Over half of Chad's population live in poverty and have experienced decades of conflict and instability. Since the 2010 peace agreement with neighboring Sudan, however, the country has enjoyed relative stability. Beginning in 2000, foreign direct investment in the oil sector has boosted revenues from oil production.
USAID’s activities relating to China fall into three categories and are implemented by the Agency’s Thailand-based Regional Development Mission for Asia (RDMA).
First, USAID assists Tibetan communities in China by promoting more prosperous lives through employment creation; improved management of natural resource-based livelihoods, such as yak herding; and preservation of their cultural heritage.
Colombia is a middle-income country and one of the oldest democracies in Latin America. However, it has endured nearly half a century of intense armed conflict, perpetuated by widespread illegal drug production and trafficking.
USAID supports cooperation between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities to reduce tensions and promote a climate that will foster reconciliation and a durable peace settlement on the long divided island.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
In November 2011, the people of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) voted in their second national election since independence. While these elections were critically important, the country—with a population of over 71 million—still faces multiple challenges. Due to the persistent presence of armed groups, ongoing insecurity continues to destabilize eastern DRC. Other challenges include rampant corruption, inadequate infrastructure and human resources, and a limited capacity to raise and manage revenues.
Djibouti's location in a conflict-prone region—with Yemen, Eritrea, Somalia and Ethiopia at its borders—combined with its commitment to peaceful, moderate views makes it a unique and strategic partner for the United States. Djibouti is home to one of the few warehouses, not based in the United States, that prepositions American food aid for Africa and Asia, thus reducing the delivery times to areas in need by 75 percent.
The Dominican Republic is the Caribbean’s largest economy, with an estimated 2014 gross domestic product (GDP) of $64.14 billion. Despite being a middle income country, more than 40 percent of Dominicans live in poverty, with the wealthiest 10 percent of the population accounting for more than 40 percent of the country’s income.
East Africa Regional
USAID works with regional intergovernmental organizations—the East African Community, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa—and with regional private sector and civil society groups to implement effective solutions to regional development challenges.
Eastern and Southern Caribbean
For almost 40 years, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has provided development assistance to the Caribbean region and sought to advance: “Safer more prosperous Caribbean Communities.” Despite significant strides made over the years, Eastern and Southern Caribbean countries remain vulnerable to myriad threats that impact the lives and livelihoods of citizens and vulnerable populations.
For nearly four decades, the American people have partnered with the people of Egypt to promote an environment where all groups in Egyptian society – including women and minorities – can lead healthy, productive lives. USAID’s program in Egypt, totaling nearly $30 billion since 1978, has directly and fundamentally supported gains such as a reduction in infant and maternal mortality rates, improvement in reading ability in the early grades, and an increase in marketable skills – leading to jobs and lasting prosperity in Egypt.
Our portfolio in Ethiopia is one of the largest and most complex in Africa.
Over the last decade, Ethiopia has made tremendous development gains in education, health and food security. In 2015, GDP growth was 10.5 percent (World Bank). The addition of 38,000 health extension workers has helped reduce the under five child mortality rate by more than six percent a year since 2000.
Ghana is a stable, democratic country with a free press, active civil society, independent judiciary and apolitical military. USAID and the Ghanaian Government work together to generate prosperity and security for both the Ghanaian and the American people by increasing agricultural production, employment opportunities, and income for the poor, improving the quality of health services and education, and strengthening local government institutions.
High levels of violence and insecurity, and historic inequality in Guatemala contribute to increased crime rates, high levels of poverty, and some of the lowest social development indicators in Latin America. Guatemala also is extremely vulnerable to natural disasters and the impacts of climate change. However, Guatemala also has a wealth of human and natural resources that can contribute to economic growth and increased stability.
Guinea is a predominantly Muslim country with a population 11.7 million. It has the largest reserves of bauxite in the world, and is the second largest producer of the mineral. Despite the country’s mineral wealth, it is one of the poorest countries in the world, with a GDP per capita of $523. Its successful November 2010 elections marked the first time in 52 years that the country held peaceful, democratic presidential elections. The elections were seen by the international community as a turning point for the country’s political stability and future development.
USAID's programs in Guyana are managed out of USAID's Eastern and Southern Caribbean Mission.
In Guyana, USAID programs focus on health, economic growth, and democracy and governance.
The health program strengthens public health systems and works to ensure the availability of comprehensive care; enhances civil-society and private-sector responses to HIV/AIDS; provides HIV prevention services; and improves supply-chain management of drugs and other supplies.
Last updated: January 21, 2017