Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Somalia

July 7, 2016

Food Security Situation

Map of Somalia
CIA World Factbook
  • The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) and the United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) determined that 38 percent of the Somali population--nearly 4.7 million people--were acutely food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance during the first half of 2016[i]. Of those acutely food insecure, FEWS NET and FSNAU estimated that 953,000 people were experiencing Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of acute food insecurity, 68 percent of whom were internally displaced persons (IDPs). Additionally, many internally displaced people in settlements across Somalia suffer from acute malnutrition.

  • FEWS NET forecasts a deterioration of food security conditions in parts of central and southern Somalia from July to December 2016 due to poorer than average Gu rains. In northwest Somalia, several consecutive poor rainy seasons have impacted water and livestock conditions in pastoral areas and the recovery of drought-affected populations will take time. 

  • According to climate prediction models, there is a 75 percent chance of a La Niña weather event in the second half of 2016 and early 2017, which may cause below-average rainfall in Somalia. Moreover, persistent insecurity and restricted humanitarian access continue to create challenges to delivering assistance in Somalia.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food-insecure Somali households and IDP populations countrywide with emergency food and nutrition assistance. FFP has closely tracked the impacts of El Niño and provided critical support for El Niño response, including supporting cash-for-work activities to repair river banks in flood-affected areas and rehabilitating water catchment systems in drought-affected areas.   

  • FFP partners with the UN World Food Program, other public international organizations, and non-governmental organizations on relief, nutrition, livelihoods, social safety net, and resilience-oriented activities. These activities include in-kind food assistance as well as cash- and market-based interventions such as cash transfers, cash for work, and food vouchers.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016 $37.9 million 19,450 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $111.5 million  40,655 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $127.5 million 53,601 MT

Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $36.8 million 19,450 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $1.1 million ----

Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET and FSNAU

The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal–IPC 1–to Famine—IPC 5. 

[i] Population size based on revised 2015 estimate from the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) of approximately 12.3 million people.

Last updated: July 18, 2016

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