Self-Reliance Roadmaps

Indicator Definitions and Sources


Open and Accountable Governance

Liberal Democracy Index: Measures freedom of expression, freedom of association, suffrage, elections, rule of law, judicial constraints on the executive branch, and legislative constraints on the executive branch. Source: Varieties of Democracy

Open Government: Measures the degree to which a government shares information, empowers people with tools to hold the government accountable, and fosters citizen participation in public policy deliberations. Sub-factors include: publicized laws and government data, right to information, civic participation, and complaint mechanisms. Source: World Justice Project Rule of Law Index

Inclusive Development

Social Group Equality: Measures political equality across social groups as defined by income, wealth, education, ethnicity, religion, caste, race, language, region, and gender. Source: Varieties of Democracy

Economic Gender Gap: Index consisting of five components: (1) wage equality between women and men for similar work; (2) the ratio of female estimated earned income to male income; (3) the ratio of female labor force participation to male participation; (4) the ratio of female legislators, senior officials, and managers to male counterparts; and (5) the ratio of female professional and technical workers to male counterparts, Source: World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap Report

Economic Policy

Business Environment: Assesses a country’s entrepreneurial climate by measuring business’ access to infrastructure (such as the internet and transport, and to credit), business flexibility (the costs of starting business and of hiring and firing), clear and fair regulations (e.g., intellectual property rights), and perceptions of meritocracy and opportunity. Source: Legatum Prosperity Index

Trade Freedom: Measures a country’s openness to international trade based on average tariff rates and non-tariff barriers to trade. Source: Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom

Biodiversity and Habitat Protection: An assessment of whether a country is protecting at least 17% of all of its biomes (e.g. deserts, forests, grasslands, tundra, etc), thereby capturing the comprehensiveness of a government’s commitment to habitat preservation and biodiversity protection. Source: Yale University and Colombia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN).


Government Capacity

Government Effectiveness: Measures the quality of public services, the quality of the civil service and its independence from political pressure, the quality of policy formulation and implementation, and the credibility of the government’s commitment to its stated policies. Source: World Bank Worldwide Governance Indicators

Efficiency of Tax Administration: Expert perceptions metric examining management of domestic resources, including tax leakages. Source: Institutional Profiles Database

Safety and Security: A combination of objective measures of security, and subjective measures of personal safety, personal freedom, and social tolerance. Source: Legatum Prosperity Index

Civil Society Capacity

Diagonal Accountability Index: Measures the range of actions and mechanisms that citizens, civil society organizations, and an independent media can use to hold a government accountable. The mechanisms include using informal tools such as social mobilization and investigative journalism Source: Varieties of Democracy

Citizen Capacity

Poverty Rate: Measures the percent of the population living under $5/day in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Source: World Bank PovCalNet

Education Quality: Indicator is based on five cross-country international tests on education achievement, allowing for a comparative evaluation of the relative performance of schooling systems around the world. Source: Institute of Research on Education (IRED)

Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs): A proxy for the size of a country’s disease burden, one “DALY” can be thought of as one lost year of "healthy" life. The sum of DALYs across a population can be thought of as a measurement of the gap between current health status and an ideal health situation. Source: World Health Organization

Capacity of the Economy

GDP/Capita: Measures the flow of resources available to households, firms, and government to finance development as the country’s total Gross Domestic Product (PPP) divided by the country’s population. Source: World Bank World Development Indicators

Export Concentration Index: Measures the diversification of a country’s export products, which can help gauge economic sophistication and resilience. Source: UNCTAD

Information and Communication Technology Use: Index consisting of: (1) internet users as percent of population; (2) fixed-broadband internet subscriptions per 100 population; (3) internet bandwidth kb/s/user; (4) mobile broadband subscriptions per 100 population; (4) mobile telephone subscriptions per 100 population; and (6) fixed telephone lines per 100 population. Source: World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Index


Last updated: April 02, 2018

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Self-Reliance Roadmaps