- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
August 22, 2016
Food Security Situation
Sudan is one of the world's least developed nations, with 5.8 million people in need of some form of humanitarian assistance. Ongoing internal conflict in Darfur, South Kordonfan state, and Blue Nile state have increased the number of internally displaced people suffering from food insecurity in Sudan.
An estimated two million displaced people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Darfur, with an additional 775,000 in need in conflict-affected parts of South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Hunger and instability in neighboring South Sudan has also caused a major influx of South Sudanese refugees seeking humanitarian assistance, with almost 245,000 arriving since December 2013.
Excessive rainfall between June and August has caused severe flash floods affecting approximately 161,000 across Sudan, but particularly in North Darfur, West Kordofan, South Kordofan, Blue Nile, Gazeria, Khartoum, and Kassala States. Floods in these areas have damaged homes, infrastructure and led to loss of life and assets.
Conflict, the 2015 El Niño drought effects, below-average 2015 harvests, higher than average food prices, and poor pasture conditions are likely to result in a higher than usual number of food insecure people in Sudan until September 2016 when conditions are expected to improve due to recent above average rainfall. The Famine Early Warning Systems (FEWS NET) estimated that 4.4 million people could face Crisis (IPC-3) or more severe levels of food insecurity between July and September 2016, with more than 100,000 experiencing Emergency (IPC-4).
Food Assistance Programs
USAID is the world's largest donor of food assistance to Sudan. The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) and the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide emergency assistance to the most vulnerable people in Sudan, the majority of whom reside in Darfur. Each year FFP targets over 2.5 million food-insecure Sudanese in Darfur, Blue Nile, South Kordofan, and Central and Eastern Sudan as well as South Sudanese refugees who have fled to Sudan.
FFP partners provide assistance to internally displaced persons, refugees, host communities, and conflict-affected populations, as well as distribute ready-to-use therapeutic and supplementary foods to acutely malnourished children. FFP and its partners work to save lives, reduce seasonal food insecurity, stabilize nutrition rates, and restore the livelihoods of vulnerable populations. Assistance includes in-kind food from the U.S., local and regional purchase of food, vouchers and cash.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$161.4 million||133,585 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$164.2 million||137,069 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$195.8 million||181,994 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$186.6 million||162,541 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$175.4 million||150,072 MT|
Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP, and UNHCR as of July 2016.
¹Even with humanitarian assistance, at least one in five households in Sudan have food consumptions gaps with above usual acute malnutrition OR are marginally able to meet minimum food needs only with accelerated depletion.
Last updated: August 26, 2016