Pakistan

Pakistan OTI
National Geographic Photo Camp Pakistan - Expressions of Place Through the Eyes of Young Photographers
National Geographic Photo Camp

Supporting stability and security, countering violent extremism and building a foundation for political and social development in conflict-prone communities in Pakistan.


WHY USAID/OTI IS IN PAKISTAN

USAID/OTI launched its Pakistan Transition Initiative to address the volatility and violent extremism that hampers the country’s move toward social, political and economic stability. USAID/OTI implements activities that support the U.S. Government’s foreign policy priority to counter violent extremism in the most-difficult and most-vulnerable areas of the country.

USAID/OTI’S ROLE IN PAKISTAN

USAID/OTI works in three regions of Pakistan crucial to U.S. foreign policy goals:

  • In the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), a lack of confidence and trust in government institutions is the strongest driver of violent extremism. In response, USAID/OTI partners with nascent government agencies to implement small-scale service delivery projects, such as drinking water systems and school rehabilitation through participatory processes that strengthen the relationship between local authorities and their constituent communities. 

  • Southern Punjab is central to the violent extremism challenge in Pakistan, having historically provided support and safe haven to violent extremist groups. In response, USAID/OTI develops and empowers a diverse network of individuals, organizations and government leaders to advocate for and implement community and regional countering violent extremism (CVE) initiatives.

  • In the mega-city of Karachi, social fragmentation based on deep-rooted sectarian, ethnic, political and socio-economic tensions contribute to complex security and governance challenges that violent extremist groups attempt to exploit. In response, USAID/OTI increases collaboration between community groups opposed to extremism and reduces citizens’ financial and ideological support to violent extremist groups.

PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS

  • Over the life of the program, USAID/OTI has gathered over 30,000 individuals in deliberative community consensus meetings in FATA/KP to prioritize local needs and, in turn, has helped the Government of Pakistan complete 2,700 infrastructure projects to address those needs. 
  • USAID/OTI curtails the financing of extremist groups in Southern Punjab through “safe charity” initiatives. These initiatives use media campaigns and group trainings that encourage citizens to ask questions about the intended recipients of their donations, which thereby reduce financial support to extremist groups. A majority of training participants report changing their donation practices as a result of these activities, including 80 percent of female participants and 59 percent of male participants. 

  • USAID/OTI helped create a network of over 50 civil society organizations in Karachi to combine their efforts, skills and resources to resolve major civic and social issues, including to counter the influence and divisive narratives of violent extremist groups. 

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: August 02, 2018

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