Libya Map OTI

Bolstering responsive governance to support a more stable and unified Libya.


Libya has shifted from experiencing a potentially positive transition to sliding toward collapse. After seven years of chronic instability and operating in a persistent governance and security vacuum, average Libyans are increasingly advocating for securing basic services, ensuring minimal security, and financial survival. National reconciliation and political transition will only be possible if the country can prevent growing unrest, angst, and instability from crossing a point of no return, a situation that would pose serious risks to U.S. national security.


USAID/OTI bolsters the U.S. Government’s efforts to assist Libyans in establishing a unified, democratic government capable of securing its territory, controlling its resources, and providing services to its citizens. A stable and unified Libya will reduce the ability of violent extremist groups to operate in North Africa. USAID/OTI’s Libya Transition Initiative (LTI) aims to reinforce Libyan resilience to further fragmentation and spoilers. To achieve this objective, LTI leverages targeted, timely, and locally driven projects that:

  • Accelerate early recovery and stability in strategic conflict-affected areas;
  • Promote citizen confidence in their public institutions; and
  • Reduce the influence of extremist organizations while supporting the inclusion of strategic marginalized groups.


USAID/OTI’s recent work capitalizes on more than six years of programming to:

  • Mobilize local stakeholders to support stabilization in Sirte, which was liberated from the Islamic State in late 2016. USAID/OTI launched 30 projects  with local partners, such as the Sirte Municipal Council, the Sirte Returning Families Committee and the Sirte Scouts, to support recovery in Sirte, including delivering 13 garbage trucks to resume regular garbage collection; distributing food and school supplies to returning residents; repairing and re-equipping local government buildings and headquarters of civil society organizations; and restoring economic opportunities by reopening a damaged factory, a fishery, and irrigation networks.
  • Support municipal councils across the country to improve their relationships with aggrieved citizens through improved service delivery. After overcrowding in schools led to complaints from students, parents, and teachers, USAID/OTI supported the Municipal Council to refurbish 17 schools, buy new school equipment, and conduct a public outreach campaign.
  • Help minimize resentment among conflict-affected communities in the South by delivering emergency medical supplies to residents.
Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: March 27, 2019

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