Gender Awareness Campaign - Female students lead a discussion in Tripoli
Gender Awareness Campaign - Female students lead a discussion in Tripoli

Bolstering responsive governance to support a more stable and unified Libya.


Libya has shifted from experiencing a potentially positive transition to sliding toward collapse. After six years of chronic instability and a persistent governance and security vacuum, average Libyans increasingly frame their aspirations in terms of securing basic services, ensuring minimal security and financial survival. National reconciliation and political transition will only be possible if the country can prevent growing unrest, angst and instability from crossing a point of no return, a situation that would pose serious risks to U.S. national security.


USAID/OTI bolsters the U.S. Government’s efforts to assist Libyans in establishing a unified, democratic government capable of securing its territory, controlling its resources and providing services to its citizens. A stable and unified Libya will reduce the ability of violent extremist groups to operate in North Africa. USAID/OTI’s Libya Transition Initiative (LTI) aims to reinforce Libyan resilience to further fragmentation and spoilers. To achieve this objective, LTI leverages targeted, timely and locally driven projects that:

  • Accelerate early recovery in strategic conflict-affected areas; 
  • Reinforce local reconciliation initiatives;
  • Promote citizen confidence in inclusive, representative public institutions; and
  • Reduce influence of extremist groups and values that advocate for the use of violence.


USAID/OTI’s recent work capitalizes on more than six years of programming in-country and relationships with more than 165 local partners to:

  • Mobilize local stakeholders to support stabilization in Sirte, liberated from the Islamic State in late 2016. USAID/OTI launched 17 projects with local partners, including the Sirte Municipal Council, the Sirte Returning Families Committee and the Sirte Scouts to support recovery in Sirte, including distributing food and school supplies to returning residents; repairing and re-equipping local government buildings and headquarters for civil society organizations; and restoring economic opportunities by reopening a damaged factory, a fishery and irrigation networks.
  • Support municipal councils across the country to improve their relationships with aggrieved citizens through improved service delivery. For example, after overcrowding in schools led students, parents and teachers to complain, USAID/OTI supported the Shahat Municipal Council to refurbish 17 schools, buy new school equipment and conduct a public outreach campaign.
  • Reinforce family relationships, including women’s unique capacities in the community, to identify and counter violent extremist behaviors and support reconciliation of local conflicts previously exploited by extremist groups. 
Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: February 28, 2018

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