- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
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- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
April 21, 2017
Food Security Situation
After more than three years of civil conflict, South Sudan remains one of the most food-insecure countries in the world. On February 20, Famine (IPC 5) was declared in Unity State’s Leer and Mayendit counties. Famine may also be ongoing in neighboring Koch County, though insufficient data exists to verify the current level of food insecurity in this county.
Famine levels in Leer and Mayendit counties will likely continue through July 2017. In addition to significant acute food insecurity in Unity State, nutrition and food security conditions continue to deteriorate in Central Equatoria State and the Greater Bahr el Ghazal region, due to ongoing insecurity and consequent population displacement, limited humanitarian access, disruptions to livelihood activities, and an economic crisis, among other factors. Overall, approximately 4.9 million people—42 percent of South Sudan’s population—may experience Crisis (IPC 3) or higher levels of acute food insecurity. This number will likely increase to 5.5 million people by the peak lean season in July.
As of February 2017, approximately 1.7 million refugees have fled South Sudan for neighboring countries and another 1.9 million South Sudanese remain internally displaced. Widespread insecurity continues to displace communities, exacerbate food insecurity and impede humanitarian access to vulnerable populations.
Food Assistance Programs
USAID has not waited for a famine declaration to respond. Since the start of the conflict, the Office of Food for Peace (FFP) and its partners, including the UN World Food Program (WFP) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), have addressed the needs of South Sudan’s most vulnerable and conflict-affected populations through emergency food and nutrition interventions. In FY 2017, this assistance includes prepositioning enough food to feed over two million people for three months in areas of the country that will be cut off by rains and flooding in the upcoming lean season.
FFP also partners with Catholic Relief Services to support food security and livelihoods interventions, including providing agricultural training for farming households and expanding access to safe drinking water, in Jonglei State.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2017||$259.3 million||114,306 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$306.3 million||173,451 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$320.9 million||130,770 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$295.7 million||119,040 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$166.0 million||95,274 MT|
Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Emergency||$158.6 million||63,390 MT|
|Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust (BEHT)|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$100.7 million||50,916 MT|
Last updated: April 21, 2017