Afghanistan

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Map of Afghanistan

Contribute to the conditions for successful peace talks and sustained peacebuilding.


WHY USAID/OTI IS IN AFGHANISTAN

In September 2020, the Government of Afghanistan and the Taliban launched the Afghan Peace Negotiations (APN), which built on the U.S.-Taliban agreement signed in February 2020. This peace process is intended to bring about a political settlement that would end 40 years of conflict and maintain the development gains of the past 20 years. The success of the peace process and stability in Afghanistan will depend on immediate efforts to build social cohesion, enable reconciliation, and foster inclusion in the peace talks. 

USAID/OTI’s ROLE IN AFGHANISTAN

 

The Afghanistan Peace Support Initiative (PSI) is a short-term program that contributes to the peace process through strengthening support among Afghans for a sustainable resolution to the country’s ongoing conflict. Public consent is essential to sustainable peace, and as such, PSI strives to promote Afghan ownership of the peace process, improve knowledge of the negotiations—including through support to the Government of Afghanistan’s peace messaging—and garner public consensus. PSI also contributes research to inform USAID and other stakeholders as they develop policy and programming to build peace and successfully reinforce reductions in violence at the local level.  The program’s objectives are to:

  • Improve inclusivity among Afghans in their engagement with the peace negotiations and process;

  • Improve Afghans' understanding of and manage their expectations about the peace negotiation process; and  

  • Foster public desire for political reconciliation, progress, and unity.

PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS

  • USAID/OTI helped improve the Government of Afghanistan’s State Ministry of Peace (SMP) outreach and communications capacity. PSI supported a series of training and outreach events to build its media relations with Afghan journalists and encouraged the SMP to refine its communication objectives and messages by developing a radio outreach campaign.

  • USAID/OTI partnered with the Afghan NGO Coordination Body to hold a series of dialogues in five provinces, including Ghazni and Herat, on the rights and views of marginalized groups on peace. Representatives from each of the dialogues shared their recommendations with the SMP and the APN negotiating team members.

  • USAID/OTI supported the Civil Liberal Initiative for Peace (CLIP) to facilitate peace dialogues among disparate Afghan communities. CLIP developed a series of interviews, studio debates, and constructive dialogues, which were then broadcast on social media targeting domestic Afghan audiences. They highlighted a variety of topics, for example, the human cost of war through the experiences of internally displaced people in refugee camps and shelters.

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Last updated: March 19, 2021

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