Fact Sheets

Speeches Shim

Exclusive breastfeeding ranks as the number one preventative child survival intervention globally. The Jordan Population and Family and Health Survey of 2017-2018 found that although breastfeeding is common, only 26 percent of infants are exclusively breastfed during the first six months of life, and usually for less than a month—far below the recommended six months.

While Jordan has a talented health workforce, until 2018 there was no requirement for healthcare providers to complete continuing professional development to advance their skills, nor a national system to track the renewal of their licenses to practice.

Jordan is currently home to more than 770,000 UNHCR-registered refugees representing 56 nationalities, including approximately 670,000 registered Syrians. At the beginning of the crisis in Syria, Jordan provided UNHCR-registered Syrians fleeing conflict with free access to public sector healthcare services.

Jordan has made considerable progress in improving reproductive, maternal, and child health outcomes. For example, in recent decades, Jordan has achieved a 23 percent reduction in the total fertility rate and cut the under-five mortality rate by almost half. However, significant challenges remain and are exacerbated by a declining national health budget, a growing population, a large influx of refugees due to regional conflicts, old and overcrowded health facilities, and, most recently, the COVID-19 pandemic.

Strong public and health policy is based on accurate data. Since 1990, USAID and the Government of Jordan have collaborated to conduct seven Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), which provide comprehensive data on fertility, mortality, family planning, maternal and child health, and nutrition as a tool for assessing existing population and health programs and policies.

Jordan faces a dual burden of overnutrition and undernutrition. The Jordan Population and Family Health Survey of 2017-2018 identified a number of startling findings, including that 55 percent of Jordanian women were overweight, and nearly 17 percent of newborns had a low birth weight – one of the highest percentages in the Middle East.

After years of upheaval across the Middle East, Jordan faces an urgent challenge meeting the healthcare needs of its citizens, as well as of over 650,000 registered Syrian refugees. Many hospitals are overcrowded, the quality of core health services has deteriorated, and Jordan struggles to finance the surge in demand for healthcare.

This morning, Administrator Power delivered a speech on the global food crisis at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), co-hosted by the Eleanor Crook Foundation. The speech followed the Administrator's trips to Zambia and Malawi where she met with local farmers, agri business leaders and government officials to discuss the impact of Russia’s war against Ukraine on food security and nutrition in the region.

Known as the Cradle of Civilization, present-day Iraq is a land where some of humanity’s most ancient stories were born. USAID supports the preservation of cultural heritage that offers self-definition and a spirit of community to oppressed religious and ethno-religious minorities in Iraq.

The Inclusive Justice Activity facilitates justice service access for citizens living in rural and violence-affected areas.  The activity strengthens investigations, prosecutions, and reparations for high-impact crimes, and expands access to quality justice through community and state-led dispute resolution.  The activity also increases trust in the Colombian justice system through reduced impunity, improved access to justice services, and increased respect for rule of law. This activity works with Colombian actors like the Ministry of Justice, municipal governments, and other justice sector institutions, including transitional justice actors established by the 2016 Peace Accord, like Truth Commission, the Unit Search for the Search of Missing Persons, and the Special Jurisdiction for Peace. The activity works in 76 municipalities, and it runs from January 2022 to January 2027.

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Last updated: December 06, 2022

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