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February 29, 2016
Food Security Situation
The Republic of Tanzania has been a refugee safe-haven for the Great Lakes region since the early 1950s, often hosting one of the largest refugee populations in Africa.
Although refugee numbers had been declining in recent years, the current political instability and violence in neighboring Burundi have driven thousands of refugees into Tanzania. Since April 2015, the number of Burundians seeking refuge in Tanzania has jumped from approximately 3,000 to 130,000, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), bringing the total number of refugees to an estimated 195,000 as of February 2016.
Protection and assistance needs remain high for refugees. Refugees living in Tanzania are not permitted to work nor move outside the camps, and will remain at Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) levels of food security even with humanitarian assistance.
Despite below-average harvests in 2015, adequate rainfall has allowed farmers to plan and prices have remained relatively stable. Households that are Stressed now will likely move into Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity with new harvests in the coming months. The Tanzanian government continues to handle their food insecurity challenges through internal mechanisms without requesting international food aid.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) supports the UN World Food Program (WFP) as it targets approximately 140,000 refugees living in Tanzania, primarily from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
FFP partners with WFP to provide essential food support for refugees in the Tanzanian camps, providing general food rations to all refugees as well as providing supplementary nutritious foods (i.e. Super Cereal) for children under five, pregnant women, lactating mothers and hospitalized patients. These activities improve food consumption, reduce stunting and wasting, and ensure acute malnutrition rates do not increase. In FY 2016, FFP is also providing support for local and regional procurement of food commodities, allowing food to reach populations more quickly and strengthening local markets.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$15 million||9,400 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$3.1 million||310 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$3.8 million||3,440 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$5.6 million||4,550 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$7.8 million||6,270 MT|
Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$15 million||9,400 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET as of February 2016
The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal—IPC I—to Famine—IPC 5.
Last updated: February 29, 2016