- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
December 16, 2016
Food Security Situation
- Mauritania is a least-developed country, ranking 156 of 188 countries on the UN Development Program's 2015 Human Development Index.
Mauritania is structurally food deficient, importing approximately 70 percent of its food each year. Populations in the eastern and southern regions of Mauritania depend upon subsistence agriculture and pastoralism as their primary livelihoods, and are especially vulnerable in the case of decreased rainfall. Chronic food insecurity affects approximately 15 percent of the population.
The presence of over 42,000 Malian refugees in one of the most vulnerable areas of Mauritania continues to result in emergency needs and strain local populations’ food stocks and resources.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) provides food assistance to vulnerable Mauritanians and Malian refugees.
FFP is supporting a broad range of activities to strengthen Mauritania’s food security and resilience to future shock. This includes partnering with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to provide locally and regionally purchased food, as well as cash-based food assistance to help families buy food on local markets, supporting both household food consumption and local economies. Through its NGO partners, FFP is also helping vulnerable Mauritanians diversify livelihoods, establish community-level early warning systems, and restore and improve productive community infrastructure.
FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to provide in-kind emergency food assistance to Malian refugees residing in Mauritania. Through the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), FFP is providing ready-to-use therapeutic food to children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). FFP also supports UNICEF to strengthen communities’ ability to detect and refer SAM cases early and to reinforce national nutrition monitoring and data collection.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2017||$3.0 million||2,010 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$5.9 million||2,220 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$11.6 million||5,030 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$10.2 million||3,640 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$6.5 million||4,550 MT|
Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$3.0 million||2,010 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Food Security Situation information is provided by WFP, UNHCR, and UNDP.
FY 2017 contribution based on funds obligated to date.
Last updated: December 16, 2016