- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
- Food Assistance
- Food Aid Reform
- Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Agricultural Capacity Development
- Global Nutrition
- Sustainable Agriculture
- Investing in Agricultural Research and Development
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
September 14, 2015
Food Security Situation
Sudan is classified as a least developed and low-income food-deficit country. The U.N. Development Program’s 2014 Human Development Index ranks Sudan 166 out of 187 countries. Approximately 2 million children are acutely malnourished and 6.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.
Food insecurity in Sudan is attributed to conflict-generated displacements, resultant loss of assets, limited access to agricultural land, limited income-generating activities, and natural disasters. High staple food prices and the influx of more than 191,000 refugees from South Sudan since the conflict erupted there in December 2013 are additional drivers of food insecurity. Additionally, below average May-to-July rainfall has delayed main season planting across most of the country.
- Despite a strong national harvest during the main 2014-2015 agricultural season, approximately 4.2 million people are projected to be food insecure during the peak of the July-to-December lean season this year. High levels of acute food insecurity are likely to persist in Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile, especially among displaced populations, due to ongoing insecurity, widespread displacement and reduced access to agricultural lands.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) now targets over 2.5 million food-insecure Sudanese in Darfur, Blue Nile, South Kordofan, and Central and Eastern Sudan as well as South Sudanese who have fled to Sudan.
FFP partners with international agencies including the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) and the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide assistance to internally displaced persons, refugees, returnees’ host communities, and conflict-affected populations, as well as to distribute ready-to-use therapeutic foods to acutely malnourished children. The goals are to save lives, reduce seasonal food insecurity, stabilize nutrition rates, and restore the livelihoods of vulnerable populations. Assistance includes in-kind food from the U.S., local and regional purchase of food, vouchers and cash transfers.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$171.3 million||137,129 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$195.8 million||181,994 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$186.6 million||162,541 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$175.4 million||150,072 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011+||$209.1 million||189,140 MT|
FIscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$131.5 million||122,470 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$39.8 million||14,659 MT|
Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP, and UNHCR as of September 2015
+Fiscal Year 2011 includes contributions made to South Sudan before July 9, 2011.
Last updated: September 14, 2015