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- U.S. Global Development Lab
February 2, 2016
Food Security Situation
- Mauritania is a least-developed country, ranking 156 of 188 countries on the UN Development Program (UNDP) 2015 Human Development Index. Forty-two percent of the population lives below the national poverty line.
Mauritania typically imports 70 percent of its national food consumption needs. Populations in the eastern and southern regions of Mauritania depend upon subsistence agriculture and pastoralism as their primary livelihoods, and are especially vulnerable in the case of decreased rainfall.
According to the Famine Early Warning System (FEWS NET), due to good crop production and pastoral conditions the majority of the country faces minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity. However, the agropastoral areas of Gorgo, Inchiri, Brakna, Assaba, Tangant and Adrar currently face stressed (IPC Phase 2) levels of food insecurity, which is expected to persist until March 2016.
The presence of Malian refugees in Mauritania continues to affect the food security situation of vulnerable host populations in southern and eastern Mauritania due to increased pressure on local food stocks and resources.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food-insecure Mauritanians and Malian refugees in the Gorgol, Guidimakha, Hodh el Gharby, Assaba, and Hodh el Chargui regions. FFP is implementing a broad range of strategies that aim to strengthen Mauritania’s overall food security and resilience to future shock. FFP partners with Save the Children, Action Against Hunger, Oxfam and Catholic Relief Services to provide locally and regionally purchased food as well as cash transfers to help families buy food on local markets.
FFP also partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) for targeted emergency food distributions to prevent and treat acute malnutrition in vulnerable populations. WFP activities focus on improving health and nutrition, community mobilization (infrastructure development and income-generating activities), and livelihood capacity development.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$3.0 million||2,110 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$11.6 million||5,030 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$10.2 million||3,640 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$6.5 million||4,550 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$20.6 million||6,340 MT|
Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$3.0 million||2,110 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET, WFP, and UNHCR as of January 2016.
FY 2016 contribution based on funds obligated to date.
Last updated: June 03, 2016