USAID in Somalia - Background
- USAID partnered with the Somali people over the past 20 years and is now strengthening that partnership as Somalis rebuild after decades of conflict.
- On September 10, 2012, Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud was elected President through a democratic process.
- The USG officially recognized the Government of Somalia on January 17, 2013.
- UN-approved African Union Stabilization Force (AMISOM) has been active in Somalia since 2006.
- Food security and nutrition conditions have improved since the height of the drought and famine in 2011- 2012, but Somalia continues to experience a significant humanitarian crisis.
- Insecurity continues to limit humanitarian and development access.
- More than one million people remain in crisis and emergency. An additional two million are classified as stressed and their food security remains fragile.
- Recent security improvements in key urban areas of southern Somalia provide a critical opportunity to address urgent needs and promote early recovery; international complacency at this time would have serious implications for long-term stability and viability.
- Area: 637,657 square km – slightly smaller than Texas
- Pop: 10.25 million (May 2013 est.)
- Religion: predominantly Sunni Muslim
- Ethnic groups: Somali 85%, Bantu and other non- Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)
- Maternal mortality: 1,000 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
- Infant mortality: 101.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 Est)
- Literacy: 37%. Male: 50%, female: 26% (2001 est.)
- GDP: $5.9 billion (2010 est.): agriculture: 59%, industry: 7%, services: 34% (2011 est.)
Source: CIA World Factbook:
Last updated: June 14, 2016