Food Assistance Fact Sheet - South Sudan

Country map of South Sudan
UN Cartographic Section

May 23, 2017

Food Security Situation

  • After more than three years of civil conflict, South Sudan remains one of the most food-insecure countries in the world. On February 20, Famine (IPC 5) was declared in Unity State’s Leer and Mayendit counties.[1] Famine may also be ongoing in neighboring Koch County, though insufficient data exists to verify the current level of food insecurity in this county.

  • In addition to significant acute food insecurity in Unity State, nutrition and food security conditions continue to deteriorate in Jonglei State, the Greater Equatoria region, and the Greater Bahr el Ghazal region, due to ongoing insecurity and consequent population displacement, limited humanitarian access, disruptions to livelihood activities, and an economic crisis, among other factors. By the peak lean season in July, approximately 5.5 million people—nearly half the population—will be in Crisis (IPC 3) or higher levels of acute food insecurity and in need of humanitarian assistance. 

  • As of May 2017, approximately 1.8 million refugees have fled South Sudan for neighboring countries and another 2 million South Sudanese remain internally displaced. Widespread insecurity continues to displace communities, exacerbate food insecurity and impede humanitarian access to vulnerable populations.

Food Assistance Programs

  • USAID has not waited for a famine declaration to respond. Since the start of the conflict, the Office of Food for Peace (FFP) and its partners, including the UN World Food Program (WFP) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), have addressed the needs of South Sudan’s most vulnerable and conflict-affected populations through emergency food and nutrition interventions. In FY 2017, this assistance includes prepositioning enough food to feed over two million people for three months in areas of the country that will be cut off by rains and flooding in the upcoming lean season.

  • FFP also partners with Catholic Relief Services to support food security and livelihoods interventions, including providing agricultural training for farming households and expanding access to safe drinking water, in Jonglei State.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2017 $321.6 million 156,309 MT
Fiscal Year 2016 $306.3 million 173,087 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $320.9 million 130,770 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $295.7 million 119,040 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $166.0 million 95,274 MT

Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Emergency $206.7 million 85,120 MT
Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust (BEHT)    
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $114.9 million 71,789 MT
Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP, UNHCR, and the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification as of May 2017.
[1] The Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal—IPC I—to Famine—IPC 5

Related Resources

Last updated: May 26, 2017

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