Burma OTI
An 8-year-old novice Buddhist monk, Shway, poses inside the monastery adjacent to the Chaukhtatgyi pagoda.

Working to deepen and sustain the reform process and foster legitimate, inclusive peacebuilding processes through support to the government, civil society and other key stakeholders.



On April 1, 2016, the National League of Democracy (NLD) formed the first democratically elected government of Burma in decades. Yet Burma continues to face complex, simultaneous and multi-dimensional transitions from authoritarian rule to democracy, intercommunal and armed conflict to peace, and a centrally controlled, planned economy to market-led economic policies. USAID/OTI entered Burma in 2012 during the window of opportunity created by initial reforms under the military-led government, supporting work to deepen and sustain reforms and foster legitimate processes for pursuing peace.


USAID/OTI works to deepen and sustain the reform process and foster legitimate, inclusive peacebuilding processes by focusing on these objectives:

  • Enhancing the ability of key stakeholders to engage in the peace process;
  • Supporting the government and civil society to advance reforms;
  • Reducing the influence of the drivers of intercommunal conflict; and
  • Enhancing access to services for survivors of explosive ordnance and persons with disabilities.


  • USAID/OTI brings together political parties, civil society organizations and ethnic armed groups to discuss the peace process and build a culture of dialogue, contributing to the signing of a Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) in October 2015 by eight ethnic armed groups and ongoing efforts for a sustainable peace between all groups after decades of armed conflict.
  • USAID/OTI empowers communities to avoid destabilizing outbreaks of intercommunal conflict, from both inter religoius and inter ethnic tensions. For example, Shan and Ta’ang armed groups have been locked in conflict since November 2015 in parts of Northern Shan State. USAID/OTI brought together more than 100 participants from Shan and Ta'ang communities to discuss community tensions and possible solutions in August 2016. Despite ongoing military offenses, participants agreed to form committees to jointly monitor violence and promote reconciliation activities.
  • USAID/OTI strengthens civil society engagement with the Government of Burma in drafting legislation and creating opportunities for dialogue and providing civil society with access to technical and subject matter expertise. Critical laws, such as the Disability Rights Law, Anti-Violence against Women Law and Association Registration Law better reflect democratic principles and more effectively protect the rights of Burma’s citizens because of civil society’s involvement in the legislative drafting process.
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Last updated: January 31, 2017

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