- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
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- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
November 10, 2015
Food Security Situation
The Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone had severe impacts on the country’s health system, economy, and food security situation. Many households experienced new or increased food insecurity as Ebola-related fears and restrictions on movement and mass gatherings disrupted trade, increased food prices, and reduced household income and purchasing power.
According to the most recent Famine Early Warning System (FEWS NET) reporting, the absence of new Ebola cases and related removal of movement and trade restrictions, combined with a favorable harvest that started in October, is likely to improve food security. FEWS NET expects many areas of Sierra Leone to face Minimal—IPC 1—acute food insecurity through March 2016. However, poor households in Kailahun, Kambia, Kenema, Kono, Port Loko, Pujenhun, and Tonkolili districts—areas slower to recover—will continue to face Stressed—IPC 2—conditions.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP), in partnership with ACDI/VOCA, CARE, Catholic Relief Services, Save the Children, World Vision, UNICEF, the UN World Food Program, are providing much needed food assistance to address acute food needs of populations affected by the Ebola epidemic. This assistance, provided through a mix of targeted cash transfers, agricultural input provision, local and regional procurement of food, and in-kind food distribution to households directly affected by EVD, is boosting food access and household purchasing power, while promoting market recovery.
FFP partners with the ACDI/VOCA on the ongoing Sustainable Nutrition and Agriculture Promotion (SNAP) project (2010-2016), which aims to reduce food insecurity among vulnerable rural populations in the Bombali, Kailahun, Koinadugu, and Tonkolili districts. SNAP works with poor households to build better knowledge and practices in nutrition and child feeding, improve health care access and service provision, and improve rural livelihoods by training farmers in improved agricultural production and business practices and technologies.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$35.5 million||10,049 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$13.0 million||2,110 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$9.5 million||1,960 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$12.2 million||11,650 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$11.9 million||12,400 MT|
Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$7.1 million||6,074 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$28.4 million||3,975 MT|
Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET and WFP
Country Specific Guidance:
Last updated: November 10, 2015