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Rule of Law

In 2008, Mexico passed a constitutional reform that mandated a change in the criminal justice system from a written inquisitorial system to an oral accusatorial system by 2016. Since 92 percent of crimes in Mexico happen within state jurisdiction, we focus on supporting criminal justice reform at the state level with additional activities at the federal level. To date, 18 of 32 states (56 percent) have passed revised criminal procedure codes. 

USAID programs form part of a coordinated U.S. Government effort to help strengthen the rule of law in Mexico under the Merida Initiative.

USAID cooperates with Mexico to implement criminal justice reform by:

  1. supporting Mexico in developing policies and legislation for key rule of law reforms
  2. strengthening the capacity of judges, prosecutors, public defense attorneys, lawyers and security officials to promote and implement justice system improvements
  3. helping justice sector institutions to effectively plan, implement, and monitor the criminal justice transition that safeguards due process and protects human rights
  4. developing curricula for law schools to prepare the next generation of justice sector operators
  5. informing and engaging citizens in criminal justice reform, and supporting civic oversight efforts

Last updated: May 16, 2018

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