Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Sudan

November 16, 2016

Food Security Situation

Map of Sudan - UN OCHA
  • Sudan is one of the world's least developed nations, with 5.8 million people in need of some form of humanitarian assistance. Ongoing internal conflict in Darfur, South Kordonfan state, and Blue Nile state have increased the number of internally displaced people suffering from food insecurity in Sudan. 

  • An estimated 2.2 million displaced people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Darfur, with an additional 230,000 displaced people in need in conflict-affected parts of South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Hunger and instability in neighboring South Sudan has also caused a major influx of South Sudanese refugees seeking humanitarian assistance, with over 248,000 arriving since December 2013. 

  • Rainfall was above average in many areas during most of the June to September 2016 rainy season, leading to favorable cropping prospects and the likelihood for above-average 2016/17 harvests and pasture regeneration in Sudan. However, in spite of good rains during the current 2016 planting season and the expectations of a generally good harvest and grazing season, areas of ongoing conflict, particularly in Darfur, Southern Kordofan, and Blue Nile states, will continue to experience Crisis levels (IPC Phase 3)1 food insecurity due to severe curtailment of farming activities, displacement and migration.

  • The number of refugees from South Sudan is expected to increase, resulting in additional, urgent assistance needs between October 2016 and May 2017.

Food Assistance Programs

  • USAID is the world's largest donor of food assistance to Sudan. The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) and the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide emergency assistance to the most vulnerable people in Sudan, the majority of whom reside in Darfur. Each year FFP targets over 2.5 million food-insecure Sudanese in Darfur, Blue Nile, South Kordofan, and Central and Eastern Sudan as well as South Sudanese refugees who have fled to Sudan.

  • FFP partners provide assistance to internally displaced persons, refugees, host communities, and conflict-affected populations, as well as distribute ready-to-use therapeutic and supplementary foods to acutely malnourished children. FFP and its partners work to save lives, reduce seasonal food insecurity, stabilize nutrition rates, and restore the livelihoods of vulnerable populations. Assistance includes in-kind food from the U.S., local and regional purchase of food, vouchers and cash transfers.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016 $164.3 million 133,865 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $164.2 million 137,069 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $195.8 million 181,994 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $186.6 million 162,541 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $175.4 million 150,072 MT

Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP, and UNHCR as of October 2016.

1 The Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal—IPC I—to Famine—IPC 5. 

Last updated: November 16, 2016

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