Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Sudan

Map of Sudan
Map of Sudan

November 9, 2017


  • Sudan is one of the world’s least developed nations, with 4.8 million people requiring humanitarian assistance. Hunger and instability in neighboring South Sudan have also caused a major influx of South Sudanese refugees seeking shelter in Sudan, with over 460,000 arriving since December 2013 and more likely to arrive in the coming months.
  • Multiple years of conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states and Darfur has created 2.3 million food-insecure, internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Sudan.
  • Malnutrition remains prevalent, with two million Sudanese children under-5 acutely malnourished, including 550,000 who suffer from severe acute malnutrition.
  • Harvests in October and November of this year are expected to improve food security to Minimal (IPC 1)* or Stressed (IPC 2) levels through January 2018, as staple food prices decline, agricultural labor opportunities become more prevalent and households are more easily able to access enough food, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). However, IDPs in Blue Nile, South Kordofan and West Kordofan states and Darfur, as well as South Sudanese refugees, are expected to face Crisis (IPC 3) levels of acute food insecurity over the same period, as protracted displacement limits seasonal agricultural labor opportunities and access to land for growing crops.

* The Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC 1) to Famine (IPC 5).


  • USAID is the world’s largest donor of food assistance to Sudan. The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide emergency assistance to the most vulnerable. Each year, FFP assistance supports over 2.5 million food-insecure Sudanese, as well as South Sudanese refugees residing in Sudan.
  • FFP and its partners work to save lives, reduce seasonal and chronic food insecurity, stabilize nutrition rates and restore the livelihoods of vulnerable populations. Assistance includes ready-to-use therapeutic food for acutely malnourished children, as well as in-kind food from the United States, locally and regionally purchased food, vouchers and cash transfers for food-insecure populations.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2017 $161.3 million 159,636 MT
Fiscal Year 2016 $164.3 million 133,865 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $164.2 million 137,092 MT

* Metric tonnage does not reflect funding for vouchers or cash transfers. 


Related Resources

Last updated: January 18, 2018

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