Fact Sheets

Malawi has a young population: 66 percent of its 17 million people are under age 25; 53 percent are 18 and younger*. 16.7 percent of children under 18 are Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC). 

Malawi has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios globally, currently estimated at 5.7 maternal deaths per 1,000 live births. Adolescent pregnancies comprise 25 percent of all births and 20 percent of maternal deaths. Neonatal mortality, often caused by birth asphyxia, premature birth, and infection, is estimated at 29 per 1,000 live births, while under-five mortality, mostly caused by malaria, diarrhea, and pneumonia, is estimated at 84 per 1000 live births.

Although national HIV prevalence decreased from 12 percent in 2004 to 10.6 percent in 2010, Malawi continues to face a severe epidemic. There are an estimated 1.1 million Malawians living with HIV and over 771,000 orphaned children, many due to AIDS.

USAID collaborates with development partners and civil society to address rapid population growth, which remains a significant development challenge in Malawi. In fact, the population is expected to nearly triple by 2040 which will further stress the country’s overwhelming issue of food insecurity.

Malawi faces a range of challenges to sustainably finance and efficiently manage the delivery of high-quality health services. There is a severe shortage of adequately trained health personnel across all professional cadres, and it is difficult to train, retain, supervise, and manage existing workers within the health system. There are also critical gaps in supply chain management, information systems, and infrastructure.

USAID Malawi works with the Government of Malawi (GoM) to address health-related challenges such as HIV/ AIDS, malaria, and undernourishment. While the country now has access to some of the commodities that can help fight several of these national challenges, in many cases, the country struggles to get these resources to the people who need them.

To address the critical need of developing Afghanistan’s higher education sector, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) established the American University of Afghanistan (AUAF) in 2006.  USAID is funding the construction of a new dormitory at AUAF through its women’s empowerment program, Promote.

Долбоордун максаты – Кыргыз Республикасында кургак учуктун залакасын азайтуу. Долбоордун иши бул оорунун дары-дармекке туруктуу түрүнүн таралышын чектөөгө, калктын аярлуу топтору үчүн кургак учук боюнча сапаттуу кызматка жол ачууга жана улуттук саламаттык сактоо системасын чыңдоого багытталган.

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) funds the Training, Economic Empowerment, Assistive Technologies and Medical Rehabilitation (TEAM) project to increase availability and access to programs that help persons with disabilities in conflict-affected countries.

The U.S. Agency for International Development partners with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in the IOM X campaign to encourage safe migration and public action to stop human trafficking and raise awareness among youth about the dangers of being exploited.

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Last updated: July 23, 2017