Land rights in Afghanistan are governed by overlapping and conflicting legal systems, including informal systems, civil law, traditional (Sharia) law, and state laws. This has resulted in a poor land management system that has hindered private-sector investment, stunted economic growth, and fed instability. The Land Reform in Afghanistan (LARA) project seeks to develop a robust, Afghan-owned and managed land market framework that encourages investment and productivity growth, supports the resolution/mitigation of land-based conflict, and builds confidence in the legitimacy of the Afghan Government. LARA will provide technical assistance and support to government institutions that address land issues, particularly the Afghanistan Land Authority (Arazi), the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL), the Supreme Court, and the Ministry of Urban Development Affairs (MUDA). The project will develop Afghan capacity to successfully design, manage, and implement land tenure reform for land market development. LARA will support improved land tenure security by helping develop a process for upgrading informal settlements and formalizing land occupants’ rights in Jalalabad.