Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Niger

Map of Niger
Map of Niger

April 12, 2018


  • Extreme poverty, limited livelihood opportunities, civil conflict, regional instability and recurrent environmental shocks contribute to food insecurity in Niger. The Boko Haram-related insurgency has led to the internal displacement of 129,000 Nigeriens, while regional instability has forced Malians and Nigerians to cross into Niger in search of shelter and protection. As of March, the UN reported that Niger hosted approximately 57,100 Malian refugees and 108,500 Nigerian refugees.
  • The UN 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan for Niger requests $338 million to respond to humanitarian needs in the country. Nearly two-thirds of the budget represents food security and nutrition assistance; countrywide, the UN identifies 1.4 million and 1.7 million people who need food and nutrition support, respectively.
  • Civil insecurity and conflict have particularly disrupted livelihood activities, agricultural production, and trade in parts of Diffa Region, where Crisis (IPC 3) levels of acute food insecurity will persist until September 2018, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).* FEWS NET also projects that poor pasture conditions, low livestock prices, and an early pastoral lean season will likely result in Stressed (IPC 2) levels of food insecurity for some herding populations through July, with certain impoverished herders potentially experiencing Crisis acute food insecurity between June and July in the absence of humanitarian assistance. Additionally, some vulnerable agricultural households in southern Niger will likely experience Stressed levels of food insecurity until September due to inadequate crop production and prematurely depleted food stocks.

*The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal—IPC 1—to Famine—IPC 5.


  • USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with UN agencies and non-governmental organizations to provide critical emergency food assistance to displaced Nigeriens, vulnerable host communities, and Nigerian and Malian refugees through a combination of food vouchers, U.S. in-kind food aid, and locally and regionally procured food. To respond to persistently high malnutrition levels, FFP enables the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to distribute locally procured ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat children suffering from severe acute malnutrition.
  • FFP works with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to assist chronically food-insecure communities across Niger, strengthening their resilience and capacity to cope with destabilizing shocks, such as droughts and floods.
  • In the Maradi and Zinder regions, FFP supports three long-term development interventions with Catholic Relief Services, Mercy Corps, and Save the Children, reducing food insecurity and improving rural households’ resilience. The programs target an estimated 500,000 individuals and aim to promote positive behavior change in nutrition, health, hygiene, sanitation, and agriculture, as well as diversify livelihoods through livestock, savings and lending, and literacy activities. FFP’s resilience interventions contribute to the USAID Resilience in the Sahel Enhanced (RISE) initiative in Niger.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2018 $41.0 million 23,010 MT
Fiscal Year 2017 $87.4 million 39,672 MT
Fiscal Year 2016 $75.3 million 27,524 MT

* Metric tonnage does not reflect funding for vouchers or cash transfers.


Country Specific Guidance

Related Resources

Last updated: April 13, 2018

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