Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Sudan

Map of Sudan
Map of Sudan

April 4, 2018


  • Sudan is one of the world’s least developed nations and 5.5 million people requiring humanitarian assistance. in the country require humanitarian assistance. Hunger and instability in neighboring South Sudan have caused a major influx of South Sudanese refugees sheltering in Sudan, with nearly 420,000 South Sudanese arriving since December 2013 and more likely to arrive in the coming months. 
  • Multiple years of conflict and insecurity in Darfur and the Two Areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile states, as well as reoccurring climatic shocks, have created nearly 2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) across Sudan.
  • Malnutrition remains prevalent and more than two million Sudanese children younger than 5 years of age are acutely malnourished, including 550,000 who suffer from severe acute malnutrition.
  • While communities in most areas of Sudan are projected to experience Minimal (IPC 1) or Stressed (IPC 2) levels of food insecurity through September 2018, intermittent periods of drought and below-average crop production in part of Kassala and North Darfur states, and the ongoing displacement of families in Darfur’s Jebel Marra area, are projected to result in Crisis (IPC 3) levels of food insecurity in these areas over the same period, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).* In addition, food security among IDPs in opposition-controlled areas of South Kordofan is expected to deteriorate from Crisis to Emergency (IPC 4) levels between June and September.

* The Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC 1) to Famine (IPC 5).


  • USAID is the largest donor of emergency food assistance to Sudan. The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners include the UN World Food Program (WFP) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), who provide emergency assistance to the most vulnerable. Each year, FFP assistance supports more than 2.5 million food-insecure people in Sudan.
  • FFP and its partners work to save lives, reduce seasonal and chronic food insecurity, stabilize nutrition rates and restore the livelihoods of vulnerable communities. FFP’s assistance includes in-kind food aid from the United States, locally and regionally purchased food assistance, food vouchers and cash transfers for food. FFP also provides ready-to-use therapeutic food for treatment of acute malnutrition among children younger than 5 years of age.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2018 $96.5 million  81,315 MT
Fiscal Year 2017 $162.0 million 159,835 MT
Fiscal Year 2016 $164.2 million 133,865 MT

* Metric tonnage does not reflect funding for vouchers or cash transfers. 


Related Resources

Last updated: April 04, 2018

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