Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Somalia

January 4, 2017

Food Security Situation

Map of Somalia
CIA World Factbook

According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), more than 1.37 million people in Somalia are likely to experience Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of acute food insecurity between January and May 2017. The food security situation has deteriorated over the last six months due to consecutive seasons of drought leading to low agricultural production and poor livestock conditions.

The first half of the October to December Deyr rains have been very poor, following a poor April to June Gu season. In southern Somalia, rangeland conditions are significantly below average and vegetation levels in some areas are as low as during the 2011 drought and in some locations, are among the worst on record. Food insecurity will be most severe in parts of Puntland and Somaliland, and Gedo and Lower Juba regions of southern Somalia, where populations are migrating in search of water and pasture or relocating to cities in search of assistance.  The majority of those needing life-saving humanitarian assistance are internally displaced persons (IDPs). The malnutrition situation remains concerning particularly among rural and IDP populations, with an estimated 320,000 children under the age of five acutely malnourished and up to 50,000 suffering from severe acute malnutrition.

Resource constraints, persistent insecurity and restricted humanitarian access continue to create challenges to delivering assistance in Somalia. Additionally, humanitarian actors continue to monitor Somali refugee returns from Dadaab camp complex in Kenya and are working with the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Government of Kenya and the Federal Government of Somalia to coordinate logistics and to ensure a voluntary, safe and dignified return for all refugees.

Food Assistance Programs

The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food-insecure Somali households and IDP populations countrywide with emergency food and nutrition assistance. FFP partners with the UN World Food Program, other public international organizations, and non-governmental organizations on relief, nutrition, livelihoods, social safety net, and resilience-oriented activities. These activities include in-kind food assistance as well as cash- and market-based interventions such as cash transfers, cash for work, and food vouchers. Through UNICEF, FFP also provides in-kind Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) for treatment of severe acute malnutrition.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S.Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2017 $30.0 million 18,780 MT
Fiscal Year 2016 $71.0 million 20,080 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $111.3 million 40,655 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $127.5 million 53,601 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $77.0 million 38,570 MT

Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $30.0 million 18,780 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----

Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, FSNAU and Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM).

The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal–IPC 1–to Famine—IPC 5. 



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Last updated: January 04, 2017

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