- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
March 24, 2017
Food Security Situation
Sudan is one of the world's least developed nations, with 5.8 million people requiring humanitarian assistance. Internal conflict in Darfur and South Kordonfan and Blue Nile states has increased the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) suffering from food insecurity in Sudan. Malnutrition remains prevalent. Two million Sudanese children younger than five years of age are acutely malnourished, including 550,000 who suffer from severe acute malnutrition.
An estimated 2 million IDPs require humanitarian assistance in Darfur, with an additional 230,000 people in need in conflict-affected parts of South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Hunger and instability in neighboring South Sudan have also caused a major influx of South Sudanese refugees seeking humanitarian assistance, with over 350,000 arriving in Sudan since December 2013 and more refugees likely to arrive in the coming months.
An above-average 2016/2017 harvest and regular access to seasonal agricultural labor have reduced food insecurity across Sudan, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). As a result, FEWS NET anticipates that populations in most areas of Sudan will remain in Minimal or Stressed (IPC 1 or IPC 2) levels of food insecurity through September 2017.1 However, households in South Kordofan and Darfur continue to experience Crisis (IPC 3) levels of acute food insecurity, which will likely deteriorate to Emergency (IPC 4) levels due to disrupted agricultural production, ongoing insecurity, and population displacement.
Insecurity and government restrictions on humanitarian activities continue to impede relief efforts in Sudan. However, following positive bilateral engagement on a range of issues, including humanitarian access, the U.S. Government announced in January 2017 the easing of trade and investment sanctions in the country.
Food Assistance Programs
USAID is the world's largest donor of food assistance to Sudan. The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide emergency assistance to the most vulnerable people in Sudan. Each year, FFP supports assistance for over 2.5 million food-insecure Sudanese, as well as South Sudanese refugees residing in Sudan.
FFP and its partners work to save lives, reduce seasonal food insecurity, stabilize nutrition rates, and restore the livelihoods of vulnerable populations. Assistance includes ready-to-use therapeutic and supplementary food for acutely malnourished children, as well as in-kind food from the Unisted States, locally and regionally purchased food, vouchers, and cash transfers for food-insecure populations.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2017||$92.3 million||94,779 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$164.3 million||133,865 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$164.2 million||137,092 MT|
Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP, and UNHCR as of March 2017.
1 The Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal—IPC I—to Famine—IPC 5.
Last updated: March 28, 2017