Fact Sheets

Based on public surveys, citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) consistently rank corruption as one of the biggest problems in the country. Despite the positive steps taken to stop corruption – numerous reforms, strategies and measures – corruption in BiH remains widespread. The cancer of corruption corrodes political stability, economic growth, and the country’s progress toward EU integration and self-reliance.

Through the Judiciary Against Corruption Activity, USAID addresses both external and internal judicial sector weaknesses in fighting corruption. USAID’s implementing partner for this five-year $8 million program is Development Professionals Inc. 

Almost one-third of Mozambicans suffer from chronic food insecurity, exacerbated by the historic drought of 2015-2016. Nationally, 43 percent of children under 5 are stunted. Micronutrient deficiencies are widespread: 69 percent of children under 5 are anemic, and 74 percent of children under 5 are vitamin A deficient, with negative impacts on growth, immunity and development.

This five-year activity addresses youth vulnerable to social exclusion by mobilizing and engaging youth in meaningful ways to effect positive change in nine municipalities of Kosovo (Hani i Elezit/Elez Han, Kaçanik/Kačanik, Viti/Vitina, Mitrovicë Jugore/Južna Mitrovica, Vushtrri/Vučitrn, Skënderaj/Srbica, Istog/k, Klinë/a, and Gjakovë/Đakovica).  This will be achieved through the activity’s three interconnected objectives:

Energy is critical for economic growth across Central Asia. Providing clean, renewable energy and improving energy efficiency can solve issues of national and regional energy security, stability, and growing emissions. Clean energy can provide needed generation capacity from domestic resources and improve opportunities for cross-border trade. Yet, each country in Central Asia is driven by different priorities and challenges in their power sector. Thus, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has launched the Power the Future program, which works in all countries of Central Asia. The goal of the program is to accelerate the regional transition to cost effective, low emission, climate resilient economies, primarily through increasing the deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency in all five Central Asian countries.

The President’s Budget Request for Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 for the U.S. Department of State and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is $41 billion, which includes $19.6 billion in funds USAID fully or partially manages. The Budget Request supports the President’s commitment to serve the needs of American citizens, ensure their safety, promote their prosperity, preserve their rights, and defend their values, as outlined in the National Security Strategy (NSS).

Despite having significant economic potential in terms of natural resources and tourism, Cabo Delgado is one of the poorest regions in Mozambique and is a hub for wildlife, human and drug trafficking; it also has the highest illiteracy rate in the country (67%), a history of economic marginalization and high unemployment rates. Since October 2017, the province has seen an increase in violent attacks, creating a climate of fear and distrust in communities. The insecurity has forced families out of their homes and into host communities, overstretching resilience capacities.

While Mozambique’s economy has had consistent growth rates for several years, progress has been much slower in rural areas. Food insecurity in these rural areas remains a significant challenge. At least 25% of the rural population consistently suffers from food insecurity, 43% of children under the age of five suffer from chronic malnutrition (stunting), and more than 65% of children under five have deficiencies of essential micronutrients, such as vitamin A – which compromises the immune system and can lead to blindness.

The 29 million Mozambicans are served by approximately 1,640 primary level health facilities. Due to inadequate investment in routine maintenance and upgrades many of these facilities are in a poor condition and lacking essentials such as water, functioning sanitation systems, safe medical waste disposal and electricity.  A lack of access to safe water and adequate sanitation, and poor hygiene practices creates the environment for an alarmingly high prevalence of diarrhea throughout the country. Furthermore, 16 percent of all deaths in Mozambique can be attributed to inadequate WASH practices.

USAID has worked closely for years with partners such as private sector companies and associations, civil society organizations, and the Government of Mozambique to make it easier to do business across sectors, put the country in a stronger competitive position, and increase trade and investment. Recent work has focused on reforming agricultural trade and investment policies with an eye on improving livelihoods of smallholder farmers as well as enabling agribusiness to flourish.

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Last updated: February 25, 2020

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