Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Sudan

June 6, 2016

Food Security Situation

Map of Sudan - UN OCHA
  • Sudan is one of the world's least developed nations, with 5.8 million people in need of some form of humanitarian assistance. Ongoing internal conflict in Darfur, South Kordonfan state, and Blue Nile state have increased the number of internally displaced people suffering from food insecurity in Sudan. 

  • Two million displaced people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Darfur, with an additional 775,000 in South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Conflict and hunger in neighboring South Sudan has caused an influx in South Sudanese, with over 231,000 arriving since December 2013. 

  • The effects of the 2016 El Niño phenomenon have disrupted plantings and harvests and caused the normally May-to-October lean season to begin two months early in March.

  • Conflict and the 2016 El Niño effects, below-average 2015 and 2016 harvests, higher than average food prices, and poor pasture conditions are likely to result in a higher than usual number of food insecure people in Sudan during the extended lean season.

  • The Famine Early Warning Systems (FEWS NET) estimated in March 2016 that 4 million people faced Crisis (IPC-3¹) or more severe levels of food insecurity. By July 2016, FEWS NET estimates that more than 4.4 million people in Sudan could experience Crisis (IPC-3). 

Food Assistance Programs

  • USAID is the world's largest donor of food assistance to Sudan. The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) and the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide emergency assistance to the most vulnerable people in Sudan, the majority of whom reside in Darfur.

  • Each year FFP targets over 2.5 million food-insecure Sudanese in Darfur, Blue Nile, South Kordofan, and Central and Eastern Sudan as well as South Sudanese refugees who have fled to Sudan. 

  • FFP partners provide assistance to internally displaced persons, refugees, host communities, and conflict-affected populations, as well as distribute ready-to-use therapeutic and supplementary foods to acutely malnourished children.

  • FFP and its partners work to save lives, reduce seasonal food insecurity, stabilize nutrition rates, and restore the livelihoods of vulnerable populations. Assistance includes in-kind food from the U.S., local and regional purchase of food, vouchers and cash.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016 $95.5 million 81,624 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $164.2 million 137,069 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $195.8 million 181,994 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $186.6 million 162,541 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $175.4 million 150,072 MT

Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP, and UNHCR as of June 2016.

¹Even with humanitarian assistance, at least one in five households in Sudan have food consumptions gaps with above usual acute malnutrition OR are marginally able to meet minimum food needs only with accelerated depletion. 

Last updated: June 07, 2016

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