Nigeria

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Nigeria Map OTI

Minimizing the conditions that allow terrorism to flourish in northeast Nigeria.


WHY USAID/OTI IS IN NIGERIA

Nigeria is one of the U.S. Government’s strategic allies in sub-Saharan Africa, where the U.S. Government is supporting Nigerian efforts to strengthen democratic institutions, promote good governance and counter corruption, and improve security. Since the successful democratic transition of power in 2015, Nigeria has struggled with insecurity caused by Boko Haram and ISIS-West Africa (BH and ISIS-WA). An escalated military offensive by Nigerian and regional security forces helped the government reclaim areas previously held by BH and ISIS-WA and provided an opportunity for communities to return to their homes. The insurgency is far from over, however, as BH and ISIS-WA have increased attacks in Nigeria and neighboring countries in the Lake Chad Basin. To defeat BH and ISIS-WA, military operations must be coupled with efforts to address the underlying drivers of violent extremism.

USAID/OTI’S ROLE IN NIGERIA

USAID/OTI’s Nigeria & the Lake Chad Basin (NLCB) program is denying BH and ISIS-WA terrorists the space and resources to operate. Through small-scale, strategically targeted assistance to local partners, NLCB seeks to increase the resilience of key strategic towns and corridors in the Northeast against violent extremist organizations’ (VEO) influence and activity by:

  • Strengthening the voices of women and girls to empower them to be active leaders and advocates for peace in their communities;
  • Increasing community security in target areas by improving safety measures and fostering positive engagement between communities and security providers; 
  • Reducing community and individuals’ social and economic vulnerabilities to VEO influence and action; and
  • Supporting the reintegration of former BH and ISIS-WA affiliates as a component of the Nigerian Government’s Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) process to provide a “way out” of BH and ISIS-WA for those who want to defect.

PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS

  • USAID/OTI has catalyzed the Government of Nigeria to establish an effective DRR policy and pipeline supporting the deradicalization and reintegration of former Boko Haram and ISIS-West Africa fighters and affiliates. USAID/OTI has provided direct support to more than 240 former affiliates who have successfully completed deradicalization or rehabilitation portions of this pipeline managed by Operation Safe Corridor. Additionally, more than 600 women and 1,200 children have received rehabilitation support.
  • USAID/OTI activities cultivate relationships and information-sharing across Northeast Nigeria by leveraging key windows of opportunity to strengthen communities and combat vulnerabilities to violent extremism. USAID/OTI is restoring communication capabilities by bringing mobile phone connectivity to more than 230,000 residents in five towns most affected by the insurgency. Additionally, USAID/OTI is restoring radio stations to provide communities with access to credible and relevant information.
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Last updated: November 09, 2020

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