Every day, all over the world, USAID brings peace to those who endure violence, health to those who struggle with sickness, and prosperity to those who live in poverty. It is these individuals — these uncounted thousands of lives — that are the true measure of USAID’s successes and the true face of USAID's programs.
In the Kyrgyz Republic, women constitute a mere 23 percent of members of parliament, falling seven percent short of the mandated quota for women on electoral lists. While political parties do manage to meet the 30 percent minimum quota for their candidate lists, women are often placed in either unlikely positions for election, or party lists are changed after the elections have taken place, ensuring that fewer women are elected.
In early 2014, the USAID Reading Together Project developed the National Basic Reading Requirements. In April 2014, USAID conducted an Elementary Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) in 130 schools in the Kyrgyz Republic. EGRA results showed that only 26% of teachers use effective and innovative methods of teaching reading. It was also found that only 10% of Grade 1 & 2 students and 1% in Grade 4 meet the country’s National Basic Reading Requirements. These findings are troubling, particularly because poor reading skills negatively influence student success in all other school subjects and considerably limit their ability to obtain new knowledge.
Many citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic lack basic legal knowledge. This question is especially acute in remote areas where there are few lawyers or legal advice services. As a result, citizens face a variety of challenges from registering their land and property rights to receiving basic identity documents such as passports and birth certificates. In some families this problem has been passed from generation to generation: if parents do not have passports, they cannot obtain birth certificates for their children, who later cannot receive passports of their own. Another common issue is people who do not have official citizenship: many people still have Soviet Union passports, which are no longer valid, and thus they cannot access important basic services, receive state benefits or travel outside the country.
В Кыргызской Республике женщины составляют всего 23% от общего количества депутатов парламента, что на 7% меньше заявленной квоты для женщин в избирательных списках. Хотя политическим партиям и удается обеспечить минимальную 30-процентную квоту в списках кандидатов, женщины в этих списках часто отодвигаются на неперспективные позиции, либо партийные списки изменяются после выборов, что приводит к уменьшению количества избранных женщин.
Многим гражданам Кыргызской Республики не хватает базовых юридических знаний. В отделенных регионах, где почти нет адвокатов и юридических контор, этот вопрос особенно актуален. Программа USAID «Инициатива по прозрачному местному управлению и сотрудничеству» помогала решать эти проблемы через сеть юристов, которые предоставляли бесплатные юридические консультации в 13 районах Джалал-Абадской и Нарынской областей Кыргызской Республики.
Joy*, 49, lived a basic, comfortable life in the remote, rolling hills of Ormoc City in the central Philippine islands. She and her husband made coconut wine and sold two barrels a week to support their family.
Fisheries help fuel the Philippine economy. The country ranks eighth globally in fish production, but overfishing caused the fish population to decrease by 90 percent in the last five decades. Meanwhile, 40 percent of Filipino fishers live below the poverty line. Poor and vulnerable, feeding their families is a daily trial.
April 2015—Estefania Hernandez and Nairobi Castillo know to expect the worst when they visit a medical clinic. As members of transgender communities in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, they encounter health care providers who refer to them as “he”; who tell them to use the men’s bathroom; and who treat them with ridicule, scorn or even outright dismissal from the clinic.
Mwamba Nsebula is also a village headman in the Mporokoso district in Northern province, whose passion for helping students has only grown throughout his lifetime. In 1987, Nsebula began helping students in his village pay for their school tuition and, in 2012, he established a community literacy nsaka, or meeting place, which has now become a vibrant community literacy center.
Last updated: July 06, 2015