Due to meager educational infrastructure, only 40 percent of Mauritanian youth complete primary school and 60,000 students drop out of school each year. As Mauritania imports about 65 percent of its food, rising world food prices threaten economic and food security – particularly for the 42 percent of the population which lives below the poverty line. Furthermore, longstanding ethnic tensions and the presence of extremist groups pose ongoing security challenges, threatening the stability established since the 2009 democratic elections (following a 2008 military coup).
Los Estados Unidos y México tienen fuertes lazos sociales, culturales y económicos, preocupaciones compartidas en temas de seguridad, y una frontera que los une. México, como país de ingreso medio-alto y con un alto nivel de capacidad institucional, es un importante socio de los Estados Unidos en temas de desarrollo.
Middle East Regional
Many challenges in the Middle East and North Africa, including the unprecedented migration of refugees, water security, gender-based violence, trade and violent extremism, are inherently transnational and benefit from regional responses.
In support of Moldova’s democratic and free-market reforms, USAID projects work to strengthen economic growth and democratic governance.
Mongolia is richly endowed with mineral resources, promising economic and social benefits for its people. While Mongolia stands as a beacon of democracy in an autocratic region, the country’s dependence on extractive industries and its underdeveloped manufacturing and services sectors leave the economy vulnerable to fluctuations.
Morocco is one of America's oldest friends in the Middle East and North Africa and is recognized today as a major non-NATO ally. Since 1957, the U.S. Government and the Government of Morocco have worked together to make real and substantial improvements in the lives of Moroccan citizens.
Following a long civil war, Mozambique has made the transition to peace, stability and sustained economic growth, providing an essential link between landlocked neighbors and the global marketplace.
Its ties to South Africa’s industrial heartland underscore the fact that the country’s economic, political and social progress is vital to the interests of the region. However, the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, as well as high infant mortality, have resulted in the distressingly low life expectancy of just 50 years.
Landlocked between India and China, two rapidly changing countries, Nepal remains one of the poorest countries in the world and continues to cope with the effects of a decade-long insurgency that ended in 2006. Located in the Himalaya mountain range, the country is greatly impacted by global climate change and struggles with both water scarcity in some areas and increased flooding in others. Supporting progress toward a democratic, resilient and prosperous Nepal is a priority for U.S. development efforts.
Niger, an emerging democracy landlocked in the increasingly unstable Sahel region. Itconsistently ranks at or near the bottom of the United Nations Human Development Index. Despite increased economic growth catalyzed by expanding extractive industries, broad-based development has been hampered by poor infrastructure, extremely low education levels, and multiple concurrent natural disasters. Economic progress is further challenged by the highest fertility rate in the world, which essentially doubles the population every twenty years.
A vast proportion of the world’s shipping passes through Pacific waters, making the Pacific Islands central to global security and the global economy. They are also on the front lines of a number of global challenges, in particular climate change and natural disasters.
The primary focus of the U.S. civilian-assistance program is to develop a stable, secure and tolerant Pakistan with a vibrant economy.
Working with other U.S. agencies, as well as donors and international development partners, USAID has focused its program over the last year on five areas essential to Pakistan’s stability and long-term development and reflective of Pakistani priorities: energy, economic growth, stabilization, education and health.
In 2012, Panama joined Chile, South Korea, and Poland as countries that have successfully reached the point at which they can propel their own development without the need for significant U.S. assistance.
Paraguay, a landlocked country about the size of California located in the heart of South America, recently joined the upper middle income category. With nearly 7 million people, this small but open economy has had an average growth of 5% over the last decade. However, Paraguay’s growth is very volatile, and mostly reliant on natural resources.
The Philippines, Southeast Asia's oldest democracy, is a key development, trade and security partner to the United States. Its economy has grown substantially in recent years, but the gains have not yet generated sufficient improvements in the lives of many Filipinos.
Republic of the Congo
The Republic of the Congo is relatively rich in natural resources, including forests, oil and other mineral resources, and it has the deepest port in Africa. A civil war in 1997 led to years of unrest, but stability has now returned. However, the country continues to struggle to restore democratic governance. More than 80 percent of the population is literate, and primary education is widespread among both girls and boys.
Last updated: January 23, 2017