Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Tanzania

Map of Tanzania with Mtendeli, Nduta and Nyarugusu refugee camps labeled

April 8, 2019


  • Political instability and violence in neighboring Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have driven thousands of refugees into Tanzania. The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimates that nearly 243,000 Burundians have taken refuge in Tanzania since conflict broke out in the capital of Bujumbura in April 2015. Over 84,000 Congolese have sought shelter, primarily in northwest Tanzania’s Nyarugusu refugee camp. As of November 2018, more than 56,000 Burundians have voluntarily returned to Burundi, bringing the total number of refugees and asylum-seekers in Tanzania to approximately 328,000, according to the UNHCR.
  • Refugees and asylum-seekers in Tanzania have limited livelihood opportunities and are almost entirely dependent on humanitarian assistance to meet their daily needs. The UN World Food Program (WFP) provides food to refugees hosted in Nyarugusu, Nduta and Mtendeli refugee camps, which host 87 percent of the refugees in the country. Chronic malnutrition among children in refugee camps remains a concern, as access to nutritious food is limited.

*The Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC 1) to Famine (IPC 5).


  • With support from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace, WFP provides emergency assistance through general food distributions, whereby refugees receive monthly rations of food, and specialized nutrition products purchased from local and regional markets. WFP also provides pregnant and lactating women, children younger than 5 years of age and hospital in-patients with supplementary feeding programs for the prevention and treatment of malnutrition.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2019 $17.0 million 17,461 MT
Fiscal Year 2018 $21.3 million 26,809 MT
Fiscal Year 2017 $24.0 million 27,924 MT

* Metric tonnage does not reflect funding for vouchers or cash transfers

Related Resources

Last updated: April 08, 2019

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