Pakistan Map OTI

Supporting stability and security, countering violent extremism and building a foundation for political and social development in conflict-prone communities in Pakistan.


USAID/OTI launched its Pakistan program in 2007 to help extend the writ of civilian authorities into ungoverned tribal areas along the Afghan border where violent extremist organizations controlled territory. USAID/OTI activities, under the Pakistan Transition Initiative (PTI), strengthen trust between tribal communities and the civilian government in support of the U.S. Government’s foreign policy priority to counter violent extremism in the most difficult and vulnerable areas of the country.


In the newly merged districts, formerly known as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), lack of confidence and trust in government institutions can fuel violent extremism. In response, USAID/OTI partners with nascent government agencies to implement small scale service delivery projects, such as drinking water systems, vocational training, and school rehabilitation. These projects are implemented through participatory processes that strengthen the relationship between local authorities and their constituents.


  • Over the lifespan of the program, USAID/OTI has gathered over 21,000 individuals in community consensus meetings to prioritize local needs and has supported the Government of Pakistan in executing 1,679 infrastructure projects to address those needs.
  • USAID/OTI’s livelihoods programming promotes the return of displaced persons to Khyber Agency. Conflict and militancy led to the displacement of more than 98,000 rural families between 2006 and 2015. Following a military campaign to rid the region of militants in 2015, families started returning to their communities, but faced the daunting task of restarting their agricultural livelihoods. USAID/OTI has supported the Government of Pakistan in efforts to revive critical livelihoods, improve agricultural production, and build the capacity of local farmers. These efforts contributed to the overall return of more than 96,000 families to Khyber Agency by mid-2018.
  • The USAID/OTI program will close in September 2019. However, the USAID/Pakistan Mission will build upon USAID/OTI’s work through two Community Resilience Activities (CRA) – North and South. CRA-North is similar to PTI, except for its enhanced emphasis on Countering Violent Extremism (CVE). The new Community Resilience Office (CRO) has been staffed with Mission personnel to manage these efforts, and USAID/OTI is ensuring CRO’s successful launch by providing technical assistance, IT resources, and workshops on adaptive program management and CVE methods. USAID/OTI’s locally employed staff and a former OTI monitoring and evaluation advisor have also joined CRO to maintain institutional memory and best practices.
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Last updated: March 27, 2019

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