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Contribute to the conditions for successful peace talks and sustained peacebuilding.


In September 2020, the Government of Afghanistan and the Taliban launched the Afghan Peace Negotiations (APN) that built on the U.S.-Taliban agreement signed in February 2020. This peace process is the best chance to end 40 years of conflict and ensure that Afghanistan can no longer serve as a refuge for groups that threaten the United States. The success of the peace process and stability in Afghanistan will depend on immediate efforts to build social cohesion, enable reconciliation, and foster inclusion in the peace talks.


The Afghanistan Peace Support Initiative (PSI) is a short-term program that contributes to the peace process through strengthening support among Afghans for a sustainable resolution to the country’s ongoing conflict. PSI supports the Government of Afghanistan’s participation in an inclusive peace process that is representative of the country’s diversity and democratic values, while also equipping USAID and other stakeholders with the tools and information needed to successfully reinforce peace at a local level. The program’s objectives are to:

  • Better understand challenges and opportunities to build peace and unity; and
  • Consolidate and amplify Afghans’ support for peace.


  • USAID/OTI is conducting research to improve USAID and the Government of Afghanistan's understanding of strategic communications opportunities and public sentiment. The program will help the Government of Afghanistan, civil society, and the media ensure that Afghan citizens understand the peace process and are involved in creating a peace that protects the country’s progress in social and economic development.
  • USAID/OTI is identifying areas for sub-national peacebuilding through a mapping of socio-economic indicators and development of an open-source, interactive tool to identify reconciliation and peace-building opportunities following reductions in violence. By partnering with local non-governmental organizations that provide ongoing reporting of factors contributing to peace and stability, USAID will gain real-time insights into emergent opportunities to build peace and to mitigate the impact of spoilers.
  • USAID/OTI is building the outreach and communication capabilities of Government of Afghanistan actors. The program is providing ongoing technical assistance such as training and other support to improve analytical abilities, media outreach, and content development capabilities of institutions working on the peace process.
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Last updated: October 22, 2020

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