Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Sudan

Map of Sudan
Map of Sudan

September 30, 2018


  • Sudan is one of the world’s least developed nations; 7.1 million people in the country require humanitarian assistance. Hunger and instability in neighboring South Sudan have caused a major influx of South Sudanese refugees into Sudan, with more than 760,000 South Sudanese arriving since December 2013 and more likely to arrive in the coming months.
  • Multiple years of conflict and insecurity in Darfur and the Two Areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile states, as well as reoccurring climatic shocks, have created nearly 2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) across Sudan.
  • Approximately 2.8 million Sudanese children younger than 5 years of age are acutely malnourished, including 694,000 who suffer from severe acute malnutrition, according to the UN. 
  • Between October and January, populations across much of Sudan will experience improving food security conditions, with Minimal (IPC* 1) or Stressed (IPC 2) levels of acute food insecurity prevailing across the country, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reports. However, continued macroeconomic challenges continue to restrict household purchasing power and will lead to higher assistance needs than during a normal harvest period.
  • However, households in opposition-controlled areas of South Kordofan State will likely experience Crisis (IPC 3) levels of acute food insecurity due to diminished purchasing power, rising prices, and exhausted coping mechanisms through January 2019. In addition, vulnerable households in Kassala and North Darfur states, as well as IDPs in Jebel Marra, also will likely experience Crisis levels of acute food insecurity during the same period, FEWS NET reports.

* The Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC 1) to Famine (IPC 5).


  • USAID is the largest donor of emergency food assistance to Sudan. The USAID Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners include the UN World Food Program (WFP) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), who provide emergency assistance to the most vulnerable. Each year, FFP assistance supports more than 2.5 million food-insecure people.
  • FFP and its partners work to save lives, reduce seasonal and chronic food insecurity, stabilize nutrition rates and restore the livelihoods of vulnerable communities. FFP’s assistance includes in-kind food aid from the United States, locally and regionally purchased food assistance, food vouchers and cash transfers for food. FFP also provides ready-to-use therapeutic food for treatment of acute malnutrition among children younger than 5 years of age.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2018 $185.5 million 175,818 MT
Fiscal Year 2017 $163.5 million 159,835 MT
Fiscal Year 2016 $164.2 million 133,865 MT

* Metric tonnage does not reflect funding for vouchers or cash transfers. 


Related Resources

Last updated: October 25, 2018

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