Integrated Pest Management Innovation Lab (IPM IL) Project

USAID-funded Integrated Pest Management Innovation Lab (IPM IL) project was designed in response to the increased use of pesticides that accompanies increased horticultural production. While pesticides help to control plant pests and diseases, their use, particularly in excess, can be harmful to people as well as ecosystems in general. Integrated Pest Management is the use of multiple practices to reduce and eliminate pesticide use. IPM practices include crop rotation, inter-cropping, selecting resistant varieties, using pest traps, and a host of other practices. IPM IL is implemented by Virginia Tech in partnership with Development Enterprises (iDE), Center for Agricultural and Environmental Policy, Research and Development (CEAPRED) and the Nepal Agriculture Research Council (NARC).


The $500,000 IPM IL activity seeks to promote integrated pest management practices in select horticultural crops in order to reduce pesticide use and crop losses to pest and plant diseases. The project focuses on vegetable crops such as tomato, eggplant, gourd, cauliflower, cabbage, radish, broccolli and cucumber. The IPM IL projectworks with the other U.S. Government Feed the Future Initiative implementers in Nepal, mainly the Knowledge Based Integrated Agriculture and Nutrition (KISAN) project, who will scale up the work of IPM IL in the hills and Terai (plains) across 20 districts in the hills and Terai of the Mid-West and Far-West regions.

IPM IL will achieve this objective by:

  • Increasing farmer incomes
  • Improving IPM research and education capabilities
  • Improving pest monitoring
  • Transfering IPM technologies to farmers
  • Increasing the involvement of women in IPM decision-making
  • Supporting the establishment of markets with commercial agriculture input suppliers for IPM products


Adapt and Implement IPM Practices for Vegetable Crops:

  • Provide improved IPM technologies to vegetable farmer and marketing groups;
  • Establish agriculture demonstration sites to promote adoption of IPM practices for tomato, eggplant and cucumber in Banke and Surkhet districts;
  • Complete the development of IPM practices for gourds, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and radish; and
  • Train government extension workers, scientists, farmers, and other stakeholders on effective use of IPM practices.


Build Capacity of Nepali Partners:

  • Train Nepali scientists in laboratory production of biological controls for plant pests and diseases (Trichoderma sp., Pseudomonas fluorescens, and Bacillus subtilis) through exposure study tours  in India and Bangladesh; and
  • Provide on-the-job training on plant pest and disease control by bringing in expert scientists from U.S. universities. 

Support Private Sector Involvement in IPM Technologies:

  • Identify and support local entrepreneurs with potential for developing bio-pesticides ( such as the beneficial  bacteria that naturally fight plant diseases) and IPM product supply chains; and
  • Assist agro-vets in procurement and supply of bio-pesticides by linking them with producers.

Support Gender Equality and Women’s Participation:

  • Assess men/women’s roles in determining pest and disease problems;
  • Identify the impact on women of implementing various IPM practices; and
  • Increase women’s participation in providing and receiving technology transfer to farmers and institutional capacity-building.



  • Increased adoption of IPM by farmers;
  • Improved pest management through IPM practices;
  • Greater involvement of women farmers in field trials and training;
  • Strengthened private sector capacity to supply IPM products such as beneficial soil bacteria and bio-pesticides;
  • Improved training of agriculture experts and lead farmers on IPM technologies;
  • Increased number of profitable, environmentally friendly IPM technologies available to farmers; and
  • Scaling up of IPM practices through partnership with KISAN, government agriculture extension services, and agro-vets.

Last updated: December 18, 2013

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