Somalia Map OTI

Providing stabilization support to local governments, civil society and communities previously under the control of al-Shabaab.


Somalia’s transition toward stability continues to be threatened by political volatility and security vulnerability. Despite losing control of significant territory in recent years, al-Shabaab (AS) remains a resilient insurgent force capable of launching attacks that seek to discredit the government, demoralize communities, and destabilize large areas of the country. Effective government presence remains fragile and fleeting around key population centers and along main supply roads, which often reduces recovered towns to isolated islands and constricts freedom of movement, economic activity, and humanitarian access. The U.S. Government recognizes the dangers that continued insecurity poses to East Africa, and is committed to helping Somalia address the drivers of instability.


To support the political and security transition in Somalia, USAID/OTI targets the conditions that enable violent extremist groups to destabilize the country. Working in front-line areas of Jubbaland State and South West State, USAID/OTI uses a flexible, cross-sectoral approach to partner with local government, civil society, and local communities, amplifying their engagement through media and strategic communications. USAID/OTI’s objectives in Somalia include:

  • Extending the presence of effective state authority in newly recovered areas; 
  • Strengthening reconciliation initiatives to bolster security and political gains; and
  • Productively engaging at-risk youth to deter recruitment by violent extremists.


  • USAID/OTI consolidated security gains, established government presence, and laid a foundation for humanitarian and development assistance in areas recovered from AS around Kismayo. As a result, the Government of Somalia has reclaimed 28 miles of territory along the road from Kismayo to Jamaame, expanded secure road access through brush clearance activities, and enabled over 1,000 families to return to recovered areas.
  • USAID/OTI is expanding the coverage of Radio Kismayo and Radio South West, which will potentially reach over 4 million people in rural and hard-to-reach areas that are core stabilization priorities for the Somali Government as well as key recruitment grounds for AS.
  • In the strategic town of Marka, USAID/OTI has invested in activities such as installing solar streetlights, rehabilitating government offices, and developed outreach campaigns promoting local government reach and responsiveness to community needs.
Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 16, 2020

Share This Page