Over half of Chad's population live in poverty and have experienced decades of conflict and instability. Since the 2010 peace agreement with neighboring Sudan, however, the country has enjoyed relative stability. Beginning in 2000, foreign direct investment in the oil sector has boosted revenues from oil production.
USAID’s activities relating to China fall into three categories and are implemented by the Agency’s Thailand-based Regional Development Mission for Asia (RDMA).
First, USAID assists Tibetan communities in China by promoting more prosperous lives through employment creation; improved management of natural resource-based livelihoods, such as yak herding; and preservation of their cultural heritage.
Colombia is a middle-income country and one of the oldest democracies in Latin America. However, it has endured nearly half a century of intense armed conflict, perpetuated by widespread illegal drug production and trafficking.
“Cuba's future must be freely determined by the Cuban people. Sadly, that has not been the case for decades, and it is not the case today. The people of Cuba deserve the same rights, freedoms and opportunities as anyone else. And so the United States is going to continue supporting the basic rights of the Cuban people.” --President Barack Obama, December 19, 2011
USAID supports cooperation between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities to reduce tensions and promote a climate that will foster reconciliation and a durable peace settlement on the long divided island.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
In November 2011, the people of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) voted in their second national election since independence. While these elections are critically important, the country—with a population of over 71 million—faces multiple challenges. Due to the persistent presence of armed groups, ongoing insecurity continues to destabilize eastern DRC. Other challenges include rampant corruption, inadequate infrastructure and human resources, and a limited capacity to raise and manage revenues.
Djibouti's location in a conflict-prone region—with Yemen, Eritrea, Somalia and Ethiopia at its borders—combined with its commitment to peaceful, moderate views makes it a unique and strategic partner for the United States. Djibouti is home to one of the few warehouses, not based in the United States, that prepositions American food aid for Africa and Asia, thus reducing the delivery times to areas in need by 75 percent.
For the past 50 years, USAID has responded to the needs of the Dominican Republic. The Agency currently helps improve governance and reduce corruption across the country and supports the government's implementation of the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement. We also help small businesses and rural communities take advantage of free trade opportunities and employment generation, while protecting natural resources and biodiversity.
East Africa Regional
Through the East Africa regional program, USAID works across borders to strengthen food security, improve economic growth, prevent conflict, and improve health systems, with a particular focus on fighting HIV/AIDS. These activities span the Great Lakes region of Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda, and the Horn of Africa region that includes Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia.
Eastern and Southern Caribbean
The Eastern and Southern Caribbean (ESC) region includes the six independent countries of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines), Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and Suriname, all of which emerged as independent nations only in the last 50 years.
For nearly four decades, the American people have partnered with the people of Egypt to promote an environment where all groups in Egyptian society – including women and minorities – can lead healthy, productive lives. USAID’s program in Egypt, totaling nearly $30 billion since 1975, has directly and fundamentally supported gains such as a reduction in infant and maternal mortality rates, improvement in reading ability in the early grades, and an increase in marketable skills – leading to jobs and lasting prosperity in Egypt.
USAID’s portfolio in Ethiopia is one of the largest and most complex in Africa.
Over the last decade, Ethiopia has made tremendous development gains in education, health and food security. In 2014, GDP growth was 10.3 percent (IMF). The addition of 38,000 health extension workers has helped reduce the under five child mortality rate by more than six percent a year since 2000.
Ghana is a stable, democratic country with a free press, active civil society, independent judiciary and apolitical military. USAID and the Ghanaian Government work together to generate prosperity and security for both the Ghanaian and the American people by increasing agricultural production, employment opportunities, and income for the poor, improving the quality of health services and education, and strengthening local government institutions.
High levels of violence and insecurity, and historic inequality in Guatemala contribute to increased crime rates, high levels of poverty, and some of the lowest social development indicators in Latin America. Guatemala also is extremely vulnerable to natural disasters and the impacts of climate change. However, Guatemala also has a wealth of human and natural resources that can contribute to economic growth and increased stability.
Guinea is a predominantly Muslim country with a population 11.7 million. It has the largest reserves of bauxite in the world, and is the second largest producer of the mineral. Despite the country’s mineral wealth, it is one of the poorest countries in the world, with a GDP per capita of $523. Its successful November 2010 elections marked the first time in 52 years that the country held peaceful, democratic presidential elections. The elections were seen by the international community as a turning point for the country’s political stability and future development.
In Guyana, USAID programs focus on health, economic growth, and democracy and governance.
The health program strengthens public health systems and works to ensure the availability of comprehensive care; enhances civil-society and private-sector responses to HIV/AIDS; provides HIV prevention services; and improves supply-chain management of drugs and other supplies.
Last updated: February 10, 2016