Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Mozambique

Map of Mozambique
Map of Mozambique

December 7, 2017


  • Natural disasters and chronic poverty contribute to food insecurity in Mozambique, a nation of approximately 28 million people. The UN World Food Program (WFP) reports that Mozambique is highly susceptible to environmental shocks, including droughts, cyclones and floods, which undermine economic development and damage livelihoods and infrastructure. Furthermore, approximately 46 percent of Mozambicans subsist under the national poverty line, according to the World Bank.
  • Two consecutive years of El Niño-related drought in southern Africa severely disrupted crop production and income-generating activities in many regions of Mozambique; the crisis peaked in early 2017, when more than 2 million Mozambicans were acutely food insecure.
  • Although many households are recovering, food insecurity remains a significant problem in Mozambique. Above-average harvests in mid-2017 will allow most areas of Mozambique to experience Minimal (IPC 1) food insecurity through May 2018, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).* However, FEWS NET anticipates that populations in parts of Sofala, Manica and Tete provinces will face Stressed (IPC 2) or Crisis (IPC 3) levels of food insecurity until the harvest in mid-April, and some affected households will require humanitarian assistance to meet their basic food needs. The nation’s Technical Secretariat of Food Security and Nutrition (SETSAN) also expects that more than 361,000 Mozambicans will be acutely food insecure between October 2017 and March 2018. Furthermore, concerning levels of acute malnutrition have been noted in localized districts across the nation, according to the latest IPC acute malnutrition analysis. 

* The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC 1) to Famine (IPC 5).


  • The USAID Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with WFP to provide emergency food assistance in Mozambique. To restore livelihoods and improve the resilience of vulnerable, shock-affected Mozambican communities, WFP distributes food vouchers and locally purchased food through cash- and food-for-assets activities. In this versatile program, beneficiaries work together to restore barren land, build roads, install irrigation systems, or construct other productive community infrastructure. In exchange, participants improve their income-generating capacity and receive food vouchers or in-kind food assistance, thereby reducing their vulnerability to future crises and bolstering their access to food.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2017 $14.1 million 8,227 MT
Fiscal Year 2016 $22.2 million 18,074 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $2.0 million 2,603 MT

* Metric tonnage does not reflect funding for vouchers or cash transfers.

Related Resources

Last updated: December 07, 2017

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