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Although HIV prevalence among the general population in Mexico is relatively low (0.3 percent), populations at higher risk of exposure such as men who have sex with men, transgender persons, intravenous drug users, and commercial sex workers continue to register high prevalence rates.

An estimated 220,000 people are living with HIV in Mexico, the second largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS of any country in Latin America. Factors such as the social stigma and marginalization attached to AIDS and to groups perceived to be at-high risk continue to hamper HIV prevention efforts in Mexico. The spread of HIV in Mexico directly impacts the U.S. due to the population flows between the two countries.

Due to the highly concentrated nature of the Mexico‘s AIDS epidemic, the most effective use of resources is to continue to focus on reducing risky sexual behaviors among populations most susceptible to infection. USAID is supporting Mexico’s fight against HIV/AIDS, recognizing how the spread of the disease impacts people on both sides of the border.  Our efforts focus on prevention and reducing the stigma associated with HIV/AIDS.

USAID advances activities that target at‐risk groups via prevention and building leadership capacity. We also collaborate with the national HIV/AIDS program and Mexican civil society organizations to improve the policy environment and promote safe behaviors to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS.

Last updated: May 16, 2018

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