Fact Sheets

Speeches Shim

Despite a decade-long conflict and other political challenges, Nepal has made remarkable progress in expanding learning opportunities for children and adults. Since 1990, net primary school enrollment rates have increased from 64 to 96 percent, with near gender parity. However, the quality of education remains low, as are secondary school completion rates.

Under the SSDP, the Ministry of Education (MOE) prioritizes reading as a foundational skill for life and has launched the National Early Grade Reading Program (NEGRP).  In recognizing the importance of strengthening country ownership, sustainability, and technical capacity to improve early grade reading, USAID directly channels assistance through host country systems to support the implementation and scale up of NEGRP.  In 2014, USAID commenced a five-year commitment of direct budget support to the MOE to implement NEGRP in 16 districts in the Eastern, Central, Western, Mid-Western and Far-Western regions. USAID’s support will help improve reading skills of one million children in grades 1-3.

The April and May 2015 earthquakes in Nepal destroyed or significantly damaged over 755,000 homes, making housing the single largest reconstruction need and the Government of Nepal’s (GON) highest priority. USAID/Nepal is funding a number of complementary initiatives to help meet this need and support the GON’s owner-driven housing reconstruction efforts.

USAID’s commitment to Nepal has stood the test of time. In the aftermath of the devastating April 25 earthquake, our commitment remains stronger than ever. On June 25, 2015, the United States government announced $130 million to support Nepal’s earthquake relief and recovery needs. This contribution builds upon USAID’s investments on disaster preparedness, and is only the beginning of our contribution to Nepal’s earthquake recovery, which will span multiple years.

USAID’s Suaahara II “Good Nutrition” Program aims to improve the nutritional status of women and children in 40 underserved rural districts of Nepal. This will be achieved through a multi-sector partnership with the Government of Nepal, the private sector, and other USAID-funded projects in overlapping districts.

USAID supports schools that are safe spaces, free of all forms of gender-based violence, where girls and boys are able to equitably learn and become empowered to protect themselves and counter harmful social norms and practices.

PAHAL is a five-year, $37 million project that seeks to strengthen livelihoods, improve nutritional status, and increase the capacity of vulnerable households to mitigate, adapt to, and recover from shocks and stresses in rural communities. Mercy Corps and its partners target individuals, households, communities, and systems to help build the resilience of up to 160,000 households, in 14 foodinsecure districts in Nepal.

Nepal has an undercurrent of pervasive, patriarchal social structures and a deep-rooted ethnic caste system woven into the fabric of an otherwise rich, diverse cultural heritage, restricting progress in all major development sectors. For Nepal to become a more democratic and resilient society, it must give women and girls, those who identify as LGBT, people who are differently abled, and those who come from historically marginalized ethnic groups equal access to resources and decision-making opportunities.

Violent clashes, unrest continue to impede the delivery of food, fuel, and other critical humanitarian supplies. UN, USG warn of a possible humanitarian crisis, call on parties to resolve border impasse. An estimated 81,000 earthquake-affected households require winterization support.

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Last updated: January 28, 2022

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