Bridging Europe and Eurasia, Ukraine’s geography makes it central to regional stability and security. Today’s Ukraine struggles to unify with its western neighbors by pursuing pro-European reforms while staving off Russian-backed separatists fighting within its eastern borders. In this context, USAID works with leaders throughout Ukraine to build a stable, democratic, and prosperous future. USAID programs primarily focus on good governance, economic growth, strengthened health services and humanitarian assistance.
Developing an independent, stable, prosperous and democratic Central Asia is vital to regional and global security, and Uzbekistan plays a pivotal role. As Central Asia’s most populous country, with extensive natural resources and transportation links, Uzbekistan is a potential force for economic growth and stability in the region.
USAID’s Venezuela program supports civil society, promotes human rights, strengthens democratic governance, encourages civic engagement, and expands dialogues.
We also help address the rights of citizens to be informed by independent and free media. Our assistance provides trainings, exchanges with other Latin American countries, support for research, and opportunities for Venezuelans to share ideas.
West Africa Regional
West Africa’s tremendous resources—human, agricultural, and mineral—are dogged by political instability, poor governance, environmental degradation, disease, extreme poverty, and lack of private investment opportunities. To combat these challenges, USAID’s West Africa Regional Mission, located in Accra, Ghana, implements innovative regional activities to address trans-boundary issues, as well as activities in countries where there is no USAID mission.
West Bank and Gaza
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is the principal U.S. government agency that administers the United States’ foreign assistance program in the West Bank and Gaza. Building the institutions of a viable future Palestinian state is a core U.S.
In 2014 and 2015, conflict escalated throughout Yemen and disrupted the political transition process that followed 2011 protests over lack of economic opportunity, corruption and other issues. The country now faces a humanitarian crisis, with the UN estimating that 21.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance (82% of the population), more than any other crisis today.
In Zambia, the last 12 years of impressive economic growth raised the average per capita income to over $1,700 and made it a lower-middle-income country. The countries' 25 years of successful multi-party democracy, with two peaceful transitions between ruling political parties, has made the country an example of peace and security in sub-Saharan Africa.
Zimbabwe was once one of southern Africa’s most vibrant, productive, and resilient countries. However, over the past decade, the nation has faced a series of political and economic crises that have led to the general decline of Zimbabweans’ standard of living and a breakdown in public health, education, and infrastructure.
Zimbabwe has an estimated population of 14.5 million, of whom about 10 million live in rural areas. Life for the average Zimbabwean is increasingly difficult, with 63 percent of all households living in poverty and 16 percent in extreme poverty.
Although reforms since 2009 have helped stabilize the economy, since 2012, formal unemployment levels have increased and industries continue to operate well below capacity. The uncertain political climate and inconsistent and ill-conceived domestic policies restrict foreign and domestic investment needed for economic growth. Over 90 percent of the country’s national budget goes for public sector salaries, leaving scant resources for investment in infrastructure and public services.
Exacerbating Zimbabwe’s economic woes is the growing impact of climate change. The collapse of the commercial agricultural sector resulted in an over reliance on small scale, rain-fed agriculture. As Zimbabwe’s climate becomes more erratic, farmers have found it harder to produce sufficient yields, greatly contributing to the country’s recurrent food insecurity.
Food insecurity has worsened over the last three years due to the severe El Niño induced drought. As such the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee estimates that 4.1 million (42 percent of the rural population) will be food insecure during the period from January to March 2017.
Zimbabwe’s high mortality and illness rates are a result of an under-resourced health delivery system, which is overstretched by the high burden of HIV, TB, malaria, and maternal and childhood illnesses. More than a decade of worsening economic conditions and rising costs has eroded a once vibrant health system. That said, the health sector has produced notable results such as an HIV prevalence rate that declined from 26 percent in 1999 to a current rate of 14 percent. The number of malaria cases has also decreased from 1.8 million in 2006 to less than 392,000 in 2015 – a dramatic 73 percent reduction.
To ensure that its future is in the hands of Zimbabweans, USAID works with its partners to strengthen health services, increase food security, support economic resilience, and promote democratic governance.
الأردن | Jordan
Jordan, a country of 9.5 million people, is a voice for moderation, peace and reform in the Middle East. Its central geographic position – bordered by Iraq, Syria, the West Bank, Israel and Saudi Arabia – brings it into constant contact with regional turbulence that affects its political climate and its economy. Calls for greater freedoms across the Arab world have increased domestic pressure on the Government of Jordan to speed the pace of promised reforms to improve economic conditions, strengthen democratic practices and governance, and reduce public corruption.
Last updated: January 17, 2017