- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
July 13, 2015
Food Security Situation
Niger is one of the least developed countries worldwide, ranking last on the UN Development Program (UNDP) 2014 Human Development Index. The majority of households in Niger face chronic food insecurity, due to structural vulnerabilities, including reliance on subsistence rain-fed agriculture with increasing rainfall variance and harsh climatic conditions. Basic social services are especially limited in the rural areas.
Ongoing Boko Haram-related conflict, an influx of Nigerian refugees, population displacement, land degradation, and climate change have exacerbated food insecurity and weakened the resilience of the most vulnerable populations. According to the Famine Early Warning System (FEWS NET), the effects of the conflict on local markets and livelihoods may prevent poor households in pastoral zones in Diffa from meeting their food needs, leading to crisis levels (Integrated Phase Classification 3) of food insecurity.
Food Assistance Programs
USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food insecure individuals through cash-based and in-kind emergency projects. FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) country-wide, UNICEF country-wide, Mercy Corps in the Tillaberi region, Samaritan’s Purse and other nongovernmental organizations in the Diffa region, and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in the Tahoua and Tillaberi regions.
FFP and its partners are providing critical food assistance to displaced Nigeriens, Nigerian and Malian refugees, and host communities affected by conflict through a combination of cash transfers, food vouchers, U.S. in-kind food aid, and local and regional procurement. WFP is also providing assistance to chronically vulnerable communities to strengthen their capacity to cope with shocks, while ensuring a strong and flexible food and cash-based safety net. FFP also supports a joint WFP-FAO project that implements seasonal livelihood programming, agricultural training, small-scale irrigation projects, and community-based planning. In light of persistently high acute malnutrition rates, FFP is also supporting UNICEF activities in-country through the distribution of locally procured therapeutic foods.
FFP supports three integrated development food assistance programs with Catholic Relief Services, Mercy Corps, and Save the Children to reduce food insecurity and malnutrition and improve community resilience among rural households in the Maradi and Zinder regions. The programs target over 500,000 individuals and aim to promote positive behavior change in nutrition, health, hygiene, sanitation, and agriculture, as well as diversify livelihoods through livestock, savings and lending, and literacy activities.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$65.4 million||33,700 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$90.2 million||34,269 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$43.8 million||22,080 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$106.0 million||66,538 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$54.5 million||42,840 MT|
Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$7.4 million||5,770 MT|
|Title II Emergency||$40.1 million||25,970 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$17.9 million||1,960 MT|
Food Security Situation includes information from WFP and UNHCR
FY 2015 contribution based on funds obligated to date
Country Specific Guidance
Last updated: July 13, 2015