS epidemic in partnership with the Government of Tanzania, other U.S. Government agencies, and a wide range of other partners through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). In 2010, the United States and Tanzania signed a five-year partnership framework to scale up HIV/AIDS prevention efforts while maintaining support for care and treatment. Through PEPFAR, USAID is also extending the reach and quality of the programs addressing gender-based violence into specific regions of Tanzania.

USAID’s key prevention activities include behavior change interventions, HIV counseling and testing, and services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. USAID also leads an interagency voluntary male circumcision initiative that helps to prevent and diminish the spread of the disease. USAID assistance also provides treatment, care and support to HIV-positive individuals and their families. By March  2013, 90,918 individuals were receiving antiretroviral treatment through USAID-supported facilities while 129,206 were benefiting from clinical care and 99,498 from community care. During the same period, USAID provided support to 181,092 vulnerable children, and 1,303 individuals with TB received integrated TB/HIV care and treatment.

USAID supported the creation and implementation of the National Plan of Action for Most Vulnerable Children, and sponsored an orphans and vulnerable children data management system that improves service coordination. More than 326,000 children have been reached with this service.

Last updated: April 12, 2016

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