Our Stories | Office of Transition Initiatives

Speeches Shim

Last updated: October 08, 2020

October 5, 2020

Solhan is a rural commune in Yagha Province with a population of about 26,000 inhabitants comprised of Fulani, Tamasheq, Mossi, Songhai, and Gourmatche ethnicities. In 2018-19, terrorist groups exploited existing social divisions through attacks and threats against different ethnic groups, increasing tension and division. Since 2019, attacks on civilians, abductions, and targeted assassinations of local leaders and representatives of the state have risen, and the resulting rift between ethnic groups has provoked more insecurity.

September 2, 2020

Sinjar is a rural district in Iraq's northwest Ninewa province bisected by the Sinjar Mountains. In 2016, The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) occupied Sinjar and targeted the district’s Yezidi residents for genocide. ISIS was eventually defeated, and Sinjar liberated, but displaced residents of Sinjar attempting to return home faced a number of overwhelming challenges. The spread of the COVID-19 virus in recent months further complicated the situation, spurring many displaced Yezidi families to accelerate their return home in order to reduce potential exposure to the virus in crowded camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs). The accelerated timeline prevented many families from securing livelihoods and income-generating opportunities necessary to support their families and restore their homes.

July 30, 2020

Fada N’Gourma and Gayéri are two communes located in Est region, Burkina Faso that have been targets of multiple attacks by extremist organizations. Following each attack, particularly those on churches, members of predominantly Muslim groups—like the Peulh—are accused of cooperating with terrorist groups. As a result, Peulh community members are stigmatized by other community members. Each attack renews fears that further cleavages will be sewn among different ethnic and religious groups within these communities.

July 30, 2020

Marginalized communities throughout Burkina Faso face extraordinary hurdles. Lacking identity documentation is often cited as one of the biggest challenges to mobility and accessing key public services.

July 27, 2020

Bracitos is a small village of 300 inhabitants located just 20 minutes from the municipal seat of El Tarra, a place emblematic of the conflict in the Catatumbo region for events like the paramilitary raids in 2003 and the displacement of dozens of families in 2012. As the starting point for the Road Ring for Peace, a highway critical to peace and economic inclusion of the Catatumbo region, the town has become an important crossroads for the mobility of goods and services.