Расширение возможностей для уязвимых групп населения


Despite substantial state support, most of the representatives of vulnerable segments of the population in Belarus face problems of exclusion from participation in public life and inadequate assistance. There are more than 545,000 people with disabilities in Belarus.

As the recognition of modern inclusive approaches by the Government of Belarus increases, there is a growing need for knowledge and skills to organize the integration of vulnerable segments of the population into society.


  • Recognition of people with disabilities as full members of society and providing them with opportunities for full-fledged implementation. Increased inclusion of people with disabilities through the introduction of innovative services;
  • Combating human trafficking by raising awareness and promoting skills and mechanisms for safe employment;
  • Improvement of mechanisms for support and reintegration of victims of trafficking;
  • Strengthen the capacity of local NGOs to provide services and support to vulnerable groups of the population.


The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) supports vulnerable groups such as children, people with disabilities, people affected by trafficking and at risk, by developing services for different groups and strengthening the capacity of organizations that help vulnerable groups ; support efforts to protect the interests and rights of socially vulnerable groups and promote their knowledge of them in society.


Support for orphans and children left without parental care

For ten years (2005-2015), the Agency implemented a program aimed at reducing the number of orphans in orphanages and boarding schools by promoting and supporting family education. The main partner and executor of the project was the International Children's Fund (Child Fund International, USA). USAID support helped to improve the effectiveness of the system for protecting the rights of the child, expanding the opportunities for family placement and orphans. The project was extended to 168 communities from all regions of Belarus. In 2015 the program was successfully completed, having reached the main goal - to improve the situation of orphans and children in socially vulnerable situations.

Expanding opportunities for people with disabilities

USAID supports projects aimed at enhancing the opportunities for social and economic integration for people with disabilities, by strengthening the capacity of local organizations that unite disabled people. USAID also promotes inclusive education as one of the ways to integrate people with disabilities into society.

In 2014-2016 years. USAID supported the project "The Art for Inclusion of People with Disabilities", which was implemented by the Belarusian Association for Assistance to Disabled Children and Young People with Disabilities. The project was designed to create a positive image of people with disabilities, expand their opportunities and promote their inclusion in society. Currently, USAID continues to cooperate with this public organization in the framework of a new project with a budget of $ 300,000. The three-year project aims to fully support 30 regional organizations providing services to people with disabilities in their development, expanding the range and improving the quality of services, developing social enterprises, employing people with disabilities, and creating professional communities.

Counteraction to human trafficking: Belarus

USAID provides support to strengthen the capacity of Belarus to combat human trafficking by strengthening local non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The main activities of the program are aimed at providing support to victims of human trafficking, providing them with reintegration and social rehabilitation services; conducting targeted information campaigns; and to promote safe employment skills among vulnerable groups.


Support for orphans and children left without parental care

  • The national level of institutionalization of children decreased from 29.4% in 2005 to 16.5% in 2014. The average level of institutionalization in the 12 major communities participating in the project fell to 1%.
  • In 2006-2016 years. USAID promoted the methodology of Parent Resources for Information, Development and Education ( PRIDE ), which is an internationally recognized model of support for foster and guardian families. State educational bodies approved the application of this methodology locally, and subsequently expanded its application by training coaches working in 24 cities of Belarus.
  • Since 2006, 16,783 children and 19,318 adults have received assistance in the form of 718 new or improved services   in 168 different communities.
  • In cooperation with partners, USAID supported the creation of a network of 6 Education Development Institutes (IRI) for teachers and specialists in the protection of childhood. The IRO included de-institutionalization issues in regular training programs.
  • By September 2015, representatives of 168 communities from all regions of Belarus were trained on a de-institutionalization model. The model is based on strengthening parenting skills and supporting foster families.
  • New rules for protecting the rights of the child have been developed : Standards and methodological recommendations for investigating cases of abuse and neglect of the child, as well as the Standards for the Social Rehabilitation of Families in Dangerous Situations.

Expanding opportunities for people with disabilities

  • USAID supported the introduction of more than 100 new or improved services for people with disabilities through the provision of small grants to NGOs, including services such as a social respite for parents of children with disabilities, employment for young people with disabilities,
  • The scope of advocacy programs implemented by NGOs has expanded . Among the most successful public campaigns such as the "Photo race" to improve accessibility, "46 = 47" for the inclusion of children with Down syndrome, and "Free parking space" to ensure equal access to parking spaces.
  • The special working group developed a national action plan for the development of inclusive education in Belarus.

The art for the inclusion of people with disabilities

  • More than 800 specialists and volunteers received training in the promotion and protection of the rights of people with disabilities, which enabled them to understand the different aspects of excluding people with disabilities from everyday life.
  • The results of the study on assessing the level of stigma towards people with disabilities among young people formed the basis of an information campaign that covered more than 50,000 people in various creative activities promoting inclusion and opposing stereotypes.
  • In 2016, on a competitive basis, the initiatives of 14 local organizations were supported to improve the quality and access to social services, promote inclusion and employment of people with disabilities.
  • In 2017, new types of services were tested in 5 regions, their coverage was 200 people - people with disabilities and their families.  

Combating Trafficking in Human Beings: Belarus

  • USAID helped create a network to counter trafficking in human beings from 19 local NGOs and continues to support its development.
  • Free hotline , created with the support of USAID, provides advice on safe travel to 144 countries. Only in 2016, the line received more than 2200 calls.
  • More than 3,600 people received training in employment skills at training courses conducted by NGOs;
  • USAID partners conducted educational activities on threats related to trafficking in persons for more than 80,000 people at risk.
  • Since 2005, almost 2,100 people affected by trafficking in human beings have received assistance in reintegration.

Last updated: November 07, 2017

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