Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Niger

July 22, 2016

Food Security Situation

  • Niger is one of the least developed countries worldwide, ranking last on the UN Development Program (UNDP) 2015 Human Development Index. The majority of households in Niger face chronic food insecurity due to structural vulnerabilities including reliance on subsistence rain-fed agriculture with increasing rainfall variance and harsh climatic conditions. Basic social services are especially limited in rural areas. 
  • In Niger’s Diffa region, ongoing Boko Haram-related conflict, an influx of Nigerian refugees, and internal population displacement have left local populations in a dire situation and highly food insecure. Additionally, land degradation, and climate change have exacerbated food insecurity and weakened the resilience of Diffa residents. According to the Famine Early Warning System (FEWS NET), the effects of the conflict on local markets and livelihoods may prevent poor households in pastoral zones in Diffa from meeting their food needs, leading to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity, which is expected to continue through calendar year 2016. 
Map of Niger
CIA World Factbook

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with UN and non-governmental organizations to provide critical emergency food assistance to displaced Nigeriens, Nigerian and Malian refugees, and host communities affected by conflict through a combination of cash transfers, food vouchers, U.S. in-kind food aid, and local and regional procurement.
  • FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to provide assistance to chronically vulnerable communities across Niger to strengthen their capacity to cope with shocks, while ensuring a strong and flexible food and cash-based safety net. FFP also supports a joint WFP-FAO project that implements seasonal livelihood programming, agricultural training, small-scale irrigation projects, and community-based planning. In light of persistently high acute malnutrition rates, FFP is also supporting UNICEF activities in-country through the distribution of locally procured therapeutic foods.
  • FFP supports three integrated development food assistance programs with Catholic Relief Services, Mercy Corps, and Save the Children to reduce food insecurity and malnutrition and improve community resilience among rural households in the Maradi and Zinder regions. The programs target over 500,000 individuals and aim to promote positive behavior change in nutrition, health, hygiene, sanitation, and agriculture, as well as diversify livelihoods through livestock, savings and lending, and literacy activities.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016 $57.4 million* 28,194 MT*
Fiscal Year 2015 $69.2 million 34,190 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $90.2 million 34,269 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $43.8 million 22,080 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $106.0 million 66,538 MT

*Includes planned Title II Development figures for FY 2016. 

Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development $7 million**  2,300 MT**
Community Development Funds (CDF) $11.4 million --
Title II Emergency $34 million 21,278 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $5 million 4,616 MT

**Title II Development figures are planned for FY 2016.

Food Security Situation includes information from WFP and UNHCR
FY 2016 contribution based on funds obligated to date

Country Specific Guidance

Last updated: July 26, 2016

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