Chad

2017-2018

WHY USAID/OTI WAS IN CHAD

Chad was a central component in a regional strategy to defeat Boko Haram and ISIS-West Africa (BH and ISIS-WA). Lake Chad served as an intersection for the greater Sahel, attracting individuals and groups with economic opportunities and historically serving as a sanctuary for criminals and rebel groups. The Chadian government’s response to the BH and ISIS-WA threat has primarily been military in nature. Security forces' ramped up presence around Lake Chad enacted a state of emergency, prompting a large wave of internal displacement. While the government regained large areas of the lake and residents slowly returned, there remains limited civilian government engagement. With USAID/OTI programming in Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon, the USAID/OTI Chad program provided a further link across the political, social and economic spheres of the Lake Chad Basin. 

USAID/OTI’S ROLE IN CHAD

USAID/OTI’s Chad program sought to strengthen local efforts within targeted communities in the Lake Chad Basin to withstand or counter violent extremist threats. This facilitated the promotion of development and longer-term state and non-state investments in Chad. To achieve these goals, USAID/OTI’s Chad program aimed to:

  • Increase stability in targeted communities vulnerable to extremist threats in the Lake Region; and 
  • Strengthen the effectiveness of institutions and local initiatives that addressed violent extremism in communities affected by BH and ISIS-WA.

PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS

USAID/OTI’s agility and locally driven approach positioned it well to undertake countering violent extremism efforts. USAID/OTI’s iterative programming methodology allowed for designing, testing and adjusting region- and community-specific, hypothesis-driven activities at a pace consistent with the dynamic challenges facing Lake Chad Basin due to BH and ISIS-WA. Further, USAID/OTI’s flexible implementation mechanisms and grassroots-level programming enabled engagement with a wide range of local partners in challenging security environments. Possible activities may have included, but were not limited to, community improvement, conflict mitigation, addressing youth grievances and strengthening community cohesion. 

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: March 29, 2019

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