Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Somalia

November 17, 2015

Food Security Situation

Map of Somalia
CIA World Factbook
  • Since 1991, Somalia has faced continued conflict and changing climatic conditions including both droughts and flooding. In 2011 and 2012, Somalia experienced severe food insecurity and famine which affected 4 million people—approximately half of the country’s estimated population.  

  • Food security will likely deteriorate through December due to below-average harvests in the South and population displacement due to conflict. As a result of the ongoing El Niño, potentially severe flooding during the October-to-December rainy season and drought in the North West continuing into 2016 may further exacerbate food insecurity among vulnerable populations. 

  • More than 1 million people are estimated to be in crisis and emergency (IPC Phase 3 and 4) levels of acute food insecurity, of whom nearly 60 percent are internally displaced. According to recent nutrition surveys, more than 307,800 children under age five are at risk of acute malnutrition through December, with approximately 55,800 facing severe acute malnutrition—both significant increases from the Post-Gu assessment in 2014.
  • Persistent insecurity and restricted humanitarian access in southern and central Somalia continue to create challenges to delivering assistance. 

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food-insecure Somali households and IDP populations countrywide with emergency food assistance. FFP is also closely tracking the impacts of El Niño and is coordinating with other humanitarian actors on preparedness and response measures, including early warning, pre-positioning of food stocks, warehousing and transportation for food delivery. 

  • FFP partners with the UN World Food Program, other public international organizations, and non-governmental organizations on relief, nutrition, livelihoods, social safety net, and resilience-oriented activities. These activities include in-kind food assistance and regional procurement, as well as cash- and market-based interventions such as cash transfers, cash for work, and food vouchers.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016 $14.3 million 7,640 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $111.5 million  40,655 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $127.5 million 53,601 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $77.0 million 38,570 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $161.9 million 65,240 MT

Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $14.3 million 7,640 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----
Title II: In-kind food assistance; EFSP: Cash-based food assistance
Food Security Situation information provided by the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) and the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit - Somalia (FSNAU).


Last updated: November 17, 2015

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