Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Somalia

October 11, 2016

Food Security Situation

Map of Somalia
CIA World Factbook
  • According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) and the United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU), more than 1.1 million people in Somalia are experiencing Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of acute food insecurity. This is a 20 percent increase compared to six months ago. The majority of those needing life-saving humanitarian assistance - 58 percent - are internally displaced persons (IDPs). An additional 3.9 million people are classified as Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and are in need of livelihoods support. The malnutrition situation remains concerning particularly among rural and IDP populations, with an estimated 300,000 children under the age of five acutely malnourished and up to 50,000 suffering from severe acute malnutrition. 

  • The increase in numbers of food insecure can be partly attributed to poor Gu rains in the southern crop producing part of the country from April to June. However, in northwestern Somalia, the Gu/Karan rains were above average, likely leading to increased production and an above average harvest. Despite recent improvements in food security in the northwest, persistent drought during previous seasons has negatively affected livestock conception rates, limiting incomes from livestock and milk sales. Some households will remain in Crisis through the end of 2016.

  • Although climate science partners downgraded the chance of a La Niña weather event in late 2016, other climate factors are expected to drive below-average Deyr rainfall from October to December, negatively impacting agricultural production and pasture conditions. Moreover, persistent insecurity and restricted humanitarian access continue to create challenges to delivering assistance in Somalia.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food-insecure Somali households and IDP populations countrywide with emergency food and nutrition assistance. FFP partners with the U.N. World Food Program, other public international organizations, and non-governmental organizations on relief, nutrition, livelihoods, social safety net, and resilience-oriented activities. These activities include in-kind food assistance as well as cash- and market-based interventions such as cash transfers, cash for work, and food vouchers. Through UNICEF, FFP also provides in-kind Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) for treatment of severe acute malnutrition.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016 $71.0 million 20,080 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $111.3 million  40,655 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $127.5 million 53,601 MT

Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $38.8 million 20,080 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $32.2 million ----

Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, FSNAU and Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM)

The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal–IPC 1–to Famine—IPC 5. 



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Last updated: October 21, 2016

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