Water Security Under Climate Risks: A Philippine Climate Change Adaptation Strategy for the Agriculture Sector

Water Security Under Climate Risks: A Philippine Climate Change Adaptation Strategy for the Agriculture Sector

The project, also known as the Bicol Agri-Water Project (BAWP) seeks to improve water security thus, enhancing agricultural development under climate variability and change. With Php 61.5 million funding ($1.5 million) support from USAID, the project is implemented by the University of the Philippines Los Banos Foundation, Inc. for five (5) years, starting in September 2012.

BAWP showcases climate change adaptation strategies within farming communities and promotes improved watershed management strategies within the Buhi-Barit Watershed Reservation of Buhi, Camarines Sur and Quinale A Watershed of Polangui, Albay. These practices help to minimize the effects of climate hazards on lowland rice farming communities of Nabua, Camarines Sur. The project uses a watershed approach as the water supply in the lowlands is highly influenced by the state of upland resources.

Selection of adaptation strategies may be constrained by competing priorities, knowledge gaps and lack of information for adaptation decisions. It is therefore necessary to work closely with various stakeholders such as farmers, local government units, water and watershed managers to develop needs-based decision-support tools to inform scenarios that address barriers and gaps and translate adaptation plans into actions that are also sensitive to gender differentiation.

At the farm level, BAWP conducts activities that increase the knowledge and skills of farmers on climate change adaptation strategies, primarily through Climate Field Schools; demonstrate climate risk resilient agricultural technologies; and establish small scale irrigation systems.

To support the development of decision support tools and their integration in agricultural development planning and decision-making, BAWP establishes rainfall data collection instruments in the study sites, trains farmers on rainfall data collection, develops decision support tools for water resource allocation at the sub-watershed scale, establishes a knowledge sharing portal, prepares Seasonal Climate Outlook and Advisories, and conduct other relevant training programs.

BAWP strengthens climate risk resilient water governance capacities by analyzing the policy and institutional landscape of the study watersheds, conducting training activities on policy analysis and policy advocacy, and supporting the preparation of local ordinances and sub-watershed level agreements.

These activities are done in partnership with International Research Institute for Climate and Society-Columbia University, USA, Department of Agriculture-Regional Field Unit 5, Bicol University College of Agriculture and Forestry, Central Bicol State University of Agriculture, Provincial Governments of Albay, and Camarines Sur, Municipal Governments of Buhi and Nabua, Camarines Sur and Municipal Government of Polangui, Albay, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Region 5, National Irrigation Administration Region 5, National Power Corporation Region 5, Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical & Astronomical Services Administration Region 5, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Irrigators’ Associations in Quinale A and Buhi-Barit Watersheds.

Enhance climate change adaptation for food security in the Bicol region.

Improve irrigation water management by realizing three intermediate results or outcomes:

  • Capacities of farmers to adapt to climate variability and change enhanced;
  • Decision support tools for adoption by farmers and other stakeholders developed; and
  • Climate risk resilient water governance capacities strengthened.

Sept. 2012-Sept 2017

Last updated: September 21, 2015

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