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Irrigation and Watershed Management Program (IWMP)
The goal of the Irrigation and Watershed Management Program (IWMP) is to expand and enhance Afghan government and community-level capacity to manage water resources to improve agricultural production and productivity. The five-year, $130 million dollar program, will achieve this objective through activities in four component areas: (1) governance and capacity building; (2) water supply management; (3) water demand management; and, (4) assistance to the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) in implementing complementary activities that are funded with additional on-budget support.
Within these component areas, the IWMP will implement a range of activities that address water management for agricultural purposes across entire watersheds, including irrigation system rehabilitation and construction, small-scale water storage projects, watershed conservation such as forestry and rangeland rehabilitation and management, on-farm water management, improvement to water governance, and community-based water resource management. All such activities will assist the MAIL in implementing its responsibilities under Afghanistan’s 2009 Water Law.
The IWMP will provide technical assistance and other support to MAIL. Also, MAIL will directly receive up to $100 million in on-budget funding support to design, execute and monitor activities that complement work being done by the IWMP implementing partner. It will benefit from pilot activities demonstrated by the implementing partner, as well as through its own experience in developing on-budget projects. MAIL and the implementing partner will work hand-in-hand to enhance MAIL’s ability to replicate and expand programming when the IWMP ends. The IWMP will be launched in the Northern River Basin, centered in Balkh province. Together, the implementing partner and MAIL will later expand the program to an eastern province.