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- Agriculture and Food Security
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- Ending Extreme Poverty
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- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
March 28, 2017
Food Security Situation
Although refugee numbers had been declining in recent years, the current political instability and violence in neighboring Burundi have driven thousands of refugees into Tanzania. Since April 2015, over 232,000 Burundians have taken refuge in Tanzania, according to the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), bringing the total number of refugees in Tanzania to over 301,000 as of February 2017. As many as 600 Burundians are arriving each day and the three existing camps are at or over full capacity. There are also significant concerns around the Tanzanian Government's January decision to revoke prima facie refugee status for arrivals from Burundi, potentially impacting the dlivery of humanitarian assistance to those fleeing conflict and food insecurity.
Protection and assistance needs remain high for refugees in Tanzania, as they are not permitted to work nor move outside the camps, limiting their ability to access food and income opportunities. According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), most refugees are currently facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) levels of acute food insecurity with ongoing humanitarian assistance. The newer arrivals are coming in a compromised physical and nutritional state, making them more vulnerable than earlier arrivals. Those who arrived after August 2016 are likely to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of acute food insecurity through May 2017. The Masika harvest beginning in July is expected to perform well, and with the increased food availability from the harvest in unimodal areas, the majority of refugees will likely improve to Stressed through September.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) supports the UN World Food Program (WFP) as it targets approximately 350,000 refugees, primarily from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, who are living in Tanzania. FFP partners with WFP to provide general food rations to all refugees as well as supplementary nutritious foods (i.e. Super Cereal) for children younger than five years of age, pregnant and lactating women, and hospitalized patients. These activities improve food consumption, reduce stunting and wasting, and prevent acute malnutrition rates from increasing. In FY 2017, FFP is providing $10 million to WFP for local procurement of more than 12,000 metric tons of Tanzanian maize, allowing food to reach refugee populations more quickly and strengthening local markets.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2017||$17.4 million||5,430 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$15.0 million||9,400 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$3.1 million||310 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$3.8 million||3,440 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$5.6 million||4,550 MT|
Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$7.4 million||5,430 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$10.0 million||----|
Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET as of February 2017.
The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal—IPC I—to Famine—IPC 5. An "!" indicates that the phase classification would likely be worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance.
Last updated: March 28, 2017